International Journal of Public Health and Safety

ISSN: 2736-6189

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 3

    A Study to Assess the Awareness on Disaster Management among School Going Children in Kanyakumari District,Tamil Nadu, India

    KS Vignesh*

    The classical characterization of disaster is unfamiliarity, unpredictability, uncertainty, vulnerability, urgency, intensity and danger. Major disasters include earthquake, landslides, volcanic eruptions, floods hurricanes, fires, tornados, blizzards, tsunamis, cyclones. Apart from causing deaths and severe ill health, disasters also lead to large scale displacement, injuries, epidemics, and substantial economic losses to the communities. Though every emergency or disaster has its own characteristics and demands but the basic measures under disaster management include prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery for which regular training and awareness activities are needed especially among students. The objective of the study was to assess the extent of awareness about disasters and their management among school going children. It was an educational interventional design with an exploratory research approach adopting nonprobability purposive sampling technique in Kanyakumari district. The study also adopted geo-spatial technique to identify the flood vulnerable school in the district. Survey method was employed, on 400 participants aged between 12 and16 years using a pre-tested semi structured questionnaire data sheet. The outcome revealed that out of 400 students 43.9% (before intervention) and 93.3% (after intervention) had knowledge of disaster management. These findings emphasize that the extent of knowledge is not yet satisfactory and there is a severe need of providing knowledge to the school children. Disaster management can be compulsorily included in academic curriculum of all the students. Effective, purposeful training and awareness programs are to be timely conducted

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

      Breastfeeding Practices among Mothers Living in Ede North Local Government, Osun State, Nigeria

      Omoge Adeyemi O*, Akinduro Oluwaniyi P, Adejumobi Adejumoke O and Eweka Agnes O

      Background: Breastfeeding is the feeding a baby with milk that is coming straight from the mother's breast. It provides the infant with the necessary nutrients they require for healthy growth and development. For an infants to live, grow and develop properly they need the right proportion of nutrients. Breast milk is copious in nutrients and anti-bodies and consists of the correct quantities of fat, sugar, water and protein. These nutrients are major requirements for the health and survival of the baby.

      Objective: This study was carried out to have a clear understanding about the the breastfeeding practices among mothers in Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

      Methodology: 50 mothers living in Ede were randomly and systematically selected to participate in the study. Questionnaire containing two sections was used for data collection. Results were analyzed using SPSS version 21.

      Results: The study revealed that 18 (36 %) of the respondents were aged 26-30 years, 45 (90%) were Islam, 49 (98%) were Yoruba, 42 (84%) were married, 16 (32%) were civil servants, 30 (60%) had tertiary education and 24 (48%) earned above 41,000. 30 (60%) strongly agree that they have heard of breastfeeding from hospital, maternity clinics, TBA, 34 (68%) strongly agree that breastfeeding a child for six months is good, 22 (44%) agree that breastfeeding is a good contraceptive method, 16 (32%), 22 (44%) strongly agree that breastfeeding promote mother-baby bonding, 18 (36%) strongly agree that breastfeeding has effect on care of family members and marital relationship, 16 (32%) agree that breastfeeding is a good way to decreases family expenses, 20 (40%) agree that breastfeeding prevent low weight in baby, 18 (36%) strongly agree that breastfeeding helps the uterus to return to its pre-pregnancy state quickly.

      Conclusion: Breast milk remains the best and most guaranteed kind of nourishment for infants. The health benefits of breastfeeding to infants should not be underestimated. Breastfeeding is well known as the best source of food for infants. Health education programmes on the benefits of breastfeeding to the infant, mother, family and the community should be promoted.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

      Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension in Pregnancy among Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

      Olayinka Adeyosola Adijat*,Alib Elizabeth Folakemi, Atolagbe James E

      This study assessed the awareness and knowledge of hypertension in pregnancy among women attending antenatal clinic at State Hospital, Oke-Ogbo, assess the level of knowledge of gestation hypertension among women attending antenatal clinic. This study used a descriptive survey that employed quantitative methods. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 240 eligible respondents from State Hospital, Oke-Ogbo, Ile-Ife. An interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect information. The data were analysed using Descriptive and Inferential Statistics. 
      The data were subjected to univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses. The association between socio-demographic, socioeconomic, obstetric, lifestyle characteristic factors and hypertension in pregnancy was determined using chi square test. The risk factors associated with hypertension in pregnancy were identified using binary logistic regression analysis. The level of significance was determined at p-value less than 0.05. The results showed that 91.6% of the respondents are within age group 21-30 years, 85.8% are Yoruba.
      Respondents (59%) have heard of hypertension in pregnancy and respondents (85.8%) had health workers as the major source of information. Respondents (88%) reported irregular heartbeats as sign and symptoms, early morning headache (77.1%) and swollen legs (60.4%). The level of knowledge of hypertension in pregnancy among the respondents showed that 45.0% of them had good knowledge, and 24% had fair knowledge while 31% had poor knowledge. Majority of the pregnant women are aware and have good knowledge of hypertension in pregnancy. Unmarried (single mothers), ethnicity (non Yoruba’s), primigravida and family history of hypertension were the risk
      factors significantly associated with hypertension in pregnancy.

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