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Synthesis of BaZr0.8Y0.2O3±and#948; dense electrolyte for methanol production at co-ionic electrochemical membrane reactors
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Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Synthesis of BaZr0.8Y0.2O3±δ dense electrolyte for methanol production at co-ionic electrochemical membrane reactors


3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science & Engineering

October 06-08, 2014 Hilton San Antonio Airport, USA

V Stathopoulos and P Pandis

Posters: Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

A novel process for methanol synthesis at atmospheric pressure from CO2 and H2O through the use of co-ionic conducting ceramic Electrochemical Membrane Reactors (EMRs) is under research. These reactors require materials with sufficient ionic conductivity. Three different preparation methods are applied (Solid State method-SS, Auto Combustion-AC and Spray Pyrolysis-SP) in order to produce a suitable single phase electrolyte materials. The target has been to optimize the preparation procedure towards a pure BaZr0.8Y0.2O3δ (BZY) as well as its shaping into dense electrolyte disks/membranes of 1-2mm thickness. In SS method researchers report a persistent impurity phase of Y2O3 in final oxide. However after firing at 1450oC/14h in the presence of a sintering agent, dense structures are prepared. The production protocol applied in this research eliminates the impurity phase prior sintering providing a material of pure perovskite phase for further powder processing. A multistep firing protocol is proposed with ball milling intervals. Two intermediate thermal steps at 600oCand 900oC, ball milling and thermal treatment at 1300oC are applied. On the other hand AC method (cations to citric acid equal to 1:1.5 molar ratio) is successfully applied. Random shaped particles (~7μm) of pure perovskite phase are successfully prepared. Furthermore SP produces cubic like particles even from 500oC. Firing up to 1200oC or 1300oC develops single-phase BZY while the cubic morphology of the primary particles is maintained (~2 μm edge). All the above are verified by XRD, SEM and particle size distribution analysis whilst dense electrolyte pellets are successfully produced with >93% relative density.

Biography :

V Stathopoulos has BSc Chemistry, PhD Physical Chemistry, and Postdoctoral studies from Johannes Gutenberg Univeristat Mainz, Germany. He is the head of Laboratory of Chemistry and Materials Technology, Technological Educational Institute of Sterea Ellada, Greece. His research is focused on oxide ceramics with environmental and energy applications incl. catalysis. He is the coordinator of an EU project (12 partners/8 countries) and well experienced in the management of projects for the private and academic sector. He is author of over 25 scientific publications, >90 conference presentations and several technical papers in the private sector.

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