On N-representability problem in density functional theory

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

On N-representability problem in density functional theory

International Conference and Exhibition on Mesoscopic & Condensed Matter Physics

June 22-24, 2015 Boston, USA

Eugene S Kryachko

Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ukraine

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

In Table, we report the ground-state energies of some representative atoms, obtained within the Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT), and compare them with the corresponding exact energies. Table demonstrates that for these atoms there holds the inequalities EoDFT < Eoexact that break the variational principle. These inequalities remind the known situation with the N-representability problem for second-order reduced density matrix (2-RDM) which arose as follows: Since an electronic Hamiltonian H of N electrons, no matter describing a given molecule or solid, contains at most two-particle operators, the corresponding energy functional / can be written in terms of so-called second-order reduced density matrix (2-RDM). Omitting the Pauli conditions for 2-RDM which are in fact the necessary ones only to satisfy that a given 2-RDM is derivable from N-electronic wave function, Bopp obtained the ground-state energies for the He-isoelectronic series below the exact ones. Altogether, this implies that the xc-density functional potentials GGA, TH1, Bx88/Bc95, and many others are non-N-representable. Table: The ground-state energies, Kohn-Sham DFT and exact, (in Hartrees), of representative atoms.

Biography :

Eugene S Kryachko has completed his PhD from Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine. For about 20 years he worked abroad after receiving the Alexander v. Humboldt Fellowship in 1988 in LMU (Munich). He is the leading research scientist in the Department of Computational Methods in Theoretical Physics in Kiev. He has published more than 250 papers in reputed journals and serving as an Editorial Board Member of some of them.


Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 3677

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering received 3677 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward