Journal of Textile Science & Engineering

ISSN: 2165-8064

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Innovations and Developments in Smart Textiles

    Harsh Thakkar

    In the twenty-first century, product making has evolving widely in all such field of engineering and technology. Textiles are not lagging on the marathon of such development and making. Smart textiles are the exciting innovation in the field of textiles and clothing. It can sense and analyze the signals and responds in a perfect way and the response which was being made can be electrical, thermal, mechanical, chemical, magnetic or from other source. The extent of smartness can be divided into three subgroups such as passive smart textiles, active smart textiles, and very smart textiles. Now it is not just seen in the Hollywood movies, it is not only limited in our world of fantasy, but also it comes in our day-to-day life with at most perfect possibility. It is now commonly used in numbers of fields. So, it can also be called the next generation clothing. This review aims to show the story of smart textiles, its types and functions. Present smart textiles products and their applications as well as market overview of smart textiles have also been discussed.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Colouration and Performance Evaluation of Ethiopian Kusha Fibres

    Tambizot Getachew Alemayehu*

    Bast fibre dyeing process was common practice as the value addition of most bast fibres was demanded for various commercial and household
    applications. In this research work, kusha fibre (which was extracted in our previous work) subjected to dyeing using direct, reactive, vat
    and cationic dyes for the first time. The dyeing process was performed using concentrations 0.5%, 1%& 3% (W/W) dye to fibre with MLR
    1:20. After dyeing process; performance of dyed fibre (dye absorbency measurement, colourfastness to washing, colourfastness to
    rubbing, colourfastness to light) and tensile tests were conducted. The results revealed that; K/S value of all dyed kusha fibre
    samples increases as the concentration of dyes applied increases, the colourfastness to washing of dyed fibres except the of direct
    dyes were found good, in both dry and wet rubbing fastness, reactive dyed samples have overall good rubbing fatness performance over the
    others, light fastness result shows it is good performance for all samples according to blue wool light fastness standard that exceeds 6. The
    tensile strength and elongation of dyed samples showed slight decrement in both vat and direct dyed samples; whereas, the considerable
    decrement was observed both in samples dyed with reactive and basic dyes as there is formation of covalent bond between fibre and dye
    and acid medium of processing affected the tensile property respectively.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

    Analysis of variance on Physical Properties of 100% Cotton 1acaaez1 Plain Woven Fabrics

    Shaharia Ahmed*

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      Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

      Comparative Analysis of Yarn Properties Produced from Different Varieties of Cotton under Ethiopian Cultivars

      Tiliksew Addisa*, Abera Kachi and Jun Wang

      DOI: DOI: 10.37421/2165-8064.2022.12.482

      Yarn property is dependent on the properties of its constituent and the arrangements of fibers within the yarn, the mass distribution of yarn along its length. This research was focused to analyze the effect of different cotton fiber properties from common varieties grown in Ethiopian on yarn properties. Three types of cotton samples from DP 90, Stam 59A, and Local cotton varieties, were assessed. High Volume Instrument (HVI 1000) was used to characterize the properties of the fibers. Fiber characterization was conducted using HVI instrument followed by yarn production with a laboratory scale China mini mill spinning machine. The correlation between fiber and yarn properties on (Tex 30) count which is commonly produced in Ethiopian textiles was analyzed using Minitab 17 software. The results indicated that yarn spun from the local cotton shows with better yarn properties.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

      Synthesis of Aminothiophene Substituted Squarylium Dyes and Study of their Electrical Conductivity Properties

      Imadegbor Franker Amen*, Bell Kasali Ademola, Nkeonye PO and Giwa Abdul Raheem

      Squarylium dyes are organic dyes of intense flouresence properties typically in the red to near-infrared region obtained from squaric acid. Squarylium dyes were synthSquarylium dyes are organic dyes of intense flouresence properties typically in the red to near-infrared region obtained from squaric acid. Squarylium dyes were synthesized from aminothiophene which are low molecular weight compound with good electron donating properties. The molecular weight of the dyes ranges from 276 g/mol-434 g/mol with melting point of spanning from 314 °C–336 °C. The FT-IR of band of the squarylium dyes showed sharp absorption bands of 3224.1-3649.1 cm-1 corresponding to the N-H stretch functional group present in the molecule, the C=O group was seen between 1640.0 cm-1-1796.6 cm-1 and the N=C=S (isothiocyanate) functional group ranged from 2105.9 cm-1-2206.6 cm-1. The electrical conductivity measurements were obtained by employing a standard process using a programmable LCR meter at a frequency range of 200 hz-100000 hz and the result calculated using the formular σ =L/RA. The electrical conductivity of synthesized dyes were observed to be within the range of 10-5-10-8 Sm-1. The electrical conductivity of the dyes and aminothiophene substituted squarylium dyes lies within the range of electrical conductivity for semiconductor which is between 10-12 -10-2 Sm-1.

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 3

      Drying of Cotton Seeds by using the Construction of a New Transmission Line Based on the Energy Saving of the Drum

      Siroj Fayziyev*

      This article is based on the theoretical justification for the development of energy saving projects and the main operating parameters for the implementation of the process of preparing high-density cotton seeds for storage. One of the issues of the program of economic development of the Republic of Uzbekistan is to increase the productivity of high-quality fiber and its implementation on the world market. The production of high-quality raw cotton fiber depends on the fact that the production process is organized on the basis of technical requirements. In particular, in the process of drying cotton in processing plants, it is important to reduce its moisture content and storage.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

      A Study Of Developing Skill Matrix System For Ready Made Garments Industries Of Bangladesh

      Nizam Engr. Md. Eanamul Haque*, Ali Mahmud Nishad, Asharaf Ahmed and Md. Jubayer Ahmed

      The soul of this industry is its skillful workers and to determine the workers areas of skill and efficiency an effective visual tool is used in the industry known as Skill matrix. Skill matrix is basically a visual tool that shows the tasks and skills required for specific roles and the current competency and skill level of each employee for each task. In Bangladesh, specific skill matrix system is absence. Few garments factory practice their own method to evaluate the workers and staff. Because of this reasons most of the miscommunication has occurred in this RMG factories as a results industrial violence concurred. In this project, the research team collected data’s of different garment factories skill matrix and have compared the methods of gathering these data also gathered the assessment or grading system of these factories and determined critical points and criteria and Performances on which basis an employee/workers salary, promotion is evaluated. After analysis those critical points the research team proposed a new skill matrix evaluating system for RMG industry of Bangladesh. This system will reduce the miscommunication with labor and factory owner ultimately will reduce the factory violence.

      Perspective Pages: 1 - 2

      Adaptable Sun Powered Cells For Clothing

      F. Ballier*

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      Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

      Repression Of Workmanship Sections With Material Built Up Mortar Coats

      F. Ballier*

      This paper presents a trial examination on the control of workmanship sections with material built up mortar (TRM) coats for the purpose of improving their hub load-conveying limit and hub deformability. The trial program incorporated the development and testing of 26 brick work crystals, which were exposed to monotonic concentric pressure. The examples were similarly separated in two testing Series in light of their cross-area math; square and rectangular with 2:1 angle proportion. One example from every Series was tried unconfined and filled in as reference example, while the rest twelve examples were tried subsequent to getting TRM jacketing. Aside from the cross-area calculation, the explored boundaries incorporated the material (two kinds of carbon-fiber materials, one glass and one basalt-fiber material), and how much the material support (no. of layers). In general, TRM constrainment of brick work segments expanded both their compressive strength and extreme pivotal strain, with viability factors shifting somewhere in the range of 1.02 and 1.61 for the strength and from 1.05 to 4.11 for the strain.

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 6

      Thermodynamics Of Dyeing: A Review

      Asaye Dessie Wolela*

      This paper presents equilibrium dyeing which is important in the dyeing process. The paper gives more emphasis on the dyeing equilibrium which is the position of sorption versus desorption after infinite time. In dyeing process, the investigation of the equilibrium dye distribution between the dye bath and the substrate is very important. The thermodynamics of dyeing of different textile fibers with their respective dyes type were discussed. Furthermore the three major types of dyeing adsorption isotherms, which are Nernst, Langmuir and Freundlich and the various dye/fibre systems correspond to one of these types. The most important thermodynamic parameters such as affinity, heat of dyeing and entropy of change which is determined at equilibrium have been also discussed. These values are useful in interpreting the driving force for dyeing processes and therefore provide a means for understanding what causes dye to transfer preferentially from the dye liquor into the fibre.

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 6

      Applications Of Biotechnological Methods In Textile Printing And Other Areas Using Nanoenzymes

      Kunal Singha*

      The textile printing techniques have been on the verge of their evolutions since the inception of biotechnological processes in textiles. In this context, the nanoenzymes play a crucial role and that has been furthermore triggered by the advancement in biochemical manufacturing, processes, methodological approaches like bioprinting and other biotech operations. These latest processes showing high quality ecological printings in the domain of textile printing. This chapter deals with all the modern information, techniques and smart printing concepts which are based on biotechnology in the domain of textile manufacturing and chemical printing arena. It also discusses about the various latest printing technology such as importance of biotechnology in textile printing, enzymatic biotechnological printing process, digital textile printing via biotechnological progress, membrane Biological Activated Carbon (BAC) based printing, oligomer based biotechnology, application of polyaromatic hydrocarbon remediation and anti-biofouling from surfaces using nanoenzymes and other applications of nanoenzymes in textiles.

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