Nanostructure Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH): synthesis, characterization and possible applications

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Nanostructure Layered Double Hydroxides (LDH): synthesis, characterization and possible applications

9th World Congress on Materials Science and Engineering

June 12-14, 2017 Rome, Italy

Maria Richetta, P.G. Medaglia, A.Mattoccia, L.Digiammberardino, A.Varone and S.Kaciulis

University of Rome ├ó┬?┬?Tor Vergata├ó┬?┬Ł, Rome, Italy
CNR ISMN, U.O.S. Montelibretti, Rome, Italy

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are ionic lamellar materials belonging to the group of anionic clays. The structure of LDHs (Fig. 1) is based on brucite-like layers containing a divalent M2+ cation coordinated with six OH- hydroxyl groups [1,2]. The substitution of the M2+ metal, with a trivalent M3+ cation, gives rise to the infinite repetition of positively charged sheets (lamellas) alternating with Anions (Fig. 1). The layered structure has attracted increasing interest, because it can host complex organic molecules, intercalated in the interlamellar space. Engineered LDHS can find a wide variety of applications. For instance, they have been investigated as additives in anticorrosion coatings [3,4], in flame-retardants [5], for water treatment and purification [6,7], or for biomedical applications like drug delivery and biosensors [8,9]. Several techniques can prepare LDHs crystallites as: simple one-step hydrothermal process at room temperature;co-precipitation; ion exchange; memory effect reconstruction. To characterize those materials various methods can be applied: from X-ray diffraction to X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy and Auger Electron Spectroscopy [10]. In the present work we will describe the LDHs samples, obtained in our laboratories, varying the growth parameters, with different substrates and on different layers. We will describe the growth of the structure either on biosensors or on circuit, and the intercalation into the nanostructure of biological molecules. The possible correlated applications as gas sensors, drug delivery systems, nanostructuredmodified textile, etc. were also been shown.

Biography :

Maria Richetta has a specific expertise in laser and laser applications for the treatment and preparation of materials. Particular attention has been paid to the study of nanostructured materials. During the last years she has been involved in the characterization of different materials, in particular innovative metallic alloys, through other technique such as XPS, AES, SEM, TEM, XRD and Mechanical Spectroscopy.


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