Light induced fractional hall phases in graphene

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Light induced fractional hall phases in graphene

3rd International Conference on Theoretical and Condensed Matter Physics

October 19-21, 2017 New York, USA

Pouyan Ghaemi

City College of New York, USA

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

We show how to realize two-component fractional quantum Hall phases in monolayer graphene by optically driving the system. A laser is tuned into resonance between two Landau levels of graphene and acts as an effective tunneling term between these states. We study systems with small number of electrons for filling factor 2/3 using exact- diagonalization. When the lower state is the first Landau level, we find that tuning the effective tunneling amplitude causes the system to undergo a phase transition from a spin-singlet phase to a particle-hole conjugate 1/3 Laughlin phase of the antisymmetric optical dressed states. This phase transition can be traced to the presence of additional cross interaction terms that arise in the rotating wave approximation. These results pave the way towards the realization of new phases, as well as the control of phase transitions, in graphene quantum Hall systems using optical fields and integrated photonic structures.

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