Study of photocatalytic activity and properties of transition metal ions doped nanocrystalline TiO2 prepared by sol-gel method

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Study of photocatalytic activity and properties of transition metal ions doped nanocrystalline TiO2 prepared by sol-gel method

2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science & Engineering

October 07-09, 2013 Hampton Inn Tropicana, Las Vegas, NV, USA

Kirit Siddhapara and Dimple Shah

Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci

Abstract :

We report the growth of [Fe, Co]xTiO 2 (x=0.01,0.02 &0.04) nanocrystals prepared by Sol-Gel technique, followed by freeze- drying treatment at -30 ░C temperature for 12 hrs. The obtained gel was thermally treated at different temperature like 200, 400, 600, 800 ░C. The crystalline size of 4 to 40 nm is achieved. X-ray diffraction pattern of samples show anatase phases of TiO 2, up to 600 ░C. At 800 ░C, the phase is rutile. The diffraction peak at 25.22░, 25.49░and 25.6░ observed from the XRD pattern of the Fe, Co doped TiO 2 shows that the main crystal phase is anatase, and the peak at 27.47░ indicates the presence of the rutile phase. All the peaks in the XRD patterns of the sample calcined at 200 ░C, 400 ░C and 600 ░C of TM doped TiO 2 can be designated to the anatase phase (most active phase) without any indication of other crystalline phases such as rutile or brookite. As a variant valence metal cation, Fe, Co ions can react with Ti 4+ on the surface of TiO 2 , and Ti 4+ is reduced to Ti 3+ which inhibits the transformation of anatase to rutile. It leads to the reduction in the oxygen vacancies on the TiO 2 surface and suppresses the crystallization of other phases by adsorbing onto the surface of the TiO 2 particles. The photocatalytic degradation of formaldehyde has been successfully demonstrated using a 250 V UV lamp with TM doped TiO 2 nano powder in a specific experimental setup. The degradation rate increases linearly with dopant content increases. This indicates that the photocatalytic reaction in this experiment was effected by dopant concentration. The results obtained in this research contribute to the understanding of binary doped transition metal ions in TiO 2 nanoparticles can lead the efforts of enhancing their environmental application. The magnetic susceptibility of the Fe, Co doped TiO 2 nanopowder increases with increase in doping concentration. Fe, Co doped TiO 2 exhibits para magnetism at room temperature.

Biography :

Kirit Siddhapara under graduated in B.Sc. from P.T science collage of Veer Narmad South Gujarat University (2007), majoring in physics and maths and chemistry as subsidiary subject. He had completed Master of Science in Material Science (Nanotechnology) from The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India by June 2009. At present, He was research scholar at S.V. National Institute of Technology Surat-395007, Since Jan-2010. He has three published paper in international journal like Journal of crystal growth.

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