ZnO:Na Nanostructure: A highly sensitive room temperature and Oxygen-free environment Carbon dioxide gas sensor

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

ZnO:Na Nanostructure: A highly sensitive room temperature and Oxygen-free environment Carbon dioxide gas sensor

4th International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science & Engineering

September 14-16, 2015 Orlando, USA

Mohamed A Basyooni1, 2

1Beni-Suef University, Egypt 2National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG), Egypt

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

CO2 is considered as one of the primary greenhouse gases in the Earthâ??s atmosphere, Nevertheless, monitoring the content of the CO2 in the environment and emissions is important. There is a highly significant need for CO2 sensors for space and commercial application, as well. Those applications include low-false-alarm fire detection which detect chemical species indicative of a fire (e.g., CO2 and CO). In this work, we are focusing on the carbon dioxide chemiresistive sensor under practical environment, i.e., atmospheric pressure, oxgygen free environment and room temperature by ZnO and ZnO: Na wrinkle network structure. The structural, optical, electrical properties using scan electron microscope and X-ray diffraction of the prepared film were studied. Sensor parameters such as dynamic response, response magnitude, response time and recovery time were studied at room temperature for different concentrations of CO2 gas. The detection limit of the sensor from the sensorâ??s signal processing performance was calculated to be 0.42 sccm. The dynamic response curves for ZnO and ZnO: Na for gas volumes of 20, 30, 40, and 50 cm3 of CO2 for 5 minutes in an inert environment at room temperature have been demnostrated. It can be observed for both cases that upon exposure to CO2, the increased resistance of the ZnO film confirmed its n-type semiconducting behavior. For such new technique of gas sensing in room temperature, the sensor response mechanism can be attributed to direct charge transfer on metal conductivity with additional electron hopping effects on intertube conductivity through physically adsorbed molecules between the network nanostructur, another reson is the smaller particle size and thus larger surface-to-volume ratio of ZnO:Na in addition to the small band gap which enable ZnO: Na sensor to operate at room temperature.

Biography :

Mohamed A Basyooni had completed his MSc from Nanophotonics and Applications (NPA) Lab, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University. Currently, he is pursuing PhD in nanocomposites for satellie and space applications.


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