Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering

ISSN: 2165-784X

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 11

    An Approach For Plastic Hinge Length Of Reinforced Concrete Columns

    Pham Phu Anh Huy*

    Due to the complexity of material nonlinearity, the accuracy determination of the plastic hinge length of Reinforced Concrete (RC) column is facing many difficulties. In past decades, there are some definitions the plastic hinge length of reinforced concrete columns, and some models for predicting this length. However, the results had a large difference. So, the paper presented some methods to approach the definition of plastic hinge length based on compressive and tensile yield strain of rebars, peak strain of concrete cover and core, curvature profiles, and physical observation. In addition, four tested columns with cross-section of 400 mm square was conducted to investigate the plastic hinge length. Yet, based on tested results and 114 column database, the new approach method and the new proposed equation to estimate the equivalent plastic hinge length of reinforced concrete columns with rectangular sections.

      Case Report Pages: 1 - 4

      Case Report on Stakeholders Management in a Construction Project in an Urban Environment

      Nancy Mittal, Diwakar Velu

      The continuing growth of population density in urban areas around the world has placed greater emphasis on the utilization and development of underground space to meet the increasing demands of the city. Due to limited land space available in downtown areas, many cities in the world are also embarking on integration of major construction projects of metro infrastructure, commercial developments and residential estates etc., to meet the growing demand of infrastructure. Construction project in an urban area necessitates the involvement of internal and external stakeholders in the planning phase of the project and requires managing the expectations of the stakeholders throughout the project. This paper will present a case study to depict the ways for managing the stakeholders affected due to the construction project in an urban environment. Stakeholder management in construction projects which are of national importance is even more challenging and complex than private projects. To make the project successful, it is very important to identify all the stakeholders and engage them in early phases of project. The very task of managing the different priorities and requirements of internal and external stakeholder groups at various stages of project is tedious in itself. This paper will describe the different strategies and present 2 case studies to manage the expectations of various stakeholders during the construction works in a densely populated area.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 1

      Study on Plastic Coated Aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete

      Siddhant Singh*

      A synthetic man-made material that contains different types of organic polymers having heavy molecular weight such as polyethylene, PVC etc. when it is soft, it can be easily moulded to any form. And when it turns hard, it becomes rigid or slightly elastic in nature and it is called as plastic. Plastic takes a long time to degrade because of that it is durable also, this long time to degrade is because plastic can easily resist the natural process of degradation. There are two types of plastic 1) Thermoset and 2) Thermoplastics. Thermoset plastics are that kind of plastic which once set cannot be reversed by the means of heat. Whereas thermoplastics are those which can be reversed by providing heat to it.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

      Behaviour-Finite Elements Analysis-Modeling of Hyperbolic Cooling Towers under Static and Vortex Wind Forces

      Sumit Guha*

      Aim of this paper is software package utilized towards a practical application by considering problem of natural draught hyperbolic cooling towers. This paper deals with the study of hyperbolic cooling tower of 120 m high above ground level. This cooling tower has been analyzed for wind load using ANSYS by assuming fixity at the shell base. For this analysis a single case of the tower with alternative ‘I’ and ‘V’ supports is taken up. The wind load on this cooling towers has been calculated in the form of pressure by using the circumferentially distributed design wind pressure coefficients as given in IS: 11504-1985 code along with the design wind pressures at different levels as per IS: 875 (Part 3)-1987 code. The analysis has been carried out using and 4-noded shell element. The vertical distribution of membrane forces along and the circumferential distributions at base, throat and top levels have been studied for the cooling tower.

      Case Report Pages: 1 - 4

      Optimization Studies on E-waste for the Recovery of Zinc and Aluminium by Electro Deposition

      P Sivakumar*, D Prabhakaran and M Thirumarimurugan

      The world produces 50 million tons of electronic and electrical waste (e-waste) per year, according to a recent UN report, but only 20% is formally recycled. The rest ends up in landfill, or is recycled informally in developing nations. E-waste recycling market in India is predominantly controlled by unorganized sector due to absence of stringent laws and policy framework. Electronics products in the country are reaching their end of life sooner than expected, which has created immense pressure on the government to come up with appropriate laws to promote e-waste recycling and management. Most electronics that are improperly thrown away contain some form of harmful materials such as beryllium, cadmium, mercury and lead. These materials might be trace elements, but when added up in volume, the threat to the environment is significant. However electronic waste also contains fair percentage of precious metals like Cu, Ag, Au, Pt etc. These metals can be recovered from e-waste at cheaper cost than from the usual ores. Several techniques are used to recover precious metals like copper, silver and gold. This paper deals with the collection and segregation of precious metal rich e-waste scrap and leaches zinc and Aluminium effectively by adopting the technique namely Electrodeposition. The composition of Zinc and Aluminium present in the resultant leached product from each technique is analyzed by EDS. A manual comparison of purity, yield percentage, energy consumption will be tabulated and optimization for the three processes will be simulated using Response Surface Methods (RSM) in design-expert software v.11.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

      Seismic Performance of Multi‐Storey Building with Flat‐Slab in High Seismic Zone on Sloping Ground

      Sibat Hussain* and Basavaraj Dhannur

      DOI: 10.37421/2165-784X.2022.12.454

      The lack of level land in slope territory has driven the construction of building on slope Slant. Due to the slope of the land, structures in hilly terrain have unique structural configurations that use varying foundation levels. The asymmetry and irregularity of the building's vertical and horizontal directions provides a noticeable dynamic feature in the shape of the structure on the slope.

      On sloping terrain, set-back, step-back, and step-back set-back buildings are the most common building configurations to be seen. In current research work, step-back set-back building are used alongside flat-slab buildings with drop-panel and perimetric beams on sloping land with different gradients. The drop panels are provided to prevent punching shear failure and perimetric beams are provided to reduce the displacement. The different models of G+9 storey building that are considered in the present study are as follows; model M1-structure resting on 0° slope, 2) Model M2-structure resting on 15° slope, 3) Model M3-structure resting on 30° slope in seismic zone V. The building models and characteristics as such storey shear, storey displacement, storey drift, storey stiffness and torsional irregularity are examined while doing the static, dynamic, and time history analysis. In the present study, the storey displacement is found maximum for model M1 and with the increase in slope the storey displacement gets reduced. The storey drift ratio is found more in model M1 and with the increase in slope, the drift decrease. The storey shear is more prevalent in model M1 when compared to other two models. Also there is an irregular variation in storey shear for models M2 and M3. During the design inspection, the short-column effect is observed in columns with restricted height owing to the slope of the ground. The torsional irregularity in all the building models is found to be within safe permissible limits as per IS-1893 2016. The tabular findings and a graphical comparison of the results are provided.

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