Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

ISSN: 2165-8064

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 12, Issue 5 (2022)

    Volume 13, Issue 3 (2022)

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

      PLGA Copolymer Synthesis and Nanofabrication by Electro and Melt Spinning

      Savita H Bansode*, Priyanka Vasant Khare and PA Mahanwar

      DOI: 10.37421/2165-8064.2022.12.501

      Polylactic Glycolic Acid (PLGA) is most important polymer in biomedical applications because we can modify the degradation rate by copolymerization ratio, processing. The ideal scaffold should be three dimensional, highly porous, biodegradable and biocompatible without immune reaction or inflammation. In addition, it should have proper mechanical properties to support the growth of new tissue. Increased in the use of electrospinning nanofiber technique to create nanofiber scaffold for tissue engineering, as there are reports that these scaffolds successfully promote to cell matrix and cell-cell interactions with the cells of human body. Now days, success have been achieved in skin, bladder, airway, bone, kidney where tissue engineering construct has been successfully used.

      PLGA synthesis done by convectional method, with study of various parameter such as time, temperature, monomer and catalyst ration. PLGA can be synthesized by polycondensation (convectional) method at 130°C, for 25 hours. Important characteristics such as melting temperature, glass transition temperature, and degradation temperature was determined by DSC and TGA analysis, it was obtained as 168.44°C, 55.76°C and 87.61°C respectively. Chemical structure was studied by FTIR and NMR. These results helped to study the effect of monomer, catalyst on reaction and determining the parameters for melt and electro spinning. Because of good biocompatibility and biodegradability, they can be used in various areas, such as long-term release systems and the tissue engineering.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 7


      B Anitha*

      DOI: 10.37421/2165-8064.2022.12.502

      Textile enterprise has protracted records of being thrifty with its resources; a massive share of useless waste remains produced every year. Commercially, fabric waste era is encouraged with the aid of using the manufacturing of fabric goods. The textile Industry makes use of first rate portions of non-renewable resources, comprising petroleum, extracted to manufacture garments which are used simplest for a moderate time frame and undergoes landfill or incineration. Wet processing approach that contain dyeing, finishing, printing, etc. initiate toxic emissions. Spinning of yarns and weaving/knitting of fabric most usually rely upon fossil power use, inflicting emissions consisting of CO and greenhouse emissions. Water use, toxic chemical compounds and waste are the principle environmental problems confronted with the aid of using the fabric enterprise. In this paper, it's far cautioned the opportunity approaches for land fill and incineration primarily based totally on upcycling and recycling of the fabric products.

      Volume 13, Issue 2 (2023)

        Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

        Novel Interaction for Covering Fabric Materials with Silver to Get Ready Antimicrobial Textures

        Sataev Perni*

        DOI: 10.37421/2165-8064.2023.13.531

        In recent years, the demand for antimicrobial fabrics has surged due to growing concerns about the spread of infectious diseases and the need for enhanced hygiene measures. To meet this demand, researchers have developed a novel process for coating textile materials with silver, which has proven to be highly effective in preparing antimicrobial fabrics. Traditionally, silver has been recognized for its potent antimicrobial properties, making it an ideal candidate for textile coatings. However, previous methods of applying silver to fabrics were often cumbersome, limited in effectiveness, or posed environmental concerns. This new process aims to overcome these limitations and provide a reliable and sustainable solution. The first step in this innovative coating process involves the creation of a silver nanoparticle suspension. By reducing the silver particles to nanoscale, their surface area increases significantly, enhancing their antimicrobial effectiveness. Additionally, this nanoparticle suspension can be prepared using eco-friendly and cost-effective methods, minimizing environmental impact.

        Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

        Utilizations of Improvements Touchy Materials in Shrewd Materials

        Sanchi Arora*

        DOI: 10.37421/2165-8064.2023.13.530

        Textile materials have been widely used in various industrial sectors for their versatility and durability. They have been traditionally used for clothing and fashion accessories, but in recent years, there has been a growing interest in utilizing textile materials for composites. A composite material is made up of two or more distinct materials that, when combined, produce a material with unique properties that are superior to the individual components. Textile materials offer several advantages over other materials when used in composites, such as high strength, flexibility, and lightweight. In this article, we will discuss the application of textile materials in composites. Textile materials are classified into two categories: natural and synthetic. Natural textile materials are obtained from animals and plants. Examples of natural textile materials include cotton, silk, wool, and flax. Synthetic textile materials, on the other hand, are made from chemical processes. Examples of synthetic textile materials include polyester, nylon, and acrylic. Both natural and synthetic textile materials can be used in composites, depending on the application.

        Perspective Pages: 1 - 2

        Textile Materials Functional Finishing and its Psychological Aspects

        Swati Chowhan*

        DOI: 10.37421/2165-8064.2023.13.529

        Functional finishing of textile materials refers to the process of treating fabrics to provide them with additional properties beyond their basic structural and aesthetic characteristics. This can include adding features such as moisture-wicking, antimicrobial, or flame-retardant properties, or improving the fabric’s durability and resistance to wear and tear. Functional finishing can also be used to modify the texture and hand feel of fabrics, making them softer or stiffer as required. In addition to the practical benefits of functional finishing, there are also psychological aspects that come into play. One of the most significant psychological aspects of functional finishing is the impact it can have on a person’s perception of the fabric. For example, adding moisture-wicking properties to a fabric can make it feel cooler and more comfortable to wear, even in hot and humid conditions. This can be particularly important in sports and outdoor activities, where comfort and performance are essential. Similarly, adding antimicrobial properties to a fabric can make it feel cleaner and fresher, reducing the potential for unpleasant odours and bacteria build-up.

        Opinion Pages: 1 - 2

        Study of the Photochromic Pigment that is used in Smart Textile Fabric

        Sataev Perni*

        DOI: 10.37421/2165-8064.2023.13.532

        The investigation of photochromic pigments used for smart textile fabrics has emerged as a fascinating area of research and development in recent years. Photochromic pigments possess the remarkable ability to change color when exposed to specific wavelengths of light, offering unique possibilities for creating dynamic and interactive textile surfaces. In this investigation, researchers aim to explore the characteristics, performance, and applications of photochromic pigments in the context of smart textile fabrics. The first step involves a comprehensive study of different types of photochromic pigments available in the market. These pigments can be organic or inorganic compounds that undergo reversible chemical reactions when exposed to light, resulting in a change in color. By understanding the chemical composition and behaviour of these pigments, researchers can determine their suitability for integration into textile materials. The investigation also focuses on the performance aspects of photochromic pigments in textile applications. Factors such as color change efficiency, response time, and durability are evaluated to ensure that the pigments meet the desired requirements for practical use. Researchers examine the effect of different fabric parameters, such as fiber type, weave structure, and surface treatments, on the photochromic behaviour of the pigments. This analysis helps in optimizing the textile substrate to enhance the performance and stability of the photochromic effect.

        Volume 11, Issue 2 (2021)

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          pioneering technologies, and improved understanding of textile materials

          Taher Kaddar

          JTSE introduces pioneering technologies, and improved understanding of textile materials, processes, chemistry and systems. It will encourage interdisciplinary research which will share newly developed technology, theory and techniques in the fashion and textile industries in the field of Fashion Technology - includes research in fashion design, pattern cutting, apparel production and manufacturing technology and in Textile Engineering deals with all activities and methods which are involved in the process of textile manufacturing. It is concerning to the design and organize of the fiber, apparel and textile process, machinery and products. This journal is main aims to publish including the all topics of fashion technology and textile engineering by the form of all type of articles, Books and video articles to reach the fashion world.

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          In order to address the needs of the current Covid-19 Pandemic

          Prof. Changguo Wang

          In order to address the needs of the current Covid-19 Pandemic for a safe face mask that can be worn for everyday wear published scientific

          Research was culled and utilized in the design and materials for creating the Homemade with Love (HWL) filtered cloth mask.

          Researchers from the Argonne National Laboratory at the University of Chicago in the United States reported that high thread counts 100 percent

          Plain woven cotton or cotton blends, along with a combination of layering of different fabrics, with electrostatic-based filtration produces a mask

          That can block “a vast majority of aerosol particles.” The HWL facemask meets the researcher’s findings, and it is compliant with the Center for

          Disease Control (CDC) guidelines for homemade masks .

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          The two Categories of leather alternatives

          Stephen J Russell

          The two Categories of leather alternatives included Vegan Leather (mostly made with plastic coatings) and Eco-Friendly Leather alternative (materials that

          Are “good” for the environment).

          With a convenience sample (N=11) of fashion design students/consumers, data was collected via questionnaire with open and closed-ended

          Questions, including questions about the participant’s knowledge and experience with purchasing leather and leather alternative products. Their

          Knowledge of leather processing was also questioned.

          The key results were that participants had various perspectives and attitudes about using leather and leather alternatives. Most had not heard of

          More than one of the eco-friendly leather alternatives that was listed on the questionnaire and most did not have knowledge of the leather producing

          Process. Those who had taken textiles courses previously stated that they covered leather and/or its alternatives either very little or not at all.

          The findings have implications for various stakeholders including leather alternative manufacturers, fashion programs and instructors, textbook

          Producers and retail establishments. A need was discovered to define specific terms to explain the differences between leather alternatives that

          Use plastic toxins vs. leather alternatives that were better for the environment. Leather alternative terms were used interchangeably which could

          Confuse consumers with what they were actually purchasing.

          The conclusion was that leather alternative manufacturers could use these findings to see the need to better educate their consumers. Some of

          The education that could be included is exposure to specifics about their products in terms of construction and components used in relationship to

          Environmental and sustainability concerns. This specific information is not widely available to consumers and more education is necessary

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          Pleating is a sophisticated fabric manipulation

          Xiaogang Chen

          Pleating is a sophisticated fabric manipulation that has been practiced for thousands of years. In his 2016 exhibition ‘Manus X Machina’, Andrew Bolton listed pleating as an important couture technique along with embroidery, leather work and other garment production techniques. How pleating advances with technology and the new way to pleat have become issues in the garment production industry. Workshop preparation offers an opportunity to locate the study in a nonformal ‘laboratory’ condition in which concepts are challenged, presented and examined. Through working with the local community and a design professional in higher education, this research searches for unconventional perspectives from conducting experiments in academic and non-academic contexts and inspirations for future study

          Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

          Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

          Mazeyar Parvinzadeh Gashti

           Journal of Textile Science & Engineering is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering high quality manuscripts both relevant and applicable to the broad field of textile science with special emphasis on original research findings relevant for developing country.


          The objective of this journal is to maintain and develop science and related research at an international level. In order to achieve this, it is important to bring into light about textile science & engineering, applied arts, color science, fashion technology, material sciences, medical textile, textile design, textile engineering, textile science, fiber engineering, finishing, dyeing, apparel, nonwoven, leather.

          Volume 11, Issue 3 (2021)

            Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

            Adsorption of Reactive Dyes from Textile Wastewater Using Corn Stalk Activated Carbon

            Robel Legese Meko

            Extensive use of synthetic dyes in textile industry has created a major pollution problem. Among various treatments, adsorption has been considered as a better process due to its effectiveness of removing color from wastewater. In this present work, the efficiency of activated carbon prepared from corn stalk for removal of reactive dye from textile wastewater was studied. Corn stalk was chemically activated with KOH, followed by carbonizing in a muffle furnace. The carbonized corn stalk was characterized by SEM and FTIR spectroscopy. Adsorption of three reactive dyes were carried out by preparing dye samples in laboratory and taking dye wastewater from BDTSC. Adsorption was carried out under the control of three different factors namely contact time, adsorbent dosage and pH. Optimum time, pH and adsorbent dosage for adsorption process were found to be 60 minutes, 3.8 pH and 4 g/L respectively. Using those optimum operating parameters, the adsorption capacity of prepared activated carbon for Reactive yellow-145, Reactive red-2, Reactive blue-19 and wastewater taken from BDTSC was 96.9%, 95.5%, 97.1% and 88% respectively. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models were used to simulate the equilibrium data for the adsorption process. The result indicates that the adsorption process best fits with Freundlich isotherm. The produce activated carbon was also shown a reduction of BOD, COD, TDS, TSS and turbidity.

            Research Pages: 1 - 1

            Preparation and Characterization of Polypropylene Nonwoven fabric incorporated Silica Aerogel Composite dried in Ambient Pressure Drying Method

            Kazi Md Hasanul Hoque

            In recent times, sustainable ecofriendly thermo-insulation materials which are flexible and mechanically robust have grabbed worldwide remark. Nonwoven fabric and aerogel have complementary characteristics needed for desirable thermal insulation. In this research, silica aerogel/polypropylene (PP) nonwoven fabric composite with desirable properties was synthesized via a two-step sol-gel process through immersing the PP nonwoven fabric into silica sol. After in situ gelation, silica phase was hydrophobized with hexamethyldisilazane, and the composites were dried at ambient pressure method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), DSC, TGA were used for the characterization of the composites. The contact angle and heat conducting performance of the composites were also determined. The results show that silica aerogel particles were efficiently covered the surface of the PP non-woven fabric and completely filled the micron size pores of the nonwoven fabric leading to a stronger hydrophobicity and higher thermal insulation performance in the aerogel composite. The findings in this study are significant and can be used for further research in aerogel-treated nonwoven fabrics.

            Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

            The Role of Binders and Its Chemistry in Textile Pigment Printing

            Asaye Dessie,Bezaneh Eshetu

            This review paper presents the chemistry of binders and their action in pigment printing of cellulosic textile substrate.  Printing of textile materials is probably best described as an industrial art, having a long history and an assured future. Textile printing is the most versatile and important of the methods used for introducing color and design to textile fabrics. In pigment printing, insoluble pigments, which have no affinity for fibers, are fixed on to the fibers with binding agents or binders.  In textile printing, dyes or pigment are transferred to textile fabric by printing pastes. Binders are the mechanism used to keep the color on the fabric when using pigments for printing textiles. The choice of binders will always depend upon the final fastness requirements as well as the cost requirements of the process. Almost all the binders used in textile pigment printing are the addition polymerization products. The binder is a film forming substance made up of long chain macromolecules, which when applied to the textile together with the pigment , produce a three dimensionally network. Different binders were also developed for the purpose, resulting finally in the use of water- in-oil, and oil-in-water emulsions. This greatly accelerated the use of pigments in textile printing and then pigments have become major coloring matters used in printings. This paper review gives more emphasis on the need and functions of binder in pigment printing and also the chemistry of binders and its action in fixation of the pigment onto the textile substrate.

            Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

            Rare earth salts mediated improved rubbing fastness for Indigo dye

            Padma S Vankar, Archana Gangwar

            Indigo dye though rich in blue colour has poor affinity for cellulose cannot penetrate too well and thus it mostly remains at the surface of the fabric after dyeing. This phenomenon is called ring dyeing. Such ring-dyed materials have poor rubbing fastness towards dry and wet test methods. Our objective in this paper has been to use rare earth (RE) salts to overcome the rubbing fastness problem. The RE metals used in this research work are Cerous sulphate, Lanthanum chloride and Yttrium chloride.

            Review Pages: 1 - 6


            Kumar Vijay, Kumawat Nitesh, Ramawat Yashawant, Sharma Ankur

            Nosocomial Infections are a more common health issue in each health care setting across the worldwide. Pathogenic flora spread throughout medical and surgical care facilities on surfaces and uniforms, contributing to damage both of human life and money. These issue turn into worse still after increase of drug resistance in most of the strains, which is rendering the broadspectrum antibiotic more powerless. So we require another ways instead of antibiotics. Precious metal is also a key role in great antibacterial and antimicrobial agents such as gold, silver and copper, which have superb antimicrobial properties. Gold or silver are more expensive for use against infection as compare to copper. Copper is good option that we can use in view of cost as well as copper having very good at killing power for pathogenic flora.

            Volume 11, Issue 4 (2021)

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Citations: 906

Journal of Textile Science & Engineering received 906 citations as per Google Scholar report

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