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Journal of Environmental Hazards

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 4, Issue 3 (2020)

    Research Pages: 1 - 6

    Liquid-Liquid Equilibria Study for a Common Azeotropic Ternary System

    Mahmoud Abdelhafiz and Ahmed Elbeih*

    Methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and Methanol (MeOH) have been known as effective fuel oxygenates to increase the octane number, improve fuel performance, and cut the environmental pollutants. However, their high solubility in water limits their usage in the petroleum industry field regarding the loss of fuel homogeneity. In this work, the liquid-liquid phase equilibrium of the ternary system of MTBE – Methanol –Water. Experiments have been studied at different mole fractions, various temperatures; 0°C, 25°C, and 50°C, and at several pressures; 1.0 atm, 1.5 atm, and 2.0 atm. This work represents a combination of practical laboratory experimental results and simulation sets utilizing Aspen HYSYS software version 7.2. The results show that Aspen HYSYS simulation data are proficient with the output data developed from the laboratory experimental laboratory measurements and thus it is capable to correlate software simulation with practical data for the studied systems with realistic accuracy. This protocol aims to optimize the oxygenate composition, pressure, and temperature during the usage of MTBE – MeOH as a common fuel oxygenate additive.

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Can drought affect soil quality?

    Varsha Hamilton**

    DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2020.04.124

    Drought is a perplexing normal risk influencing the world farming creation and is extended to exacerbate with foreseen enviro nmental change because of worldwide warming. The ever-expanding request put upon agribusiness to flexibly food is one of the significant difficulties of agrarian networks. Thusly, a deliberate exertion focused on the dirt science and agroecosystem is the need of the time. Soil quality is significant to rural supportability. F or an environment to flourish, keeping up the nature of the dirt turns into a basic factor. All pieces of our current circumstance and networks are legitimately or by implication influenced by dry spell or related conditions.
    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Coral Reef Destruction: A Threat to future Generations

    Jill Johnson*

    DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2020.04.125

    Coral reefs are imperiled by an assortment of components, including: characteristic wonders, for example, typhoons, El Nino, and infections; nearby dangers, for example, overfishing, dangerous fishing methods, waterfront advancement, contamination, and indiscreet the travel industry; and the worldwide impacts of environmental changeÔ??warmingoceansandexpandinglevelsofCO2 in the water. As indicated by Reefs at Risk Revisited, a report by the World Resources Institute,75 percent of the world's coral reefs are in danger from neighborhood and world wide anxieties. About a fourth of them have just been harmed destroyed. In the event that we proceed with the same old thing, 90% of coral reefs will be in peril by 2030, and essentially every one of them by 2050
    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Does New Techniques Help Convert Ammonia to Green Hydrogen

    Sravya Akkula*

    DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2020.04.126

    Using smelling salts as a transporter for hydrogen conveyance has picked up footing lately in light of the fact that alkali is a lot simpler to liquify than hydrogen and is in this way a lot simpler to store and move. Northwestern's innovative advancement defeats a few existing boundaries to the creation of clean hydrogen from alkali. "The plague for hydrogen power modules has been the absence of conveyance foundation," said Sossina Haile, lead creator of the examination. "It's troublesome and costly to ship hydrogen, yet a broad smelling salts conveyance framework as of now exists. There are pipelines for it. We convey loads of alkali everywhere on the world for manure. In the event that you give us smelling salts, the electrochemical frameworks we created can change that alkali over to power module prepared, clean hydrogen on location at any scale.

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 1

    Editor???s Note on Global warming and Melting glaciers

    Divya Pandey*

    DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2020.04.127

    An unnatural weather change is the drawn out warming of the planet's general temperature. In spite of the fact that this warming pattern has been continuing for quite a while, its movement has essentially expanded over the most recent hundred years because of the consuming of non-renewable energy sources. As the human populace has expanded, so has the volume of petroleum derivatives consumed. Petroleum products incorporate coal, oil, and flammable gas, and consuming them causes what is known as the "Green House Effect" in Earth's climate. The Green House Effect is the point at which the Sun's beams infiltrate the environment, yet when that warmth is reflected off the surface can't escape once again into space. Gases delivered by the consuming of petroleum derivatives keep the warmth from leaving the climate. These nursery gasses are carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, water fume, methane, and nitrous oxide. The overabundance heat in the air has made the normal worldwide temperature rise extra time, also called an unnatural weather change

    Volume 5, Issue 2 (2021)

      Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

      Effects of Noise Pollution

      Ramya Shubha*

      DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2021.5.135

      Epidemiological investigations have given proof that traffic commotion openness is connected to cardiovascular sicknesses like blood vessel hypertension, myocardial dead tissue, and stroke. Ecological stressors, for example, commotion and air contamination are getting increasingly more significant in our industrialized world and particularly traffic clamor from street, airplane, and rail route transportation addresses a potential novel cardiovascular danger factor and various investigations exhibit that commotion assumes a part for the improvement of cardiovascular just as metabolic sickness. Babisch set up the cutting edge commotion response model, hypothesizing an "roundabout pathway," in which unsettling influence of rest, correspondence, and action by low-level clamor openness causes changes of enthusiastic and intellectual boundaries and irritation, trailed by constant pressure responses and antagonistic wellbeing impacts. Significantly, natural stressors produce their own cardiovascular danger factors like hypertension, hyperglycemia hyperlipidemia, and expanded blood thickness and coagulation (13), adding to CVD like coronary corridor infection, cardiovascular breakdown, and stroke. Commotion instigated cardiovascular harm is a multifactorial cycle and the diverse pathomechanisms might be dynamic at contrasting time points of clamor openness.

       

      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

      Review on Waste Management Resources

      Shivangana Rawat*

      DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2021.5.137

      Waste can be strong, fluid, or vaporous and each type has various strategies for removal and the board. Squander the executives manages a wide range of waste, including mechanical, natural and family. At times, waste can represent a danger to human health. Health issues are related all through the whole interaction of waste administration. Medical problems can likewise emerge by implication or straightforwardly. Straightforwardly, through the treatment of said squander, and in a roundabout way through the utilization of water, soil and food. Squander is delivered by human movement, for instance, the extraction and preparing of crude materials. Waste the board is planned to diminish unfriendly impacts of waste on human wellbeing, the climate, planetary assets and style.

      Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

      Note on Space Debris

      Arunima Mishra **

      DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2021.5.136

      Space flotsam and jetsam (otherwise called space garbage, space contamination, space squander, space refuse, or space trash) is old human-made articles in space basically in Earth circle which at this point don't serve a valuable capacity. These incorporate neglected space apparatus non-functional shuttle and deserted dispatch vehicle stages mission-related garbage, and especially various in Earth circle, discontinuity flotsam and jetsam from the separation of abandoned rocket bodies and space apparatus. Notwithstanding neglected human-constructed protests left in circle, different instances of room flotsam and jetsam incorporate sections from their breaking down, disintegration and impacts, or even paint bits, set fluids removed from shuttle, and unburned particles from strong rocket engines. Space flotsam and jetsam addresses a danger to rocket. Space trash is commonly a negative externality it makes an outside cost on others from the underlying activity to dispatch or utilize a rocket in close Earth circle an expense that is normally not considered nor completely represented in the expense by the launcher or payload proprietor. A few shuttles, both monitored and automated, have been harmed or obliterated by space debris. The estimation, alleviation, and expected evacuation of garbage are directed by certain members in the space business.

      Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

      Effects of Air Pollution

      Swati Kashyap*

      DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2021.5.134

      Contamination is characterized as the presentation into the climate of   substances hurtful to people and other living life forms. Contaminations are hurtful solids, fluids, or gases created in higher than regular focuses that decrease the nature of our current circumstance. The mechanical unrest was an extraordinary achievement regarding innovation, society, and the arrangement of different administrations, it likewise presented the creation of enormous amounts of contaminations radiated into the air that are destructive to human wellbeing. Air contamination primarily influences those living in huge metropolitan regions, where street outflows contribute the most to the debasement of air quality. There is likewise a threat of mechanical mishaps, where the spread of a poisonous haze can be lethal to the populaces of the encompassing regions. In agricultural nations the issue is more genuine because of overpopulation and uncontrolled urbanization alongside the improvement of industrialization. This prompts helpless air quality, particularly in nations with social variations and an absence of data on maintainable administration of the climate.

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 1

      Editorial Note on Hazard

      Namarata Pal **

      DOI: 10.37421/jeh.2021.5.133

      A Hazard is a likely wellspring of mischief. Substances, occasions, or conditions can comprise Hazards when their inclination would permit them, even only hypothetically, to make harm wellbeing, life, property, or some other interest of significant worth. Perils can be grouped severally. They can be delegated regular, anthropogenic, innovative, or any blend accordingly, for example, on account of the normal marvel of fierce blaze getting more normal because of human-made environmental change or more hurtful because of changes in building rehearses. A typical topic across numerous types of risks is the presence of put away energy that, when delivered, can cause harm. Put away energy can happen in numerous structures: substance, mechanical, warm, radioactive, electrical, and so forth . An ecological peril is a substance, state or occasion which can possibly compromise the encompassing regular habitat or unfavorably influence individuals' wellbeing, including contamination and cataclysmic events like tempests and quakes. It can incorporate any single or blend of harmful compound, organic, or actual specialists in the climate, coming about because of human exercises or common cycles, that may affect the soundness of uncovered subjects, including toxins like substantial metals, pesticides, natural impurities, harmful material, mechanical and home synthetics.

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