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Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering

ISSN: 2165-784X

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

    Integration of Structural Data to Forecast Bridge Damage

    Othman Jaafar*

    Structural information integration for predicting damages in bridges represents a pioneering approach in the realm of civil engineering, leveraging advanced technologies and multidisciplinary methodologies to enhance the safety, resilience, and longevity of critical infrastructure. Bridges play a vital role in facilitating transportation networks, connecting communities, and supporting economic activity. However, they are susceptible to various forms of deterioration, including corrosion, fatigue, and structural degradation, which can compromise their integrity and pose significant safety risks. By integrating diverse sources of structural information, including sensor data, structural health monitoring systems, historical performance data, and predictive modelling techniques, engineers and researchers can develop more accurate, proactive, and cost-effective strategies for assessing bridge condition, predicting potential damages, and prioritizing maintenance and rehabilitation efforts. At the heart of structural information integration for predicting damages in bridges lies the concept of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM), which involves the continuous monitoring and assessment of structural integrity using sensors, instrumentation, and data analytics techniques. SHM systems collect real-time data on various structural parameters, such as strains, vibrations, accelerations, and environmental conditions, providing insights into the behaviour and performance of bridges under different loading conditions and environmental factors. By analyzing this wealth of data using advanced signal processing, machine learning, and statistical techniques, engineers can detect anomalies, identify potential defects, and predict future performance degradation, enabling proactive maintenance and targeted interventions to prevent catastrophic failures.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

        Behaviour-Finite Elements Analysis-Modeling of Hyperbolic Cooling Towers under Static and Vortex Wind Forces

        Sumit Guha*

        Aim of this paper is software package utilized towards a practical application by considering problem of natural draught hyperbolic cooling towers. This paper deals with the study of hyperbolic cooling tower of 120 m high above ground level. This cooling tower has been analyzed for wind load using ANSYS by assuming fixity at the shell base. For this analysis a single case of the tower with alternative ‘I’ and ‘V’ supports is taken up. The wind load on this cooling towers has been calculated in the form of pressure by using the circumferentially distributed design wind pressure coefficients as given in IS: 11504-1985 code along with the design wind pressures at different levels as per IS: 875 (Part 3)-1987 code. The analysis has been carried out using and 4-noded shell element. The vertical distribution of membrane forces along and the circumferential distributions at base, throat and top levels have been studied for the cooling tower.

        Case Report Pages: 1 - 4

        Case Report on Stakeholders Management in a Construction Project in an Urban Environment

        Nancy Mittal, Diwakar Velu

        The continuing growth of population density in urban areas around the world has placed greater emphasis on the utilization and development of underground space to meet the increasing demands of the city. Due to limited land space available in downtown areas, many cities in the world are also embarking on integration of major construction projects of metro infrastructure, commercial developments and residential estates etc., to meet the growing demand of infrastructure. Construction project in an urban area necessitates the involvement of internal and external stakeholders in the planning phase of the project and requires managing the expectations of the stakeholders throughout the project. This paper will present a case study to depict the ways for managing the stakeholders affected due to the construction project in an urban environment. Stakeholder management in construction projects which are of national importance is even more challenging and complex than private projects. To make the project successful, it is very important to identify all the stakeholders and engage them in early phases of project. The very task of managing the different priorities and requirements of internal and external stakeholder groups at various stages of project is tedious in itself. This paper will describe the different strategies and present 2 case studies to manage the expectations of various stakeholders during the construction works in a densely populated area.

        Case Report Pages: 1 - 4

        Optimization Studies on E-waste for the Recovery of Zinc and Aluminium by Electro Deposition

        P Sivakumar*, D Prabhakaran and M Thirumarimurugan

        The world produces 50 million tons of electronic and electrical waste (e-waste) per year, according to a recent UN report, but only 20% is formally recycled. The rest ends up in landfill, or is recycled informally in developing nations. E-waste recycling market in India is predominantly controlled by unorganized sector due to absence of stringent laws and policy framework. Electronics products in the country are reaching their end of life sooner than expected, which has created immense pressure on the government to come up with appropriate laws to promote e-waste recycling and management. Most electronics that are improperly thrown away contain some form of harmful materials such as beryllium, cadmium, mercury and lead. These materials might be trace elements, but when added up in volume, the threat to the environment is significant. However electronic waste also contains fair percentage of precious metals like Cu, Ag, Au, Pt etc. These metals can be recovered from e-waste at cheaper cost than from the usual ores. Several techniques are used to recover precious metals like copper, silver and gold. This paper deals with the collection and segregation of precious metal rich e-waste scrap and leaches zinc and Aluminium effectively by adopting the technique namely Electrodeposition. The composition of Zinc and Aluminium present in the resultant leached product from each technique is analyzed by EDS. A manual comparison of purity, yield percentage, energy consumption will be tabulated and optimization for the three processes will be simulated using Response Surface Methods (RSM) in design-expert software v.11.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 1

        Study on Plastic Coated Aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete

        Siddhant Singh*

        A synthetic man-made material that contains different types of organic polymers having heavy molecular weight such as polyethylene, PVC etc. when it is soft, it can be easily moulded to any form. And when it turns hard, it becomes rigid or slightly elastic in nature and it is called as plastic. Plastic takes a long time to degrade because of that it is durable also, this long time to degrade is because plastic can easily resist the natural process of degradation. There are two types of plastic 1) Thermoset and 2) Thermoplastics. Thermoset plastics are that kind of plastic which once set cannot be reversed by the means of heat. Whereas thermoplastics are those which can be reversed by providing heat to it.

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