Upgrading vegetable oil thermosets through copolymer reinforcement with tannin-lipid conjugates

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Upgrading vegetable oil thermosets through copolymer reinforcement with tannin-lipid conjugates

International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers & Bioplastics

August 10-12, 2015 San Francisco, USA

Warren Grigsby

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

A totally bio-based approach has been applied to produce thermosetting polymers comparable to synthetic polyester thermosets.
Condensed tannin-lipid conjugates have been copolymerized with vegetable oils to produce copolymer films ranging from rigid
thermosets to soft rubbers. Reactivity and vegetable oil quantity employed has the greatest influence on copolymer crosslinking and
mechanical properties, whereas tannin incorporation was essential for copolymers to achieve necessary mechanical strength. Use
of tannin linoleate esters led to copolymers with ambient modulus of up to 1.7 GPa and glass transition temperatures above 70°C.
Combination of oleate esters and higher oil contents led to rubber-like copolymers comprising relatively rigid and soft domains.
This work discusses the control of copolymer properties and crosslink densities through tuning vegetable oil reactivity and degree of
unsaturation present in tannin ester chains.

Biography :

Warren Grigsby is a Researcher Leader at Scion (New Zealand) with research activity spanning synthetic and polymer chemistry applications of biopolymer
systems. Warren is leading the development of bio-based adhesive and polymer systems that can be used as substitutes for chemicals derived from petroleum.
He has a lead role in the direction and coordination of innovative research efforts in both commercial and government-funded research. His current research
activities include the synthesis of biobased adhesives and resins for use in engineered wood products and high performance composites, novel wood modification
processing strategies, and adapting polyphenolics in a range of applications.

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