Journal of Mass Communication & Journalism

ISSN: 2165-7912

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

    Women Journalists in Lebanon: The Broken Ladder

    Mireille El Hajj

    Despite making up a majority and being active in the media field, Lebanese women journalists are still excluded from top management positions. This paper studies the factors that hinder Lebanese women journalists from climbing the ladder to top levels. It examines the status of women journalists in leadership positions in the media field, studies the obstacles and the barriers, and explores the glass ceiling they face. It is a blend of qualitative and quantitative approaches, as we looked for consistency among knowledgeable informants, to ensure comprehensive explanations and in-depth understanding of the related issues. The findings of the paper investigate media journalists’ points-ofview in terms of gender diversity and gender discrimination. They shed the light on the main obstacles, women and men journalists interviewees felt about women lack of progress as well as their inability to assume a place in decision making positions. However, this study is not without its limitations; therefore, it recommends further research in order to explicitly explore strategies that promote active participation of women in decision making structures in media in Lebanon. It creates value not only for the media sector but benefits as well the Lebanese society at large.

      Original Research Article Pages: 2 - 5

      Ibrahim Ofosu-Boateng* and Philip Acquaye

      Using a focus group discussion, this study sought to understand how media audiences perceive information in the media environment in Ghana. The study found out that the prevalence of fake news on social media platforms serves as a disincentive to consumers of media messages from giving attention to information from some media platforms. Legacy media, radio and television, for many of the participants, presents credible information on its platform with the belief that rigorous scrutiny is done by the media organisation before information is shared with their audiences on air. Though participants in the group discussions are often dismissive of media information they have doubts about, they occasionally, not routinely, verify information from news portals they deem credible. Participants also rely on their intuition to assess the truthfulness or otherwise of a story.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 9

        Maseera Khan*

        On September 17, 2020, three farm laws were passed in Lok Sabha, viz., The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020; The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020; and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020. The laws received major backlash from the farmers whom they were intended for. The ordinances led to the largest, peaceful sit-in protest in the history of mankind. The issue also attracted global attention (which invited criticism from the mainstream media). The incident was a litmus test of balanced reporting. In this paper, the coverage of the protests shows that the media constructs reality and holds the power to tilt the audience in favour of or against one player of the story. The discussion focuses on two English magazines- The Open and The Caravan, and their reportage on the subject matter. Frame analysis is utilized to streamline the stance of the magazines.

          Research Pages: 1 - 7

          Andrew Ali Ibbi*

          The rise in the level of violence the world over has been a worrisome development to people all over the world. An understanding of the audience and what content to give to them has become necessary considering the fact that violent media content is on the increase and the audience can accessed such content through many devices thanks to technology and its daily sophistication. This paper takes a holistic look at media violence and a critical look at some selected media violence theories. An understanding of what can be termed as violence is very important before any research can be done in this area. The theories considered in this paper are: Social Learning Theory, Social Cognitive Theory, Excitation Transfer Theory, Cultivation Theory and Desensitization Theory. The paper is an attempt to discuss the different angles that scholars viewed the selected theories in the paper and a look at how the theories fit in our immediate society.

            Review Article Pages: 1 - 5

            Is Traditional Media Losing Effect Compared to Influencer Marketing? A Review for the Cosmetic Industry

            Gulcin Ipek Emeksiz*

            DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.22.12.450

            Influencers, who disclose their lifestyles to the masses on social media on topics ranging from giving personal skin care to themselves at their homes to matching different outfits and creating combinations for date nights, to preparing diet and healthy meals for having a fit body shape, try to change the lifestyle habits and the talk topics in the lives of many young people by presenting themselves as opinion leaders, view affecters or digital penetrators. Influencers, who are discovered by many popular brands due to their high number of followers and who has a change to try the first sample products of these cosmetic brands for this reason, advertise the products on their channels with excitement in order to create behavior change in the shopping habits of young generations. However, influencers carry responsibilities while encouraging people to pay larger amounts for expensive cosmetic products thus authenticity is a key for the continuation of their vlogs by getting likes. Brands see influencers as people who have a high potential in selling products by creating new unthought-of content on social media and who have a change to touch the lives of considerable amount of people by interacting with them. This research aims to look at the concept of influencer marketing by also mentioning from how Influencer marketing has achieved to go one step further in the cosmetic industry rather than traditional advertisements nowadays by providing a literature review on the issue.

              Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

              The Role of Social Media in Enlightening Nursing Mothers on the Practise of Exclusive Breast Feeding in Ekiti State

              Yetunde Adetunla*

              DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.22.12.450

              The globalization of technology which gave rise to Information Communication Technology (ICT) has changed the information seeking behaviour of human which has shifted attention from broadcast and print media to Social Media. Exclusive Breast Feeding (EBF) practice over the years has been a global discussion and its significance has been passed across to Nursing Mothers through several sources i.e. Open campaigns, Hospital Seminars, Television, Radio etc. and the efforts have not yielded desirable results. Little attention has been paid to the role of Social media hence the need to examine the role of Social Media in enlightening Nursing Mothers on the practise of Exclusive Breast Feeding in Ekiti State. The study adopted a Survey design with a study population of 952 Nursing Mothers. Multi-stage sampling technique was used for selecting 380 respondents as sample for the study. Questionnaire was used for data collection. Data collected were analysed with statistics. Findings revealed that Nursing Mothers in Ekiti State are enlightened about EBF through several Social Media sources but Facebook and WhatsApp appear to be the most prevalent Social Media source of enlightenment on EBF practice, a large percentage of Nursing Mothers were encouraged to breastfeed their infants through the enlightenment obtained from Social Media, age and employment are the most prevalent demographic factors that influence the enlightenment on EBF and some of the challenges in the use of Social Media is the fact that it consumes time, poor network signal, high cost of data subscription etc. The study concluded that Facebook and WhatsApp are the most effective Social Media source on EBF. Therefore, the study recommended that stakeholders should push their adverts and campaigns on Facebook and WhatsApp more frequently

              Review Pages: 1 - 9

              The Effectiveness of Persuasive Appeals during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case of Jordanian Defense Orders

              Faisal Al Serhan*

              DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.22.12.450

              Jordan was one of the first Middle Eastern countries to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors of this paper examined the Jordanian government's persuasive appeals in defense orders issued between March and August 2020 to contain the pandemic. The authors discussed how the focus group responded to these appeals and concluded that this behavior did not halt or reduce the daily incidence or death rates, resulting in a major crisis of trust between the government and the public. The authors also concluded that some measures were not followed by citizens, as evidenced by their failure to follow preventive measures and the timing of the ban, despite the fact that persuasion was used.

              Research Article Pages: 1 - 6


              Mustafa Abdulrahim Alsabri*

              The current study has been designed to study the relationship between social media usage and health awareness practices as well as panic among the Indian youth during COVID-19. A survey was conducted among the University students in Delhi-NCR region to assess the effect of social media on their health behaviour in the wake of the pandemic. An online survey of 250 students was executed employing a 5-point Likert scale based self-administered questionnaire consisting of 23 questions. The data was analysed using smart PLS-SEM (Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling). The results indicate that behavioural change in a person is key to his protection against the lethal virus. While the social media induced panic does not trigger a positive behaviour change, neither does it lead to protective practices. Moreover, it also shows that the higher the level of awareness about COVID-19, the more likelihood of exhibiting positive health behaviour and adoption methods of protection. It is also revealed that while social media promote behaviour change, protection and public awareness, it may also infuse panic among the users.

                Case Report Pages: 1 - 6

                Sources of Development Information among Citizens in a Rural Community: A Case Study

                Alex Eloho Umuerri*

                Globally, communication is widely accepted as a tool for accelerating development in urban and rural settings. In many rural areas the channels and media sources which are available to the resident indigenes for development information are not ascertained because of a number of factors which could range from inaccessibility of these areas, to lack of awareness of media and the unorganized nature of these rural areas. This paper is based on a study which investigated the existing channels of communication and media which citizens are exposed to, and the most beneficial development information to the citizens in a rural community in Nigeria. The study found that the existing interpersonal channel of communication was preferred over the media of radio which was also the next leading source of development information to citizens in the rural community. Therefore, community leaders should ensure that resident indigenes are exposed to development information in the mass media by ensuring that adequate information is given to the citizens.

                Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

                Changing Culture and Society through Indian Advertising Appeals: An Qualitative Analysis

                Karanam Swetha

                Advertising is a simple tool for marketing. Every media platform has its advertisement department and being the dominant one among the other departments. This is the reason behind the growth of the advertisement industry in a full-fledged manner over a short period. The role of advertisements is highly inevitable for creating persuasions. This study aims to analyse the transformation of culture and society through these advertising appeals and how it affects the stereotypes. Because India has such a large population and cultural diversity, the advertising business has developed a variety of adverts to ensure that they appeal to a wide range of people and persuade others to buy the merchandise by enticing them. The appeals are made in such a way that it has an impact on people's purchase decisions. For that, every advertising agency goes under various stages including psychological for getting the best results by selling their products. So that every advertisement mend to appeal to the audience. This study tries to bring light on Indian advertising appeals and how it is affected culture and society.

                Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

                Social Media and Public Health Awareness among Youth about COVID-19

                Mustafa Abdulrahim Alsabri*

                DOI: DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2022.12.468

                The current study has been designed to study the relationship between social media usage and health awareness practices as well as panic among the Indian youth during COVID-19. A survey was conducted among the university students in Delhi-NCR region to assess the effect of social media on their health behaviour in the wake of the pandemic. An online survey of 250 students was executed employing a 5-point Likert scale based self-administered questionnaire consisting of 23 questions. The data was analysed using smart PLS-SEM (Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling). The results indicate that behavioural change in a person is key to his protection against the lethal virus. While the social media induced panic does not trigger a positive behaviour change, neither does it lead to protective practices. Moreover, it also shows that the higher the level of awareness about COVID-19, the more likelihood of exhibiting positive health behaviour and adoption methods of protection. It is also revealed that while social media promote behaviour change, protection and public awareness, it may also infuse panic among the users.

                Review Article Pages: 1 - 19

                Online Education Experiences During Pandemic for School Students of Chhattisgarh

                Sneha Sharma*

                DOI: DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2022.12.469

                The emergence of e-learning as an alternative learning tool amid the COVID-19 pandemic has various challenges and opportunities. The global COVID-19 pandemic has caused many negative impacts and the adaption of new normal in various aspects. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the usage of e-learning which has been seen as a precautionary as well as an improvised medium in the education process in india. This research aims to explore the experiences encompassing the benefits and challenges faced by students in schools by implementing e-learning as an innovative learning method in the future. Through the mixed-method approach, it can be concluded that e-learning can be accepted as an effective solution in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic in the field of education, but it still requires improvements in terms of infrastructure in regards to device availability and internet facilities, and interaction amongst teacherstudent and student-student so that e-learning does not merely move classrooms into digital classrooms, but also provides a wider transformation and hence overall experience that makes it easier for students to learn and gain knowledge. Research provides student perspectives on undergoing e-learning which is expected to be a recommendation tool for schools to establish and provide a good e-learning model and a hence better experience.

                  Review Article Pages: 1 - 4

                  Movies That Portray The True Miseries Of Life: The Florida Project, Joker, And Parasite

                  Jubayrul Islam*

                  DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2022.12.487

                  Today's movie industries provide us with a variety of entertainment options. However, certain films take us into the realm of truth, a reality that we want to avoid but cannot. These are the films that place a transparent mirror in front of us, allowing us to see our genuine selves. Some of these films are discussed in this paper. The florida project, joker, and parasite are the films that I will cover in this paper. These films have received numerous awards, not only for their originality but also for their hidden messages that kept us engrossed in reality for a brief period.

                  The struggles that people face as a result of poverty, mental illness, parental concerns, and social turbulence have all been depicted in these three films.

                  Review Article Pages: 1 - 4

                  Investigative Journalism In India In The Digital Age: With Special Reference To Web Portals

                  Arvind Kumar*

                  DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2022.12.488

                  This research paper is about investigative journalism in India in the digital era, with a focus on online portals. It was tough to comprehend since there is a lack of knowledge about how web portals function in a true democracy. create a protective shield they also demonstrated a lot more investigative journalism in her work, which helped to increase the level of investigative journalism in India.

                  This qualitative research is focused on the depth of underground investigative journalism, and we have transformed it into a nice paper and research paper that focuses on how Indian web portals modify their investigative journalism and give good metals in the online environment.

                  We may tell how much they face challenges in their job since investigative journalism is really difficult in India; however, when investigations are conducted online, investigative journalism becomes very soft and protected, which is excellent for the journalist.

                  In India, many non-profit web portals claiming that they are doing investigative journalism but it’s very tough to select for this study so I have chosen using purposive sampling for these online independent web portals because of their work recognized by the various international media houses and the democratic nations are four independent we portals, I have chosen five online portals for this paper: Cobrapost, the wire, caravan magazine, news laundry, these web portals since they are the ones who have preserved it thus far.

                  As digital technology reshapes the interactions between citizens and the state, demands for accountability have never been greater.

                  They also demonstrated a lot more investigative journalism in her work, which helped to increase the level of investigative journalism in India. Here's a quick rundown of how India's current trend of investigative journalism has provided some rays of brightness in Indian journalism. This paper is going to analyze some selective work done by these four web portals which are using to hold governments accountable in a new digital era.

                  Review Article Pages: 1 - 10

                  Hidden Sexual Harassment On Teenage Girls By Relatives: A Study On A Sub-urban City Of Bangladesh

                  Mamunor Rashid* and Tandra Mondol

                  DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2022.12.489

                  The purpose of this study is to find out the effect of sexual harassments, which is, happened by confidentially on teenage girls by their relatives. The nature of this study conducts the quantitative and qualitative method in nature. The population of this study is all teenage girls (aged 14-17 years) of two number Raghunathpur union in Dumuria. About 180 questionnaires and 3 expert respondents are helped by the researcher to complete the study perfectly. A greater number of respondents (85%) are harassed by relatives secretly and they hide this information from their parents and the greedy eyes of male or relatives are the main reason of it. The expert participants of in-depth interview explained the mental and physical situation of harassed teenage girls. They share their experience in these problems and they provide some recommendations and advices to remove it from the society.

                  Review Article Pages: 1 - 22

                  Crime News and Real-World Blues: A Behavioural Study of Media

                  Arshpreet Kaur*

                  DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2022.12.490

                  Crime news and shows are a genre of news and non-news platforms, the format is trending these days by gripping the audiences across the world with various unique ways of providing crime-based entertainment. The present study analysis the physical and psychological effects of consumption of crime-based content (in case of audience) and due to coverage of crime beat (in case of journalists). Data was collected from all strata of society in form of online questionnaire, it was not limiting the study to particular age group, gender etc because as the title of the study suggests we are interested in finding out about the real-world blues. This aspect of the study was needed to be researched and analysed so that we could study the possible reactions crime news and shows can have on the society.

                  Some prominent facts came into light through this research like demographics (age and gender) have no significant relation with physical or psychological effects on the crime beat journalists but work profile (years of experience and platform) have or consumption pattern of the audience (time spent on screen and what they watch it) have significant relation with physical or psychological effects on them but whether they watch it someone or alone will not have any relation. Overall, the study tried to analyse the effects of the crime news and shows on the behaviour of the media practitioners and audiences through analytical analysis.

                    Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

                    The Role of Mobile Based Communication by the Government during COVID-19 on College Students (IIHS, Ghaziabad)

                    Ritika Bora*

                    DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2023.13.507

                    COVID-19 poses a threat to global health. It is first ever experience for the countries to undergo a complete lockdown with the dependency for any information completely relying on media and government. During the pandemic the usage of mobile phones among the masses grew drastically and it was considered as an efficient medium by both public and the government. The mobile based communication was done through channels such as WhatsApp, Chat Boards, Caller Tune, Text Messages and Arogya Setu App etc., for spreading COVID related information among the masses. However, even after the continuous exchange of messages by the government, there are people who are still not showing the COVID appropriate behavior. As the third wave is predicated to hit the world again it is important to study the loopholes in the existing communication strategies and to rework on them in order to control the spread of the deadly virus. In this paper the researcher has studied the changes mobile based communication by the government during the COVID 19 has brought among the students studying in IIHS, Ghaziabad. The study shows that mobile is an effective mode of communication among the college students. It has successfully brought attitudinal and behavioral changes among the students and outlines the directions for the development of highly effective and efficient mobile based communication that can be utilized by the government in the near future.

                      Review Article Pages: 1 - 6

                      An Investigation of Online CSR Communication by Odisha Based Corporate Organisations

                      Mohapatra Jyoti Prakash* and Sanjaya Kumar Sahoo

                      DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2023.13.517

                      Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has emerged as a much-discussed subject within Indian business sector, especially after the companies act, 2013. Many corporate organisations are sincerely contributing to the society through focused programmes. But not just doing well is important, communicating the same to wider stakeholders is also equally important. Sharing information about CSR activities and its impact is often found to attract positive response from stakeholders. It can help in building a more positive brand image and establishing better stakeholder relationship, besides others. However, failure in communicating messages about socially responsible activities may not generate such benefits. Digital communication platforms, primarily websites and social media have become indispensable in today’s corporate communication strategy. Corporate organisations are extensively using internet enabled communication channels to reach out to their various stakeholders, internally and externally. They share their messages related to CSR activities and achievements through these online communication platforms. The proposed study intends to understand the how online communication platforms, mainly websites and social media, are being used by select corporate organisations having their registered or corporate office in Odisha. It also aims to identify the similarities or difference in CSR communication by private and public sector corporate organisations on various online platforms. The study will be analysing the CSR Communication by selected Odisha based corporate organisations with the use of content analysis methodology.

                        Review Article Pages: 1 - 7

                        Hunting as a Mirror of a Person in the Discourse of Specialized Magazines: Linguocultural Studies of Media Text

                        Irina Erofeeva* and Vladimir Bocharnikov


                        Recently, research based on its own cultural traditions, one of which is hunting, is becoming important worldwide. We consider the media, including specialized magazines, as mediators of the communicative and cultural memory of a person. The paper presents a linguocultural analysis of the discourse of magazines. Basic instinct, Russian hunting magazine, Safari, hunting and game ranch. Based on the analysis of more than 250 media texts of different genres published from 1972 to 2018, we determined the main frames in the conceptual domain of hunting. Hunting is classified as demanded geographic surroundings, as a social and cultural construct reflecting the person’s needs in direct and indirect contexts. The key image of the concept is the hunter’s personality. This multifaceted image demonstrates awakening of the personal potential by means of hunting, recognition and discovering oneself when dealing with nature.

                        Mini Review Pages: 1 - 3

                        Indo-Pak Newspapers Coverage of the Pulwama Incident



                        In the political and military tensions between India and Pakistan, print media play an important role in stabilizing the issues or portraying the narrative of the state to the world. Both the countries spend more on defense in comparison to other sectors. The main reason for spending billions of USD on the military is the Kashmir issue. Though both countries have a long lasted history of rivalry when it comes to the Kashmir issue after the Pulwama attack, the tensions between the two neighboring countries were the worst in the last thirty years. In such a horrible situation, media from both sides were busy defending their stances. This study aims to the comparison of Pulwama attack coverage in English newspapers from both sides (Daily dawn from Pakistan and the Hindu from India) that how these most circulated newspapers covered the whole conflict, what were their contributions to peace, and how they portrayed the stance of their governments. As the incident started on 14 February 2019 after the bomb blast, therefore we have covered editorials of both newspapers from 14 February to 5 March 2019. Both sides exaggerated the whole issue however; we noticed that Indian media and political leadership used harsh words and false statements.

                          Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

                          A Case Study of BBQ Becky-Themed Memes on X (Formerly Twitter): Using A Black Feminist Lens

                          Mia Moody Ramirez*, Hazel Cole and Dorothy Bland

                          This study analyzes the public conversations that emerged on X (formerly Twitter) following the release of BBQ Becky-themed memes. Specifically, we explore racial profiling and the use of monikers in crisis situations historically. Legislators have introduced or passed legislation in several states to address instances of trivial complaints to a person in authority, whether it be a manager or the police. Many of the laws make it illegal to fabricate a 911 report based on someone's race, ethnicity, religious affiliation, gender, or sexual orientation.

                            Research Article Pages: 1 - 6


                            Nnaemeka Chibueze*

                            This study was done to find if consumers properly use health information inscribed on food packs before they buy and consume them. The study was predicted on one theory – Feature Integration Theory (FIT). The objectives among other things, were to ascertain if consumers notice and read inscriptions on food packs; and if the illegible type of inscriptions on food packs restrain readability of the inscriptions. Survey was adopted as the study design, while questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample size of 370 Staff and Students of Nsukka campus in Enugu State. Findings showed that most of the consumers notice and read the products’ brand names but do not notice and read the health information inscribed on the food packs. The findings also indicate, amongst others that consumers do not notice and read health information on food packs because such inscriptions are not colourful, and have smaller type sizes. Based on the forgoing, it was recommended that the stakeholders (NAFDAC, and manufacturers) should device a means to increase the type size of health inscriptions on food packs, so consumers will read it the way they read brand names of the food products they want to buy. Stakeholders should set up programmes to sensitize consumers on the importance of being healthfully informed before consuming packaged foods. Further, Nigerian government should take cue from UK health policies, and implement front-of-pack nutrition labelling.

                            Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

                            Effects of TV Advertisements on Children\'s Behavior

                            Siddhant Kumar Singh*, Shikha Kumari and Shahnaaz Zabi

                            DOI: 10.37421/2165-7912.2023.13.548

                            The purpose of this research is to study the effect of TV advertisement on children’s decision making and how TV advertisements are affecting the young audiences and their buying nature. The study was conducted using primary data. A close-ended questionnaire was prepared for the parents of children between the age group of 5 to 10 years. A population of 200 parents was selected who are staying in Ranchi district and all families have a TV set at home.

                            On analysis, it was found that most TV advertisements focus on children because they are easy to influence. Television is not only selling entertainment but sowing unhealthy habits in them. Most advertisements were of fast foods, ice cream, chocolates, packed juices, and cold drink. The survey suggests that these advertisements influence children’s behavior which eventually leads to unhealthy and indiscipline lifestyle.

                              Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

                              Perey Soeji*

                              This manuscript explores the transformative journey of mass communication within journalism amid the digital age. It delves into the profound impacts of technological advancements on journalistic practices, the dissemination of information, and audience engagement. By tracing the evolution from traditional forms of media to the digital landscape, this paper elucidates the challenges and opportunities faced by journalists in navigating this dynamic terrain.

                              Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

                              Cheky Odo*

                              This manuscript explores the profound impact of globalization on mass communication within the field of journalism. As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, the dynamics of journalism have transformed, shaping the dissemination of news and information across borders. Through an analysis of the various dimensions of globalization, including technological advancements, cultural exchanges, and economic interdependencies, this paper delves into the challenges and opportunities faced by journalists in navigating an ever-evolving media landscape.

                              Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

                              Damn Suny*

                              In times of uncertainty and crisis, journalism plays a pivotal role in disseminating information, shaping public opinion, and holding authorities accountable. This manuscript explores the intricate relationship between crisis communication and journalism, focusing on how media outlets respond during times of upheaval. Drawing upon theoretical frameworks and real-world examples, this paper examines the challenges journalists’ face, the ethical dilemmas they encounter, and the strategies they employ to navigate turbulent waters.

                              Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

                              Malshym Arzyb*

                              Photojournalism plays a vital role in shaping our understanding of the world, conveying truth, and invoking emotional responses. However, the digital age has introduced new ethical dilemmas and challenges for photojournalists. This manuscript explores the evolving landscape of photojournalism ethics in the digital era, examining issues such as image manipulation, privacy concerns, and the responsibility to accurately represent reality.

                              Perspective Pages: 1 - 2

                              Bouig Mung*

                              In the realm of journalism, diversity and inclusion serve as the cornerstone of progress, innovation, and truth-telling. They are not just buzzwords; they are fundamental principles that underpin the very essence of journalism itself. In recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the imperative to amplify diverse voices and reshape narratives to reflect the multifaceted tapestry of human experiences.

                              Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

                              Duegi Cosuat*

                              Community journalism stands as a cornerstone of the media landscape, embodying the essence of grassroots storytelling and amplifying local voices within the realm of mass communication. It serves as a vital conduit between communities and the broader world, fostering connections, empowering citizens, and promoting civic engagement. In an era dominated by corporate media conglomerates and digital platforms, community journalism remains a beacon of authenticity, representing the diverse tapestry of human experiences and perspectives.

                              Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

                              Antomi Ligor*

                              In the realm of journalism, storytelling is not merely a tool; it is the essence through which information is conveyed, emotions are stirred, and connections are forged. At its core lies the narrative power, a force that transcends the mere relay of facts and figures, delving into the profound realm of human experience. In this manuscript, we embark on a journey to unravel the intricacies of storytelling in journalism, exploring its significance, techniques, and impact on shaping narratives in the contemporary media landscape.

                              Brief Report Pages: 1 - 2

                              Filips Bli?o*

                              In the rapidly evolving landscape of journalism, the emergence of mobile journalism, or mojo, has revolutionized the way news is gathered, produced, and disseminated. With the ubiquitous presence of smartphones equipped with high-quality cameras and powerful editing tools, journalists now have the ability to capture, edit, and share stories directly from the field, without the need for bulky equipment or extensive technical expertise.

                              Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

                              Costil Pinaria*

                              Interviewing lies at the heart of journalism, serving as the gateway to uncovering stories, revealing truths, and providing insight into the world around us. It is an art and a craft, requiring finesse, preparation, and intuition. A skilled interviewer can elicit candid responses, navigate complex subjects, and capture the essence of a narrative. In the realm of journalism, mastering the art of interviewing is essential for those seeking to unearth the depth and breadth of human experience.

                              Opinion Pages: 1 - 2

                              Alo Gáley*

                              In the labyrinth of information inundating our modern world, truth often seems like a fleeting spectre, elusive and enigmatic. In this era where misinformation and disinformation proliferate, the role of journalism as the vanguard of truth becomes increasingly crucial. At the heart of this mission lies fact-checking, the painstaking process of verifying the accuracy of claims and assertions.

                                Brief Report Pages: 1 - 2

                                Mobile Journalism: Reporting from the Palm of Your Hand

                                Filips Bli?o*

                                In the rapidly evolving landscape of journalism, the emergence of mobile journalism, or mojo, has revolutionized the way news is gathered, produced, and disseminated. With the ubiquitous presence of smartphones equipped with high-quality cameras and powerful editing tools, journalists now have the ability to capture, edit, and share stories directly from the field, without the need for bulky equipment or extensive technical expertise.

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