Endothelial keratoplasty has transformed the field of corneal transplantation. Surgeons have shifted from performing penetrating keratoplasty as the gold standard technique for treatment of corneal edema to the selective replacement of the defective endothelial layer of the cornea through evolving endothelial keratoplasty techniques.
In corneal transplant part of the cornea is replaced with corneal tissue from a donor. This accounts for a large part of a our eye's focusing power. A cornea transplant can restore vision, reduce pain and improve the appearance of a damaged or diseased cornea. Cornea transplant is a relatively safe procedure. Still, a cornea transplant does carry a small risk of complications like Eye infection, Increased risk of clouding of the eye's lens (cataracts), Pressure increase within the eyeball (glaucoma), Problems with the stitches used to secure the donor cornea, Rejection of the donor cornea, Swelling of the cornea