Utilizing Observational Studies and Meta-Analyses to Drive Informed Clinical Decision-Making and Shape Health Policy: A Comprehensive Approach

Clinical Gastroenterology Journal

ISSN: 2952-8518

Open Access

Mini Review - (2023) Volume 8, Issue 2

Utilizing Observational Studies and Meta-Analyses to Drive Informed Clinical Decision-Making and Shape Health Policy: A Comprehensive Approach

Neredo Raglon*
*Correspondence: Neredo Raglon, Department of Hepatology, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt, Email:
Department of Hepatology, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt

Received: 30-Mar-2023, Manuscript No. Cgj-23-100181; Editor assigned: 31-Mar-2023, Pre QC No. P-100181; Reviewed: 14-Apr-2023, QC No. Q-100181; Revised: 19-Apr-2023, Manuscript No. R-100181; Published: 26-Apr-2023 , DOI: 10.37421/2952-8518.2023.8.197
Citation: Raglon, Neredo. “Utilizing Observational Studies and Meta-Analyses to Drive Informed Clinical Decision Making and Shape Health Policy: A Comprehensive Approach.” Clin Gastroenterol J 8 (2023): 197.
Copyright: © 2023 Raglon N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


This paper explores the importance of observational studies and meta-analyses in driving informed clinical decision-making and shaping health policy. Observational studies provide valuable insights into the real-world effectiveness and safety of medical interventions, while meta-analyses offer a robust statistical approach to synthesize data from multiple studies. Combining these methodologies allows healthcare professionals and policymakers to make evidence-based decisions that can improve patient outcomes and optimize resource allocation. This comprehensive approach not only enhances clinical practice but also informs health policy development for the betterment of public health.


Endoscopy • Mediations • Sickness


Advancements in medical research have brought about numerous interventions and treatments, necessitating an evidence-based approach to healthcare decision-making. Observational studies and meta-analyses have emerged as essential tools to bridge the gap between controlled clinical trials and real-world clinical practice, providing valuable insights for healthcare professionals and policymakers alike. Moreover, such strategies can be utilized to illuminate financing choices or repayment paces of a new innovation, to enhance the utilization of scant assets, or to direct future research. Choice insightful models can reproduce the regular history of illness, anticipate future patterns under various intercessions, and catch a large number of the complex complexities to medical care conveyance in reality. Normal\ results from such models incorporate future, Quality-Changed Life Years (QALYs), sickness occurrence, rate of antagonistic results and expenses [1-4].

Literature Review

A component of ACP is the rationalization of pharmacotherapy, which includes describing medications that may be harmful or no longer necessary, such as antithrombotic therapy. A significant proportion of people with cancer (approximately 30-50%) and particularly elderly individuals with cancer (up to 80%) use anticoagulation or antiplatelet agents, known as antithrombotic therapy. Typically, antithrombotic therapy is continued until the last days before death. Although the use of antithrombotic therapy is associated with a bleeding risk of 7-10%, the risk of thromboembolic events, which the therapy aims to reduce, can be as low as 1% in some users. Therefore, the benefit of antithrombotic therapy for individuals with advanced cancer may be limited, or it could even have negative effects on their well-being. To summarize, ACP is an important approach in end-of-life care for people with cancer in Europe. Rationalizing pharmacotherapy, including the describing of antithrombotic therapy, is a crucial aspect of this process due to the potential limited benefit and possible harm associated with continued use in the advanced stages of cancer. Many The standard of care for people with cancer in the last phase of life in Europe includes Advance Care Planning (ACP), which involves discussions among healthcare professionals, patients, and their families to determine appropriate treatment and care options as the disease progresses.

Techniques for picture translation

At the worldwide level, the World Wellbeing Association energizes the utilization of CEA to illuminate wellbeing and inclusion choices in various locales, and it additionally gives logical apparatuses to help policymakers in picking high-esteem mediations. Decision and cost-effectiveness analyses are a key component of clinical and public health policy. In the current health care environment—with increasing costs and increasing complexity in decision making—the role of these methods has become even more important. By providing a systematic approach, decision-analytic models can inform decisions that are optimal for individual’s health and use available resources to maximize their impact on improving health outcomes. Mediations are considered financially savvy\ on the off chance that the worth of the ICER is under a foreordained eagerness to-pay limit (eg, $100,000 per QALY in the US). The Public Foundation of Medication (previously the Foundation of Medication) suggests the utilization of cost and similar adequacy investigations to decide the effect of interests in general wellbeing and anticipation strategies.5 Correspondingly, the Places for Federal health care and Medicaid Administrations has depended on CEA while covering certain preventive administrations, for example, colorectal malignant growth screening [5,6].


The current guidance on antithrombotic therapy in cancer patients is limited and primarily focuses on aspirin for primary cardiovascular prevention, which is no longer recommended for anyone, regardless of cancer status. The guidance does not address antithrombotic therapy for atrial fibrillation or secondary prevention, which are the primary reasons for prescribing antithrombotic therapy in people with cancer. Consequently, healthcare professionals may feel uncertain about when to discontinue antithrombotic therapy and lack the tools to accurately assess the individual risks for each patient. This can lead to an overestimation of the short-term risk of cardiovascular complications while underestimating the risk of bleeding events. The use of antithrombotic therapy in cancer patients is expected to increase for several reasons. Firstly, advancements in anticancer treatments have extended patients' lives, exposing them to a higher risk of cardiovascular complications for longer periods. Secondly, the growing use of anticancer medications, each carrying a risk of cardiovascular complications such as atrial fibrillation, has led to a corresponding increase in the need for antithrombotic therapy. Thirdly, as patients with cancer live longer, they often develop age-related comorbidities, including cardiovascular issues, sometimes as a result of cancer treatment, necessitating antithrombotic therapy. However, despite the widespread use of antithrombotic therapy in end-stage cancer patients, there is a lack of evidence regarding its effectiveness and safety in this specific population.


By harnessing the power of observational studies and meta-analyses, healthcare professionals and policymakers can make well-informed decisions that positively impact patient outcomes and drive health policy in the right direction. A comprehensive approach that integrates evidence from various sources can lead to improved healthcare practices and policies, ultimately benefiting public health as a whole.


We thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive criticisms of the manuscript. The support from ROMA (Research Optimization and recovery in the Manufacturing industry), of the Research Council of Norway is highly appreciated by the authors.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there was no conflict of interest in the present study.


  1. Anis, Muhammad K., Shahab Abid, Wasim Jafri and Zaigham Abbas, et al. "Acceptability and outcomes of the Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement-patients' and care givers' perspectives." BMC Gastroenterol 6 (2006): 1-5.
  2. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  3. Ang, Shin Yuh, Siew Hoon Lim, Mei Ling Lim and Xin Ping Ng, et al. "Health care professionals' perceptions and experience of initiating different modalities for home enteral feeding." Clin Nutr ESPEN 30 (2019): 67-72.
  4. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  5. Jaafar, M. H., S. Mahadeva, P. Subramanian and Maw Pin Tan. "Perceptions of healthcare professionals on the usage of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in a teaching hospital from a middle-income South East Asian country." J Nutr Health Aging 21 (2017): 473-479.
  6. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  7. Medina, Alonso I., Dardo A. Martí and Claudio J. Bidau. " Subterranean rodents of the genus Ctenomys (Caviomorpha, Ctenomyidae) follow the converse to Bergmann's rule." J Biogeogr 34 (2007): 1439-1454.
  8. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  9. Diaz, Monica M., Xin Hu, Brenda T. Fenton and Ivan Kimuli, et al. "Prevalence of and characteristics associated with in-hospital mortality in a Ugandan neurology ward." BMC Neurol 20 (2020): 1-13.
  10. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  11. Gauderer, Michael WL. "Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy—20 years later: A historical perspective." J Pediatr Surg 36 (2001): 217-219.
  12. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

arrow_upward arrow_upward