X-ray crystal structures of the one-electron oxidized metal–phenolate complexes; geometric and electronic structures relationship

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

X-ray crystal structures of the one-electron oxidized metal–phenolate complexes; geometric and electronic structures relationship

International Conference on Applied Crystallography

October 17-19, 2016 Houston, USA

Yuichi Shimazaki

Ibaraki University, Japan

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

Oxidation chemistry of redox active transition metal complexes with pro-radical ligands and their detailed electronic structures have been actively pursued in recent years. An â??experimentalâ? valence state of metal complexes is sometime different from the â??formalâ? oxidation state, especially in the species having redox active ligands. This difference can be seen in biological system, such as iron(IV)-porphyrin ?©-cation radical in some heme proteins and copper(II)-phenoxyl radical in galactose oxidase (GO). Many efforts for determination of the experimental oxidation number have been close to the goal of the â??truth oxidation stateâ? in various oxidized metal complexes with redox-active ligands. Depending on the relative energies of the redox-active orbitals, metal complexes with non-innocent ligands exist in two limiting descriptions, either a metal-ligand radical (Mn+(Lâ?¢)) or a high valent metal (M(n+1)+(L-)) complex. The reaction mechanisms of artificial and biological catalysts depend on the electronic structures of the high valent intermediates. However, structural characterizations of these species by X-ray diffraction methods have been rare due to their stability. Recently, some artificial metalâ??phenoxyl radical complexes as models of GO have been synthesized and successfully characterized by X-ray crystal structure. The one-electron oxidized metal-phenolate complexes showed various electronic structures depending on small perturbations, such as substitution of the phenolate ring and the chelate effect of the phenolate ligands and so on. In this presentation, I will focus on X-ray crystal structures of the one-electron oxidized metalâ??phenolate complexes in the case of metal complexes of diphenolate Schiff base ligands with 2N2O donor sets. Especially electronic and crystal structure relationship such as differences of metal-phenoxyl radical and high-valent metal phenolate complexes will be discussed.

Biography :

Yuichi Shimazaki received his Doctor’s degree in Science from Nagoya University in 2000 under the supervision of Professor Osamu Yamauchi. He joined Professor Yoshinori Naruta’s group at Kyushu University as Assistant Professor and worked on the redox behavior of various metal porphyrin complexes as models of the active site of metalloenzymes. In 2008, he was promoted to Associate Professor at the College of Science, Ibaraki University. His research interests include the oxidation chemistry of the complexes of various metal ions, model studies of metalloenzymes, bioorganometallic chemistry, and weak interactions in metalorganic molecule systems.


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