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Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

ISSN: 2165-8064

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 11, Issue 4 (2021)

    Research Pages: 1 - 7

    Development of High Count Repurposed Yarns from Pre Consumer Textile Waste

    Ananya Mitra Pramanik , Anjali Agrawal

    Currently, pre consumer wastes are used to create low count repurposed yarns (RY) which has a limited usage in the floor covering industry. A previous research paper had established that there was a need to reduce the thickness of the existing repurposed yarns (RY) to increase its usage. Therefore, the objective of this present study was to undertake design intervention on the existing RY to change its count. Wider usage of RY can divert maximum pre-consumer textile waste from reaching the landfills. The count of the existing RY procured from Bhadohi was 0.23Ne which was made finer by using the manual spinning method. The methodology used in this study was of practice based research through which solutions were designed in the existing repurposed yarns to create higher count yarns and hence, make it suitable for generic end use. Two different counts of yarns were created in this research study, which were then characterized for their tensile strength, wash, and rub and perspiration fastness. The results of the characterization were compared to the existing RY. The modified repurposed yarns (MRY) were found to be 0.44Ne and 0.98Ne count which was much higher than the existing yarns. The tenacity of the yarns was mostly found to be improved in comparison to the existing RY yarns. Fastness properties of the yarns were also found improved in comparison to the existing yarns.

    Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

    Nano science and technology research

    Taher Kaddar

    Most of us involved with textiles recognize the tremendous progress that is being made in nano textile science and engineering over the last decade. Journal of Textile Science & Engineering (JTESE) has been promoting this important research area with papers and editorials in the past, but more needs to be done. There is a large body of textiles related nano research that is suitable and indeed encouraged by the JTESE in nano coatings and membranes for high performance clothing for example, functionalisation of nano fibres and mats, medical nano textiles such as smart dressings, slow release and others. Nanotechnology deals with the creation of functional materials, devices and systems through the control of matter at the 1–100 nm scale or to put it in context about 80,000 the size of the human hair. For the first time material scientists have the opportunity to design and engineer materials and devices by the “bottom up” so-called approach, by manipulation of matter near the atomic scale and as such having the opportunity to be in precise control of their behavior. It is therefore revolutionizing this multidisciplinary field which marries together the fundamental sciences of physics, chemistry and biology

    Review Pages: 1 - 3

    The effect of long time wears on thermal comfort properties of various parts of denim trousers

    Lubos Hes1 Marie Manákova1 Olga Paraska

    In this paper, thermal comfort parameters of various parts of selected standard denim trousers subject to 2 years of daily wearing are experimentally investigated, both under dry and wet state. The study is based on the use of fast testing instruments, which require small testing samples and quick measurement. From the study, it is inferred that wearing of denim trouser really changes the properties, some of them negatively, but the affected areas are small

    Opinion Pages: 1 - 2

    Unique research and development for fibers and Textiles on an industrial scale

    Melina Sachtleben1 Robert Brüll2 Franz Pursche3

    The “Technical Fibres” division of the Institut für Textiltechnik of the RWTH Aachen University (ITA) is already developing innovative fibers of tomorrow today. As the world’s leading contact for industry- oriented research in mono- and multifilament melt spinning, the department is the main source for information on process optimization, digitization, material development, recycling and fictionalization

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 3

    The roles of data analytics in the fashion industry

    Keunyoung Oh

    The importance of data has been gradually acknowledged by fashion professionals to improve sales and margins because fashion brands and retailers need to develop, manufacture, and sell styles that resonate with consumers. Lately, advancements in data analytics, machine learning, and computing power, the value of utilizing artificial intelligence (AI)-based software or applications has been well acknowledged by fashion brans and retailers who want to apply a data-driven decision-making approach to develop more efficient fashion design, merchandising, and marketing strategies. In this research, it is intended to review the roles and importance of data analytics in the fashion merchandising process. AI-powered data analytics applications or services that are currently available in the fashion industry are also introduced. Finally, a need for developing courses or programs focusing on fashion- specific data analytics in higher education is addressed as more and more fashion brands and retailers are trying to hire fashion data analysts. Collaboration with technology partners who are providing AI-powered data analytics services to fashion brands and retailers is needed to educate fashion students with practical knowledge and skills

    Volume 11, Issue 2 (2021)

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      pioneering technologies, and improved understanding of textile materials

      Taher Kaddar

      JTSE introduces pioneering technologies, and improved understanding of textile materials, processes, chemistry and systems. It will encourage interdisciplinary research which will share newly developed technology, theory and techniques in the fashion and textile industries in the field of Fashion Technology - includes research in fashion design, pattern cutting, apparel production and manufacturing technology and in Textile Engineering deals with all activities and methods which are involved in the process of textile manufacturing. It is concerning to the design and organize of the fiber, apparel and textile process, machinery and products. This journal is main aims to publish including the all topics of fashion technology and textile engineering by the form of all type of articles, Books and video articles to reach the fashion world.

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      In order to address the needs of the current Covid-19 Pandemic

      Prof. Changguo Wang

      In order to address the needs of the current Covid-19 Pandemic for a safe face mask that can be worn for everyday wear published scientific

      Research was culled and utilized in the design and materials for creating the Homemade with Love (HWL) filtered cloth mask.

      Researchers from the Argonne National Laboratory at the University of Chicago in the United States reported that high thread counts 100 percent

      Plain woven cotton or cotton blends, along with a combination of layering of different fabrics, with electrostatic-based filtration produces a mask

      That can block “a vast majority of aerosol particles.” The HWL facemask meets the researcher’s findings, and it is compliant with the Center for

      Disease Control (CDC) guidelines for homemade masks .

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      The two Categories of leather alternatives

      Stephen J Russell

      The two Categories of leather alternatives included Vegan Leather (mostly made with plastic coatings) and Eco-Friendly Leather alternative (materials that

      Are “good” for the environment).

      With a convenience sample (N=11) of fashion design students/consumers, data was collected via questionnaire with open and closed-ended

      Questions, including questions about the participant’s knowledge and experience with purchasing leather and leather alternative products. Their

      Knowledge of leather processing was also questioned.

      The key results were that participants had various perspectives and attitudes about using leather and leather alternatives. Most had not heard of

      More than one of the eco-friendly leather alternatives that was listed on the questionnaire and most did not have knowledge of the leather producing

      Process. Those who had taken textiles courses previously stated that they covered leather and/or its alternatives either very little or not at all.

      The findings have implications for various stakeholders including leather alternative manufacturers, fashion programs and instructors, textbook

      Producers and retail establishments. A need was discovered to define specific terms to explain the differences between leather alternatives that

      Use plastic toxins vs. leather alternatives that were better for the environment. Leather alternative terms were used interchangeably which could

      Confuse consumers with what they were actually purchasing.

      The conclusion was that leather alternative manufacturers could use these findings to see the need to better educate their consumers. Some of

      The education that could be included is exposure to specifics about their products in terms of construction and components used in relationship to

      Environmental and sustainability concerns. This specific information is not widely available to consumers and more education is necessary

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      Pleating is a sophisticated fabric manipulation

      Xiaogang Chen

      Pleating is a sophisticated fabric manipulation that has been practiced for thousands of years. In his 2016 exhibition ‘Manus X Machina’, Andrew Bolton listed pleating as an important couture technique along with embroidery, leather work and other garment production techniques. How pleating advances with technology and the new way to pleat have become issues in the garment production industry. Workshop preparation offers an opportunity to locate the study in a nonformal ‘laboratory’ condition in which concepts are challenged, presented and examined. Through working with the local community and a design professional in higher education, this research searches for unconventional perspectives from conducting experiments in academic and non-academic contexts and inspirations for future study

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

      Mazeyar Parvinzadeh Gashti

       Journal of Textile Science & Engineering is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering high quality manuscripts both relevant and applicable to the broad field of textile science with special emphasis on original research findings relevant for developing country.

       

      The objective of this journal is to maintain and develop science and related research at an international level. In order to achieve this, it is important to bring into light about textile science & engineering, applied arts, color science, fashion technology, material sciences, medical textile, textile design, textile engineering, textile science, fiber engineering, finishing, dyeing, apparel, nonwoven, leather.

      Volume 11, Issue 3 (2021)

        Research Pages: 1 - 6

        The Role of Binders and Its Chemistry in Textile Pigment Printing

        Asaye Dessie,Bezaneh Eshetu

        This review paper presents the chemistry of binders and their action in pigment printing of cellulosic textile substrate.  Printing of textile materials is probably best described as an industrial art, having a long history and an assured future. Textile printing is the most versatile and important of the methods used for introducing color and design to textile fabrics. In pigment printing, insoluble pigments, which have no affinity for fibers, are fixed on to the fibers with binding agents or binders.  In textile printing, dyes or pigment are transferred to textile fabric by printing pastes. Binders are the mechanism used to keep the color on the fabric when using pigments for printing textiles. The choice of binders will always depend upon the final fastness requirements as well as the cost requirements of the process. Almost all the binders used in textile pigment printing are the addition polymerization products. The binder is a film forming substance made up of long chain macromolecules, which when applied to the textile together with the pigment , produce a three dimensionally network. Different binders were also developed for the purpose, resulting finally in the use of water- in-oil, and oil-in-water emulsions. This greatly accelerated the use of pigments in textile printing and then pigments have become major coloring matters used in printings. This paper review gives more emphasis on the need and functions of binder in pigment printing and also the chemistry of binders and its action in fixation of the pigment onto the textile substrate.

        Research Pages: 1 - 6

        Rare earth salts mediated improved rubbing fastness for Indigo dye

        Padma S Vankar, Archana Gangwar

        Indigo dye though rich in blue colour has poor affinity for cellulose cannot penetrate too well and thus it mostly remains at the surface of the fabric after dyeing. This phenomenon is called ring dyeing. Such ring-dyed materials have poor rubbing fastness towards dry and wet test methods. Our objective in this paper has been to use rare earth (RE) salts to overcome the rubbing fastness problem. The RE metals used in this research work are Cerous sulphate, Lanthanum chloride and Yttrium chloride.

        Review Pages: 1 - 6

        COPPER-COATED UNIFORM FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL COULD HELP REDUCE CROSS INFECTION IN HOSPITALS

        Kumar Vijay, Kumawat Nitesh, Ramawat Yashawant, Sharma Ankur

        Nosocomial Infections are a more common health issue in each health care setting across the worldwide. Pathogenic flora spread throughout medical and surgical care facilities on surfaces and uniforms, contributing to damage both of human life and money. These issue turn into worse still after increase of drug resistance in most of the strains, which is rendering the broadspectrum antibiotic more powerless. So we require another ways instead of antibiotics. Precious metal is also a key role in great antibacterial and antimicrobial agents such as gold, silver and copper, which have superb antimicrobial properties. Gold or silver are more expensive for use against infection as compare to copper. Copper is good option that we can use in view of cost as well as copper having very good at killing power for pathogenic flora.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

        Adsorption of Reactive Dyes from Textile Wastewater Using Corn Stalk Activated Carbon

        Robel Legese Meko

        Extensive use of synthetic dyes in textile industry has created a major pollution problem. Among various treatments, adsorption has been considered as a better process due to its effectiveness of removing color from wastewater. In this present work, the efficiency of activated carbon prepared from corn stalk for removal of reactive dye from textile wastewater was studied. Corn stalk was chemically activated with KOH, followed by carbonizing in a muffle furnace. The carbonized corn stalk was characterized by SEM and FTIR spectroscopy. Adsorption of three reactive dyes were carried out by preparing dye samples in laboratory and taking dye wastewater from BDTSC. Adsorption was carried out under the control of three different factors namely contact time, adsorbent dosage and pH. Optimum time, pH and adsorbent dosage for adsorption process were found to be 60 minutes, 3.8 pH and 4 g/L respectively. Using those optimum operating parameters, the adsorption capacity of prepared activated carbon for Reactive yellow-145, Reactive red-2, Reactive blue-19 and wastewater taken from BDTSC was 96.9%, 95.5%, 97.1% and 88% respectively. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models were used to simulate the equilibrium data for the adsorption process. The result indicates that the adsorption process best fits with Freundlich isotherm. The produce activated carbon was also shown a reduction of BOD, COD, TDS, TSS and turbidity.

        Research Pages: 1 - 1

        Preparation and Characterization of Polypropylene Nonwoven fabric incorporated Silica Aerogel Composite dried in Ambient Pressure Drying Method

        Kazi Md Hasanul Hoque

        In recent times, sustainable ecofriendly thermo-insulation materials which are flexible and mechanically robust have grabbed worldwide remark. Nonwoven fabric and aerogel have complementary characteristics needed for desirable thermal insulation. In this research, silica aerogel/polypropylene (PP) nonwoven fabric composite with desirable properties was synthesized via a two-step sol-gel process through immersing the PP nonwoven fabric into silica sol. After in situ gelation, silica phase was hydrophobized with hexamethyldisilazane, and the composites were dried at ambient pressure method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), DSC, TGA were used for the characterization of the composites. The contact angle and heat conducting performance of the composites were also determined. The results show that silica aerogel particles were efficiently covered the surface of the PP non-woven fabric and completely filled the micron size pores of the nonwoven fabric leading to a stronger hydrophobicity and higher thermal insulation performance in the aerogel composite. The findings in this study are significant and can be used for further research in aerogel-treated nonwoven fabrics.

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