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Linear propulsion of gold-nickel-platinum nanojet steered by dual off-center nanoengines
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Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Linear propulsion of gold-nickel-platinum nanojet steered by dual off-center nanoengines


16th International Conference on Emerging Materials and Nanotechnology

March 22-23, 2018 | London, UK

Liangxing Hu

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

In this paper, a novel nanojet with dual off-center nanoengines consisting of Au, Ni and Pt is designed, as shown in Figure 1. Au and Ni are shaped as concentric disks with 12 ├?┬Ám in diameter. The thicknesses of Au- and Ni-disks are 0.2 and 0.1 ├?┬Ám, respectively. Two identically off-center Pt nozzle nanoengines form cylindrical chambers and are symmetrically distributed on the base of the Au-Ni disk. The diameter, bottom-thickness, wall-height and wall-thickness of the nozzle nanoengines are 3, 0.3, 1.5 and 0.3 ├?┬Ám, respectively. The propulsion mechanism for the Au-Ni-Pt nanojet is shown in Figure 2. Without the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the nanojet suspended in deionized (DI) water is stationary. After the addition of H2O2 into DI water, oxygen (O2) bubbles are generated at the Pt-surface (the nanojet and O2 bubbles have a joint velocity of v1). The generated O2 bubbles grow bigger (growing state). At this state, the nanojet and O2 bubbles have a same velocity of v2. When O2 bubbles reach a certain diameter, they detach from the surface of the nanojet (detaching state). The nanojet has a velocity of v3, while O2 bubbles have a different velocity of v0. According to the Momentum Conservation Law and the Momentum Theorem, a driving force F├ó┬?┬?drive is generated, resulting from momentum change induced by the detachment of O2 bubbles, to thrust the nanojet propelling forward. The nanojet is equipped with two identically and symmetrically distributed off-center nanoengines, resulting in the total driving force Fdrive is well aligned with the drag force Fdrag. Hence, the Au-Ni-Pt nanojet propels forward linearly. At steady state, the nanojet will continuously propel forward at a speed of v. LHU001@e.ntu.edu.sg

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