Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

ISSN: 2165-8064

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 11, Issue 4 (2021)

    Research Pages: 1 - 7

    Development of High Count Repurposed Yarns from Pre Consumer Textile Waste

    Ananya Mitra Pramanik , Anjali Agrawal

    Currently, pre consumer wastes are used to create low count repurposed yarns (RY) which has a limited usage in the floor covering industry. A previous research paper had established that there was a need to reduce the thickness of the existing repurposed yarns (RY) to increase its usage. Therefore, the objective of this present study was to undertake design intervention on the existing RY to change its count. Wider usage of RY can divert maximum pre-consumer textile waste from reaching the landfills. The count of the existing RY procured from Bhadohi was 0.23Ne which was made finer by using the manual spinning method. The methodology used in this study was of practice based research through which solutions were designed in the existing repurposed yarns to create higher count yarns and hence, make it suitable for generic end use. Two different counts of yarns were created in this research study, which were then characterized for their tensile strength, wash, and rub and perspiration fastness. The results of the characterization were compared to the existing RY. The modified repurposed yarns (MRY) were found to be 0.44Ne and 0.98Ne count which was much higher than the existing yarns. The tenacity of the yarns was mostly found to be improved in comparison to the existing RY yarns. Fastness properties of the yarns were also found improved in comparison to the existing yarns.

    Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

    Nano science and technology research

    Taher Kaddar

    Most of us involved with textiles recognize the tremendous progress that is being made in nano textile science and engineering over the last decade. Journal of Textile Science & Engineering (JTESE) has been promoting this important research area with papers and editorials in the past, but more needs to be done. There is a large body of textiles related nano research that is suitable and indeed encouraged by the JTESE in nano coatings and membranes for high performance clothing for example, functionalisation of nano fibres and mats, medical nano textiles such as smart dressings, slow release and others. Nanotechnology deals with the creation of functional materials, devices and systems through the control of matter at the 1–100 nm scale or to put it in context about 80,000 the size of the human hair. For the first time material scientists have the opportunity to design and engineer materials and devices by the “bottom up” so-called approach, by manipulation of matter near the atomic scale and as such having the opportunity to be in precise control of their behavior. It is therefore revolutionizing this multidisciplinary field which marries together the fundamental sciences of physics, chemistry and biology

    Review Pages: 1 - 3

    The effect of long time wears on thermal comfort properties of various parts of denim trousers

    Lubos Hes1 Marie Manákova1 Olga Paraska

    In this paper, thermal comfort parameters of various parts of selected standard denim trousers subject to 2 years of daily wearing are experimentally investigated, both under dry and wet state. The study is based on the use of fast testing instruments, which require small testing samples and quick measurement. From the study, it is inferred that wearing of denim trouser really changes the properties, some of them negatively, but the affected areas are small

    Opinion Pages: 1 - 2

    Unique research and development for fibers and Textiles on an industrial scale

    Melina Sachtleben1 Robert Brüll2 Franz Pursche3

    The “Technical Fibres” division of the Institut für Textiltechnik of the RWTH Aachen University (ITA) is already developing innovative fibers of tomorrow today. As the world’s leading contact for industry- oriented research in mono- and multifilament melt spinning, the department is the main source for information on process optimization, digitization, material development, recycling and fictionalization

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 3

    The roles of data analytics in the fashion industry

    Keunyoung Oh

    The importance of data has been gradually acknowledged by fashion professionals to improve sales and margins because fashion brands and retailers need to develop, manufacture, and sell styles that resonate with consumers. Lately, advancements in data analytics, machine learning, and computing power, the value of utilizing artificial intelligence (AI)-based software or applications has been well acknowledged by fashion brans and retailers who want to apply a data-driven decision-making approach to develop more efficient fashion design, merchandising, and marketing strategies. In this research, it is intended to review the roles and importance of data analytics in the fashion merchandising process. AI-powered data analytics applications or services that are currently available in the fashion industry are also introduced. Finally, a need for developing courses or programs focusing on fashion- specific data analytics in higher education is addressed as more and more fashion brands and retailers are trying to hire fashion data analysts. Collaboration with technology partners who are providing AI-powered data analytics services to fashion brands and retailers is needed to educate fashion students with practical knowledge and skills

    Volume 11, Issue 5 (2021)

      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

      Analytical method using gamma functions for determining areas of power elliptical shapes for use in geometrical textile models

      F. Gommer a1, L.P. Brown2, K.C.A. Wedgwood3

      Textile models are often assumed to have homogenous and well defined cross-sections. For these models, the use of a power elliptical cross-sectional shape has been found to be beneficial as different shapes can be created, e.g. lenticular, elliptical or rectangular, with a single function. The cross-sectional area of a power ellipse is usually determined numerically as the analytical determination of the cross-sectional area is not straightforward. This short communication presents an analytical solution for this shape.

      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

      SozioTex-Sociotechnical systems in the Textile Industry: Interdisciplinary Competence Build-up in Human-machine Interaction Facing Demographic Change

      Daniel Kerpen1, Jacqueline Lemm2, Adjan Hansen-Ampah1, Marco Saggiomo2, Mario Lohrer2 and Yves-Simon Gloy2

      High-wage countries are on the brink of change, due to social and technological effects. In this paper, we will first

      Give an outlook on both these effects concerning the German textile industry. Second, we will shortly describe the

      Interdisciplinary build-up of our research group which influences the way how we address our research issues.

      Finally, we will outline two prototypical applications that serve as demonstrators for further user tests and

      Subsequent developments.


      Short Communication Pages: 1 - 3

      Web-based Information System Services in a Textile Industry

      E S Soegoto1, R S Pamungkas2

      This purpose of this study is to rebuild a website in a major office of textile industry and be able to build a system which can be used there. The research method used in this paper was qualitative descriptive method, which is an actual or accurate systematic description or writing about facts, as well as the relation between phenomena in detail. This research method was used since the process of scientific research conducted was interpreting and explaining the data concerned with the situation that is happening in the Central Textile. The goal is to create a new system using that major office of textile industry website. And customers will find it easier and faster to perform business processes.

      Editor Note Pages: 1 - 1

      Fashion Practice

      Taher Kaddar1

      The landscape of research in fashion has blossomed over the last decades. A marked increase in academic debate and a burgeoning number of publications have begun to map the diversity, complexity, and breadth of fashion as simultaneously a major industry and a cultural medium, often dismissed as superficial and “merely” commerce. Fashion is by its complex nature multidisciplinary, comprising: design in both two and three dimensions, textile development, old and new technologies, crafts- man ship and artisan skills, business and production, marketing, promotion and consumption, global economics, material and visual culture, history, social anthropology, and so on.

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      Textile Science & Engineering

      Xiao gang Chen

      International journal of Textile Science & Engineering is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering high quality manuscripts both relevant and applicable to the broad field of textile science with special emphasis on original research findings relevant for developing country.


      The objective of this journal is to maintain and develop science and related research at an international level. In order to achieve this, it is important to bring into light about textile science & engineering, applied arts, color science, fashion technology, material sciences, medical textile, textile design, textile engineering, textile science, fiber engineering, finishing, dyeing, apparel, nonwoven, leather.


      Volume 11, Issue 6 (2021)

        Research Pages: 1 - 6


        Alemu Aduna* and Sakthivel Santhanem

        The application of textile products in functional area like sportswear has been increasing in last decade. The thermal properties of knitted fabric sample made up of polyester and cotton were studied for football sportswear. Six samples were manufactured, two were plain, two ribs and two are bi-layer interlock structures. Airflow and WVP (Water vapor permeability), thermal properties, and drying capacity of bi-layer knitted samples made up of polyester as the inner surface and cotton as the outer surface. The outcome indicates bi-layer samples with polyester as the inner surface and cotton as the outer surface having single(one) tuck point of replication is preferable for football wear. The thickness, structure and weight of the sample have great influence on the thermal comfort properties of bi-layer knitted fabrics. As thickness of the sample increases the thermal property, air permeability and drying ability decreases and higher absorbency. The results are discussed together with Statistical analysis system (SAS) test results at a 95% significance level.

        Research Pages: 1 - 6

        Evaluation & Analysis of Splice Strength of Ring Spun Yarn Produced from Different Types of Cotton Fibers

        MD. Monir Hossan, Md. Mahbubur Rahman, Md. Touhidul Islam*, Mr. Mohammad Ashraful Alam, Tanvir Mahmud and MD. Yamin Al Kakon

        Raw materials & their quality are known to be the most important factors which determine the quality of yarn. There are various properties which determine the quality of yarn; some of them are known to be the prominent properties of ring spun yarn. In this study some prominent properties of Ring spun yarn produced from different types of cotton fiber including splice strength, Imperfection Index, Yarn hairiness, yarn unevenness, yarn RKM, Elongation, CSP were investigated in detailed. For this purpose, yarns from three different cotton types like Ivory Coast, Mali & Cameron of having same count were undergo various tests to find out the better-quality yarn. Result showed that there was significant difference between the ring spun yarns with respect to various properties.

        Research Pages: 1 - 6

        Experimental Analysis on Comfort Characteristics of Polyester/Nylon Warp Knitted Spacer Fabric for Shoe Insole Application

        Alemu Aduna*, Sakthival Santhnam and Meseret Bogale

        The main purpose of the research is the development and analyzes the characteristics to increase the comfort for shoe insole application. Made of two separate fabric parts or layers, top and bottom and interlaced by yarns oriented in three dimensions, a warp-knitted spacer fabric is a real 3D fibrous structure. Therefore, in this research, warp knitted spacer fabrics used for shoe insole application were produced using polyester /nylon with Rachel double needle gauge of 28E, 6 guide bars. The spacer fabric characteristics were evaluated as per standard. The warp knitted spacer fabrics can replace the existing PU foam’s shoe insoles, made to have comfort, recyclable, and environmentally friend. Statistical Analysis System (SAS) software was used for analysis. The spacer fabrics have significant compressibility and porosity which result in good cushioning and permeability.

        Volume 11, Issue 7 (2021)

          Review Pages: 1 - 2

          Ongoing Advances in Jute Coloration

          Gokarneshan N*, Pachaiyappan KM, Kalaiselvi K and Mahalakshmi

          This purpose of this study is to rebuild a website in a major office of textile industry and be able to build a system which can be used there. The research method used in this paper was qualitative descriptive method, which is an actual or accurate systematic description or writing about facts, as well as the relation between phenomena in detail. This research method was used since the process of scientific research conducted was interpreting and explaining the data concerned with the situation that is happening in the Central Textile. The goal is to create a new system using that major office of textile industry website. And customers will find it easier and faster to perform business processes.

          Review Pages: 1 - 2

          Advances in Nano Fibrous Composites

          Gokarneshan N and Krishna Kumar V*

          The article audits some critical patterns being developed of Nano sinewy composites. Polymeric Nano fibers as quite possibly the most known nanotechnology items have tremendous expected applications in many fields because of their high perspective proportion and porosity, being fit for arrangement of three-dimensional designs and having incredible mechanical and natural properties.

          Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

          Smart Work Wear to Enhance Construction Workers?? Health and Safety in Hot Weather

          Albert PC Chan*

          Warmth stress might cause genuine wellbeing dangers to development laborers. The Hong Kong Observatory recorded ninth August as the most sizzling day in 2019 with the most noteworthy temperature of 35.1o C.

          Editor Note Pages: 1 - 2

          Novel Smart Textiles

          Xiaogang Chen*

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          Volume 11, Issue 8 (2021)

            Research Pages: 1 - 6

            Effect of Herbal Based Aluminium Nanoparticles on Anti-Microbial Property of Cotton Textiles

            Adnan Shikder

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            In house extraction of floral base Nano Particle (Al-NPS) was applied on cotton fabric by using padding technique. Zone of inhibition was used to identify the antibacterial property. In this present study, an endeavor was made to finish cotton textiles with herbal based aluminum nanoparticles with different ratios to impart the antimicrobial finishes. Aluminum Nanoparticle synthesized with plant source as core material and variation of concentration of leaf extracts with reducing agents has produced different ratios. The Al-Nps treatment with different percentage (4% & 5%) of herbal (Neem & Guava) base precursor was with different ratio 1:1, 2:1, 5:1 & 10:1 amplifying the antimicrobial & antifungal properties of the treated fabric. Pad dry curing was carried at 140â?? for 3mins. After that evaluated the antibacterial property, wash fastness property, geometrical parameters of the specimen with treated nanoparticles and untreated fabric by using qualitative method AATCC-147, 2004 for the growth of inhibition and AATCC-30, 2004 for antifungal activity. Antibacterial action was found to zero in knitted untreated fabric.

            Research Pages: 1 - 6

            Recycling of Cotton/Polyester Selvedge Waste to Produced Chemical Bonded Nonwovens for Functional Thermal Insulation Materials

            Meseret Bogale, Dr.Sakthivel S

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            This research study reports on thermal insulation properties of six samples made from recycled Cotton/Polyester selvedge waste for automotive interior applications. The selvedge waste recycled from cotton/ polyester fibers have a possible source of raw material that can be measured for thermal insulation purposes, but its amounts are limited. In the procedure of different-layer nonwoven sheets are prepared with a chemical bonding method. The entire samples were tested for thermal insulation according to their physical properties as per the ASTM and ISO standard. The thermal insulation properties were measured according to thermal conductive in solids Principle method, thermal insulation values on over six temperatures 0,50,100,150 and 200 (TIV) were calculated. The results showed that the nonwovens were made from recycled Cotton/polyester selvedge wastes have confirmed more than 75% of the thermal insulation application. The recycled waste cotton/ polyester selvedge nonwoven mats have satisfactory moisture resistance at high humidity situations without disturbing the insulation properties. From this research it is concluded that the nonwovens produced from 100% polyester and 50/50 C/P nonwovens shows that better thermal insulation performance.

            Research Pages: 1 - 6

            Comparative Study of Natural Antimicrobial Agent vs. Industrial Antimicrobial Agent

            MS. Shabana M.Bairagadar, MS Padmaja R. Patil

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            Recent market survey has quite convincingly shown that the apparel consumers all over the world have become more aware about hygiene and potentially harmful effects of microorganism and hence demand for antimicrobial finished clothing is increasing. The antimicrobial property of fabric is being considered to be an important and inevitable parameter for garments which are in direct contact with human body. Textile made up of natural fiber in contact with human body offer an ideal environment for microbial growth. Many commercial products are currently available in the market with different trade names are synthetic based and may not be ecofriendly. In this work ecofriendly natural antimicrobial finish has been prepared from plant extract for textile application. Herbal extract from neem, tulsi and aloe Vera have been applied individually and in combination on cotton and polyester fabric by method of application. All treatment has shown good antimicrobial activity for agar plate test. Amongst all neem gives good result. No significant changes in physical properties of treated sample observed. 

            Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

            Are Laundry and Dish Pods Biodegradable? Not Exactly

            Xiaogang Chen

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            The straightforwardness of snatching a clothing or dishwasher case and throwing it into the machine has settled on them a mainstream decision for some purchasers for almost 10 years. Cleanser and different fixings are bundled inside a dissolvable plastic covering called polyvinyl liquor, or PVA. This engineered polymer, utilized since the mid-1930s, is water-solvent and falls to pieces during the wash cycle, delivering the cleanser. Many organizations guarantee PVA is biodegradable. While it very well may be completely biodegradable, explicit conditions are required for it to totally biodegrade. These conditions are regularly neglected. Likewise, as it disintegrates upon contact with water, it can deliver ethylene, which is a petroleum derivative based compound. This got two Arizona State University scientists thinking about what befalls PVA when it arrives at wastewater treatment plants. "There are extremely severe conditions required for PVA to biodegrade, and this isn't met inside traditional water treatment in the U.S.," said Charlie Rolsky, co-first creator of another examination distributed in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. "We can take a gander at the writing and survey the amount PVA is separating, and in which part of the wastewater treatment plant. We can consolidate that with how much wastewater is created in the U.S. also, the number of these clothing and dish units are utilized in the U.S. every year. "At the point when we set up these pieces, we can project the amount PVA goes untreated and is delivered into the climate," said Rolsky, a postdoctoral scientist with the ASU Biodesign Center for Sustainable Macromolecular Material and Manufacturing. The investigation, distributed in June 2021, shows that as much as 75% of PVA goes untreated in the U.S. every year. That adds up to around 8,000 tons of the plastic material being delivered yearly onto land and into streams the nation over.

            Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

            MIT Smart Clothes: Tactile Textiles Sense Movement through Touch

            Xiaogang Chen

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            By estimating an individual's developments and stances, shrewd garments created at MIT CSAIL could be utilized for athletic preparing, recovery, or wellbeing observing for senior consideration offices.

            As of late there have been energizing forward leaps in wearable advancements, as smart watches that can screen your breathing and blood oxygen levels. However, shouldn't something be said about a wearable that can recognize how you move as you do an actual work or play a game, and might actually much offer criticism on the most proficient method to work on your procedure? Also, as a significant reward, imagine a scenario where the wearable were something you'd quite be wearing, similar to a shirt of a couple of socks. That is the thought behind another arrangement of MIT-planned apparel those utilization exceptional filaments to detect an individual's development by means of touch. In addition to other things, the specialists showed that their garments can really decide things like in case somebody is sitting, strolling, or doing specific stances. The gathering from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL) says that their garments could be utilized for athletic preparing and restoration. With patients' consent, they could even assistance latently screen the soundness of occupants in helped care offices and decide whether, for instance, somebody has fallen or is oblivious. The scientists have fostered a scope of models, from socks and gloves to a full vest. The group's "material hardware" utilizes a blend of more normal material filaments close by a modest quantity of uniquely designed useful strands that sense pressure from the individual wearing the article of clothing. As indicated by CSAIL graduate understudy Yiyue Luo, a critical benefit of the group's plan is that, not normal for some current wearable hardware, theirs can be joined into conventional enormous scope clothing creation. The machine-weaved material materials are delicate, stretchable, breathable, and can take a wide scope of structures. "Generally it's been difficult to foster a large scale manufacturing wearable that gives high-exactness information across countless sensors," says Luo, lead creator on another paper about the task that has been distributed in Nature Electronics. "At the point when you make heaps of sensor clusters, some of them won't work and some of them will work more regrettable than others, so we fostered a self-rectifying instrument that utilizes a self-directed AI calculation to perceive and change when certain sensors in the plan are misguided." The group's garments have a scope of abilities. Their socks anticipate movement by taking a gander at how various arrangements of material impressions correspond to various postures as the client changes starting with one posture then onto the next. The full-sized vest can likewise identify the wearers' posture, action, and the surface of the reached surfaces. The creators envision a mentor utilizing the sensor to break down individuals' stances and give ideas on progress. It could likewise be utilized by an accomplished competitor to record their stance so novices can gain from them. In the long haul, they even envision that robots could be prepared to figure out how to do various exercises utilizing information from the wearable’s. "Envision robots that are as of now not tactilely visually impaired, and that have 'skins' that can give material detecting actually like we have as people," says relating creator Wan Shou, a postdoc at CSAIL. "Attire with high-goal material detecting opens up a ton of energizing new application regions for scientists to investigate in the years to come.

            Volume 11, Issue 2 (2021)

              Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

              pioneering technologies, and improved understanding of textile materials

              Taher Kaddar

              JTSE introduces pioneering technologies, and improved understanding of textile materials, processes, chemistry and systems. It will encourage interdisciplinary research which will share newly developed technology, theory and techniques in the fashion and textile industries in the field of Fashion Technology - includes research in fashion design, pattern cutting, apparel production and manufacturing technology and in Textile Engineering deals with all activities and methods which are involved in the process of textile manufacturing. It is concerning to the design and organize of the fiber, apparel and textile process, machinery and products. This journal is main aims to publish including the all topics of fashion technology and textile engineering by the form of all type of articles, Books and video articles to reach the fashion world.

              Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

              In order to address the needs of the current Covid-19 Pandemic

              Prof. Changguo Wang

              In order to address the needs of the current Covid-19 Pandemic for a safe face mask that can be worn for everyday wear published scientific

              Research was culled and utilized in the design and materials for creating the Homemade with Love (HWL) filtered cloth mask.

              Researchers from the Argonne National Laboratory at the University of Chicago in the United States reported that high thread counts 100 percent

              Plain woven cotton or cotton blends, along with a combination of layering of different fabrics, with electrostatic-based filtration produces a mask

              That can block “a vast majority of aerosol particles.” The HWL facemask meets the researcher’s findings, and it is compliant with the Center for

              Disease Control (CDC) guidelines for homemade masks .

              Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

              The two Categories of leather alternatives

              Stephen J Russell

              The two Categories of leather alternatives included Vegan Leather (mostly made with plastic coatings) and Eco-Friendly Leather alternative (materials that

              Are “good” for the environment).

              With a convenience sample (N=11) of fashion design students/consumers, data was collected via questionnaire with open and closed-ended

              Questions, including questions about the participant’s knowledge and experience with purchasing leather and leather alternative products. Their

              Knowledge of leather processing was also questioned.

              The key results were that participants had various perspectives and attitudes about using leather and leather alternatives. Most had not heard of

              More than one of the eco-friendly leather alternatives that was listed on the questionnaire and most did not have knowledge of the leather producing

              Process. Those who had taken textiles courses previously stated that they covered leather and/or its alternatives either very little or not at all.

              The findings have implications for various stakeholders including leather alternative manufacturers, fashion programs and instructors, textbook

              Producers and retail establishments. A need was discovered to define specific terms to explain the differences between leather alternatives that

              Use plastic toxins vs. leather alternatives that were better for the environment. Leather alternative terms were used interchangeably which could

              Confuse consumers with what they were actually purchasing.

              The conclusion was that leather alternative manufacturers could use these findings to see the need to better educate their consumers. Some of

              The education that could be included is exposure to specifics about their products in terms of construction and components used in relationship to

              Environmental and sustainability concerns. This specific information is not widely available to consumers and more education is necessary

              Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

              Pleating is a sophisticated fabric manipulation

              Xiaogang Chen

              Pleating is a sophisticated fabric manipulation that has been practiced for thousands of years. In his 2016 exhibition ‘Manus X Machina’, Andrew Bolton listed pleating as an important couture technique along with embroidery, leather work and other garment production techniques. How pleating advances with technology and the new way to pleat have become issues in the garment production industry. Workshop preparation offers an opportunity to locate the study in a nonformal ‘laboratory’ condition in which concepts are challenged, presented and examined. Through working with the local community and a design professional in higher education, this research searches for unconventional perspectives from conducting experiments in academic and non-academic contexts and inspirations for future study

              Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

              Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

              Mazeyar Parvinzadeh Gashti

               Journal of Textile Science & Engineering is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering high quality manuscripts both relevant and applicable to the broad field of textile science with special emphasis on original research findings relevant for developing country.


              The objective of this journal is to maintain and develop science and related research at an international level. In order to achieve this, it is important to bring into light about textile science & engineering, applied arts, color science, fashion technology, material sciences, medical textile, textile design, textile engineering, textile science, fiber engineering, finishing, dyeing, apparel, nonwoven, leather.

              Volume 11, Issue 3 (2021)

                Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

                Adsorption of Reactive Dyes from Textile Wastewater Using Corn Stalk Activated Carbon

                Robel Legese Meko

                Extensive use of synthetic dyes in textile industry has created a major pollution problem. Among various treatments, adsorption has been considered as a better process due to its effectiveness of removing color from wastewater. In this present work, the efficiency of activated carbon prepared from corn stalk for removal of reactive dye from textile wastewater was studied. Corn stalk was chemically activated with KOH, followed by carbonizing in a muffle furnace. The carbonized corn stalk was characterized by SEM and FTIR spectroscopy. Adsorption of three reactive dyes were carried out by preparing dye samples in laboratory and taking dye wastewater from BDTSC. Adsorption was carried out under the control of three different factors namely contact time, adsorbent dosage and pH. Optimum time, pH and adsorbent dosage for adsorption process were found to be 60 minutes, 3.8 pH and 4 g/L respectively. Using those optimum operating parameters, the adsorption capacity of prepared activated carbon for Reactive yellow-145, Reactive red-2, Reactive blue-19 and wastewater taken from BDTSC was 96.9%, 95.5%, 97.1% and 88% respectively. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models were used to simulate the equilibrium data for the adsorption process. The result indicates that the adsorption process best fits with Freundlich isotherm. The produce activated carbon was also shown a reduction of BOD, COD, TDS, TSS and turbidity.

                Research Pages: 1 - 1

                Preparation and Characterization of Polypropylene Nonwoven fabric incorporated Silica Aerogel Composite dried in Ambient Pressure Drying Method

                Kazi Md Hasanul Hoque

                In recent times, sustainable ecofriendly thermo-insulation materials which are flexible and mechanically robust have grabbed worldwide remark. Nonwoven fabric and aerogel have complementary characteristics needed for desirable thermal insulation. In this research, silica aerogel/polypropylene (PP) nonwoven fabric composite with desirable properties was synthesized via a two-step sol-gel process through immersing the PP nonwoven fabric into silica sol. After in situ gelation, silica phase was hydrophobized with hexamethyldisilazane, and the composites were dried at ambient pressure method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), DSC, TGA were used for the characterization of the composites. The contact angle and heat conducting performance of the composites were also determined. The results show that silica aerogel particles were efficiently covered the surface of the PP non-woven fabric and completely filled the micron size pores of the nonwoven fabric leading to a stronger hydrophobicity and higher thermal insulation performance in the aerogel composite. The findings in this study are significant and can be used for further research in aerogel-treated nonwoven fabrics.

                Research Pages: 1 - 6

                The Role of Binders and Its Chemistry in Textile Pigment Printing

                Asaye Dessie,Bezaneh Eshetu

                This review paper presents the chemistry of binders and their action in pigment printing of cellulosic textile substrate.  Printing of textile materials is probably best described as an industrial art, having a long history and an assured future. Textile printing is the most versatile and important of the methods used for introducing color and design to textile fabrics. In pigment printing, insoluble pigments, which have no affinity for fibers, are fixed on to the fibers with binding agents or binders.  In textile printing, dyes or pigment are transferred to textile fabric by printing pastes. Binders are the mechanism used to keep the color on the fabric when using pigments for printing textiles. The choice of binders will always depend upon the final fastness requirements as well as the cost requirements of the process. Almost all the binders used in textile pigment printing are the addition polymerization products. The binder is a film forming substance made up of long chain macromolecules, which when applied to the textile together with the pigment , produce a three dimensionally network. Different binders were also developed for the purpose, resulting finally in the use of water- in-oil, and oil-in-water emulsions. This greatly accelerated the use of pigments in textile printing and then pigments have become major coloring matters used in printings. This paper review gives more emphasis on the need and functions of binder in pigment printing and also the chemistry of binders and its action in fixation of the pigment onto the textile substrate.

                Research Pages: 1 - 6

                Rare earth salts mediated improved rubbing fastness for Indigo dye

                Padma S Vankar, Archana Gangwar

                Indigo dye though rich in blue colour has poor affinity for cellulose cannot penetrate too well and thus it mostly remains at the surface of the fabric after dyeing. This phenomenon is called ring dyeing. Such ring-dyed materials have poor rubbing fastness towards dry and wet test methods. Our objective in this paper has been to use rare earth (RE) salts to overcome the rubbing fastness problem. The RE metals used in this research work are Cerous sulphate, Lanthanum chloride and Yttrium chloride.

                Review Pages: 1 - 6


                Kumar Vijay, Kumawat Nitesh, Ramawat Yashawant, Sharma Ankur

                Nosocomial Infections are a more common health issue in each health care setting across the worldwide. Pathogenic flora spread throughout medical and surgical care facilities on surfaces and uniforms, contributing to damage both of human life and money. These issue turn into worse still after increase of drug resistance in most of the strains, which is rendering the broadspectrum antibiotic more powerless. So we require another ways instead of antibiotics. Precious metal is also a key role in great antibacterial and antimicrobial agents such as gold, silver and copper, which have superb antimicrobial properties. Gold or silver are more expensive for use against infection as compare to copper. Copper is good option that we can use in view of cost as well as copper having very good at killing power for pathogenic flora.

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