Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a group of inflammatory colon and small intestine diseases. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s Disease are the two main components of the IBD. Ulcerative colitis is the disorder of the colon (large intestine). Crohn’s Disease can affect any part of the digestive system from mouth to anus.
Symptoms associated with IBD are abdominal pain, cramps, swelling, bloody diarrhea, weight loss and extreme tiredness. IBD is treated with aminosalicylates, immunosuppressants, biologics, antibiotics. About 60% of Crohn’s Disease is treated with surgical interventions.
Irritable bowel syndrome affects the large intestine. Causative factors underlying IBS are bacterial and viral infections resulting in diarrhea, muscle contractions in the intestine, changes of microflora in the gut. Symptoms associated with IBS are abdominal pain, diarrhea, changes in bowel movements, constipation.
Food, stress, hormones are the causative triggers of IBS symptoms. IBS is diagnosed by colonoscopy, upper endoscopy, stool tests, blood tests, and tests for lactose intolerance. IBS treatment is managed by lifestyle changes and medication.
Related Journals of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Journal of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology European Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, Digestive Diseases and Sciences.