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Synthesis of fine controlled sub nanometal particles using a dendrimer reactor
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Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Synthesis of fine controlled sub nanometal particles using a dendrimer reactor


International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Chemistry

March 31-April 01, 2016 Valencia, Spain

Kimihisa Yamamoto

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

We show that tin chlorides, SnCl2 and FeCl3 complexes to the imines groups of a spherical polyphenyl-azomethine dendrimer in a stepwise fashion according to an electron gradient with complexation in a more peripheral generation proceeding only after complexation in generations closer to the core has been completed. The metal assembly in a discrete molecule can be converted to a size regulated metal cluster with a size smaller than 1 nm as a molecular reactor. Due to the well defined number of metal clusters in the subnanometer size region, its property is much different from that of bulk or general metal nanoparticles. Dendrimers are highly branched organic macromolecules with successive layers or ├ó┬?┬?generations├ó┬?┬Ł of branch units surrounding a central core. Organic inorganic hybrid versions have also been produced by trapping metal ions or metal clusters within the voids of the dendrimers. Their unusual, tree like topology endows these nanometer sized macromolecules with a gradient in branch density from the interior to the exterior which can be exploited to direct the transfer of charge and energy from the dendrimer periphery to its core. Here we show that tin ions, Sn2+, complex to the imines groups of a spherical polyphenylazo-methine dendrimer in a stepwise fashion according to an electron gradient with complexation in a more peripheral generation proceeding only after complexation in generations closer to the core has been completed. By attaching an electron withdrawing group to the dendrimer core, we are able to change the complexation pattern, so that the core imines are complexed last. By further extending this strategy, it should be possible to control the number and location of metal ions incorporated into dendrimer structures, which might and uses as tailored catalysts, building blocks or fine controlled clusters for advanced materials.

Biography :

Kimihisa Yamamoto has received his PhD degrees from Waseda University in Polymer Chemistry in 1990. He joined the Department of Chemistry at Keio University from 1997 as a Professor. Currently, he is a Professor in the Chemical Resources Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology since 2010. His present research interests are in developing supra metallomolecules for nanosynthesizers involving nanoparticles, subnanoparticles and super atoms.

Email: yamamoto@res.titech.ac.jp

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 3043

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering received 3043 citations as per Google Scholar report

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