Cytokines are the small proteins usually in response to an activating stimulus; induce responses through binding to specific receptors. Chemokines are the class of cytokines that have chemo attractant properties.
The cytokines that are secreted by macrophages that are in response to pathogens are structurally the diverse group of molecules that include interleukin -1, interleukin- 6, interleukin -12, and the chemokine interleukin -8. Cytokines regulate immunity, inflammation, and hematopoiesis. They generally act over short distances and short time spans and at very low concentrations. They act by binding to specific membrane receptors, which then signal the cell via second messengers, often tyrosine kinases, to alter its behavior.
Releated Journals of Cytokine Immunobiology
Journal of Immunobiology, Journal of Immunological Techniques in Infectious Diseases, Journal of Immunobiology, Immunogenetics, Immunome Research, Immunotherapy, Journal of Molecular Immunology, Primary & Acquired Immunodeficiency Research, Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology, Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica, Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, Current Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Egyptian Journal of Immunology, European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.