International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences

ISSN: 2162-6359

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 10, Issue 4 (2021)

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

    The Image Influence, Service Quality and Opinion Leadership on Students ' Decision of Choosing Study Programs through Word of Mouth and Customer Value

    Kurniawan Gogi*

    DOI: 10.37421/2162-6359.2021.10.588

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect image, service quality and opinion leadership on students’ decision of choosing study programs through word of mouth (WOM) and customer value. The population in 13 undergraduate students in the Management Study Program with a "B" accreditation in Surabaya, with sample is 192 respondents. The model used in this study was tested with a research instrument using the Structural Equation Model. Based on the results of testing using SEM analysis, the following conclusions can be drawn: The image has a significant effect on student decisions in choosing a management study program through Word of Mouth. The image has significant effect on student decisions in choosing a management study program through customer value. Service quality has a significant effect on student decisions in choosing a management study program through Word of Mouth. Service quality has a significant effect on student decisions in choosing management study programs through customer value. Opinion leadership has a significant effect on student decisions in choosing management study programs through Word of Mouth. Opinion leadership affects student decisions in choosing management study programs through customer value. Opinion leadership affects student decisions in choosing management study programs through customer value.

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Short Communication on the Tunisian Exchange Regime a Decade after the Revolution

    Mohamed Bouabidi*

    DOI: 10.37421/2162-6359.2021.10.589

    Over the decade following the revolution, the IMF annual reports on exchange arrangements and exchange restrictions show that the Tunisian de facto exchange regime is not compliant with the de jure regime announced by the Tunisian authority. The latter claims a floating regime, except in 2013-2015, whereas the International Monetary Fund (IMF) states that it is a rather crawl-like regime, except in 2017. This discrepancy between the real and the official exchange regime is neither new nor specific to Tunisia. The IMF was aware of it and it has adopted a de facto classification since 1999. Nevertheless, this dichotomy is a bit surprising for Tunisia for the next reason: Tunisia has experienced a revolution that ended in early 2011 a dictatorship regime and established a democratic political regime supposed to be more accountable and more transparent. This controversy raises an important question: The exchange regime dichotomy stated by the IMF, does it really exist despite the transition toward democracy, or it is only an allegation that can be attributed to the inaccurate verification technique used by the IMF? In this context, the Tunisian de facto exchange regime over the postrevolution decade. The paper can be reduced to two main parts. The first part summarizes the theoretical explanations of the divergence between the de facto exchange regime and the de jure exchange regime. The second part consists of empirical verification of the Tunisian exchange regime by using descriptive statistics and econometric models.

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Short Communication on The Role of Internal Marketing in Korea's Public Medical Sector

    Hui Sun, Park Ju-Young, Park Ju-Young and Wee Kuk-Hoan*

    DOI: 10.37421/2162-6359.2021.10.591

    This paper discusses how the concept of internal marketing (IM) can be applied to achieve a competitive advantage within the public medical sector in Korea. We suggested that internal marketing is a fundamental key factor in obtaining an organization's competitive advantage. We specifically examine relationships between IM, self-efficacy, internal customer satisfaction, service innovation, internal service quality, and competitive advantage. Based on the results, we suggest some academic and practical implications.

    Perspective Article Pages: 1 - 2

    On-Linearity between Exchange and Prices in Brazil and Implications for an Economic Development Strategy: Perspective

    Mateus Ramalho Ribeiro Da Fonseca*

    DOI: 10.37421/2162-6359.2021.10.590

    Among the various monetary policy transmission channels, the exchange rate stands out as one of the most important, which has been widely documented in the Brazilian economic literature in recent decades? In fact, after the change to the floating exchange rate regime and the respective introduction of the Inflation Targeting Regime (RMI) in Brazil in mid-1999, the exchange rate showed considerable variability, reaching more than R $ 4.00, as in 2002 and 2015, for example, or even close to R$ 1.50, as occurred in the years 2007 and 2011. In response to domestic events with emphasis on changes in the basic interest rate in compliance inflation targets either due to external shocks, changing perceptions about the direction of the economy generally implied greater or lesser willingness for foreign capital to enter, especially in the short term, contributing to the volatility of this fundamental price of the Brazilian economy.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

    COVID-19 and the Inclination towards Online Shopping of Retailer Clothing Brands

    Daniyal Fareed

    This research focuses on the effect of COVID-19 lockdown on local clothing brands. The primary aim of this study is to emphasize on the shifting from traditional style of doing business towards doing business online. The nature of research was quantitative and the information was collected through research articles, blogs and different websites as a secondary source, and the primary sources were the representatives of different online shopping portals, consumers and the sample size for the study is 265 and SPSS was used to do the analysis of the data

    Volume 10, Issue 5 (2021)

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

      The Effect of Oil Real Price on the Real Exchange Rate: A Case Study of OPEC Member Countries

      Leila Torki, Ameneh Khoshbakht and Hossein Khandaniand

      Varying price ratio of tradable and non-tradable goods can change the bilateral exchange rates and the value of the national currency in accordance with the country’s economic structure. Increase of the oil price as a strategic commodity without replacement leads to enhancing of the national currency value of the major Petroleum Exporting Countries against the universal currencies such dollar. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of oil price on the real exchange rate of the Petroleum Exporting Countries OPEC using dynamic pooled mean group patterns (PMG) and mean group (MG). Based on these patterns results, the long-term positive relationship between real oil prices and the value of the national currency of Petroleum Exporting Countries against the dollar was approved; on the other hands, sensitivity of the real exchange rate against the real oil prices depending on the model used was estimated between -0.01 and -0.02, respectively. Also in the current study, the effect of increasing productivity of the tradable sector on the surveyed countries national currency was not significant in less developed countries compared to the developed countries (Balassa and Samuelson effect)

      Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

      Financial Performance and Environmental Protection Agency Penalties: Commentary

      Jorge A. Romero

      The impact of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) penalties on financial performance has not been explored in detail, and more empirical research in the area is needed. One empirical study looked at the impact of EPA penalties on earnings. They found that higher EPA penalties lead to lower earnings, therefore having an additional negative financial impact on the firm and forcing firms to behave more responsibly in environmental matters

      Mini Review Article Pages: 1 - 2

      Marxian Rate of Exploitation and Keynesian Income Determination: A Mini Review

      Mario De Marchi

      In this article (developing a previous contribution on the analyses by Marx and Sraffa) it is suggested that, when one tries to integrate the surplus approach with the Keynesian perspective, an ideal choice is to take as given circumstance the rate of labor exploitation rather than wage. The reason for this decision rests on the features of Sraffa’s Standard Commodity in the context of joint production, a technological-economical setting which in turn, it is argued, cannot be neglected as a special, unusual and, perhaps, prima facie negligible case but is and has always been the normal condition for economic systems.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

      Interaction among Energy Consumption, Growth and Environment in Ethiopian Economy

      Girma Mulugeta Emeru

      Energy consumption in Ethiopia has been the lowest compared to several developing countries. The country needs to diversify its energy sector and develop other energy sources such as wind, geothermal and solar. The present energy mix greatly increases vulnerability to climate change and the poorest segment of the population is the most vulnerable. Recognizing that formulation of sound economic development and environmental sustainability policy needs knowing the relationship among energy use, economic growth and environmental quality. This paper provides a comprehensive review of “Interaction among Energy Consumption, Growth and Environment in Ethiopian Economy”. Finally, this paper helps the researchers as well as the government officials to find pin point unforeseen issues that need to be considered while planning development policy regarding energy along with proposing recommendations.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

      Relationship between Power Energy Consumption, FDI and Economic Growth: A Case Study of Pakistan

      Saddam Hussain and Chunjiao Yu

      This study investigates the causal relationship between power energy consumption, FDI and Economic growth in Pakistan using time series data from 1965 to 2019. Johansen co-integration test is employed for finding out relationship and Granger causality test is used to find the direction of causality amongst the variables used. The results Granger test of causality finds unidirectional causality from FDI to GDP growth, a unidirectional causality relationship running from GDP growth toward power energy consumption and from foreign direct investment toward economic growth. Foreign Direct Investment has positive impact on the economic growth and economic growth stimulate energy consumption, so indirectly energy consumption is enhanced with the expansion of FDI, hence the government should pay full attentions to the security of foreign investors and enhance the energy production in order to enhance the economic growth of Pakistan.

      Volume 10, Issue 2 (2021)


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