Graphene and derivatives: The G point in regenerative medicine?

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Graphene & derivatives: The G point in regenerative medicine?

2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science & Engineering

October 07-09, 2013 Hampton Inn Tropicana, Las Vegas, NV, USA

Farid Menaa

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Material Sci

Abstract :

Graphene, a 2-D nanomaterial, is an exciting and excitable allotrope of carbon whose structure is a single planar sheet/layer of sp2-bonded carbon atoms that are densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice (i.e. regular hexagonal pattern). A key advance in the science of graphene came in 2004 when A. Geim and K. Novoselov, winners of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2010, managed to extract single-atom-thick crystallites/graphene from bulk graphite, a 3-D nanomaterial. The discovery of the extraordinary intrinsic properties of graphene (e.g. electronical, thermal, mechanical, chemical) has boosted further research and development for various types of applications from electronics to biomedicine. Thereby, since the last decade, graphene and derivatives (e.g. graphene oxide, fluorinated graphenes, 3-D graphene foams) are being extensively explored for the manufacturing of biosensors, the development of innovative theranostics and/or to remotely control cell-substrate interfaces, notably because of their remarkable electro-conductivity. To date, despite the intensive progress in human stem cell research, only a few attempts to use carbon nanotechnology in regenerative medicine have been reported. Interestingly, most of the recent in vitro studies indicate that graphene-based nanomaterials can promote stem cell adhesion, growth, expansion and differentiation. Although the cell viability in vitro is not affected, the potential nanocytoxicity in a clinical setting using humans remains unknown. Therefore, rigorous internationally-standardized clinical studies in humans that would aim to assess the nanotoxicology of graphene- nanobiomaterials are requested. This speech will report and discuss recent and pertinent findings, R&D trends and prospects about graphene and derivatives as valuable nanomaterials for regenerative medicine, personalized and translational medicine, tissue engineering and stem cell research.

Biography :

Farid Menaa (B.Sc. Eng., B.Sc. Bio., M.Sc. Genetics, Master Gerontology/Geriatry, Ph.D. Radiation Oncology and Gerontology, EMBA Entrepreneurship and MD candidate), is an inter- and multi-disciplinary professional. Professor, principal investigator, Director, consultant editor, reviewer, event organizer and entrepreneur, he earned his degrees with highest distinctions from prestigious French universities and institutions. He followed a post-doctoral in oncology as a NIH-fellow (San Diego, California, USA; 2004-2007). Subsequently, he pursued his career in dermatology, and stem cells as a DFG-Fellow (Wuerzburg, Germany; 2007-2009). Then, he was promoted as Chief Scientific Officer and Vice-President R&D at Fluorotronics, Inc. (CA, USA; 2009-2010), a nanotechnology and fluorine chemical company. Eventually, he was appointed Principal Investigator in Hematology and Genomics as a FAPESP-Fellow (SŃo Paulo, Brazil; 2010-2012). His main current focuses are related to preventive, personalized, translational, integrative and nanomedicine, especially in the areas of oncology, regenerative medicine and gerontology, in order to prevent and implement early diagnosis and efficient therapy. He authored and co-authored more than 100 publications (including peer-reviewed ISI research and review articles, books, book chapters, conference proceedings, patents). He is often invited as a speaker, keynote/featured speaker and (co-) chairman to reputed world congresses and institutions, where he is offering speeches in various areas of medicine, sciences and technology.

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