Business and Economics Journal

ISSN: 2151-6219

Open Access

Article in Press

Volume 12, Issue 1 (2021)

    Research Pages: 1 - 6

    Impact of Farmer Fields Schools on Technical Efficiency of Tobacco growers: A Case Study of District Swabi Pakistan

    Mubassir Zubair, Nasrullah and Robina Karim

    Tobacco is one of the agricultural commodities which is widely produced around the world. In Pakistan out of all the provinces, KPK is famous for tobacco production and particularly district Swabi for the production of the Flue Cured Virginia tobacco; as its agronomic and environmental conditions are suitable for its production. In agriculture sector the improvements in efficiency and introduction of new technology can enhance productivity. Agricultural productivity in the short-term can be enhanced by improvements in efficiency as the acquisition rate of new technology is quite low in Pakistan. The Farmer Field School (FFS) approach is one of the ways to improve the efficiency in agriculture sector. Hence the study is conducted to examine the effect of FFS on efficiency of tobacco growers in the district Swabi. Using the stochastic production frontier approach and propensity score matching technique, the study revealed that FFS played a significant role in enhancing the efficiency of tobacco farmers in Swabi. That is, the tobacco production of the Treated group was significantly greater than that of the Control group. This difference in the efficiency was accountable to the extension visit which is a source of knowledge dissemination among the farmers. 

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 3

    Mini-Review on Optimal Capitalization and Deposit Insurance Strategies with Regard Moral Hazard

    Hong Mao

    In this article, we make a brief review of the paper. We focus on discussion the objective function we establish and why we use minimizing total social loss rather than total loss of insured banks as the objective. We also summarize our numerical analysis and illustrate what we find.

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