Facile synthesis of oxygen defective yolk-shell BiO2-x for visible light-driven photocatalytic inactivation of Escherichia coli

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Facile synthesis of oxygen defective yolk-shell BiO2-x for visible light-driven photocatalytic inactivation of Escherichia coli

19th World Congress on Materials Science and Engineering

June 11-13, 2018 | Barcelona, Spain

Hongli Sun, Zhifeng Jiang and Po Keung Wong

The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

Statement of the Problem: Engineering catalysts with optimal oxygen vacancies is quite significant, as oxygen vacancy sites are efficient electron capture centers. However, bismuth oxide with oxygen vacancy, a promising VLD catalyst, was rarely reported. Besides, morphology dependent photocatalysis has been intensively focused, as the morphology would directly influence the activities by tuning light utilization, electron transfer processes and interfacial reaction. Yolk-shelled materials are emerging as promising candidates, owing to their charming physicochemical properties like enhanced light absorption ability by multiple reflections of incident light within the interior cavities. However, reports towards oxygen defective BiO2-x with various morphologies are limited, inhibiting in-depth studies of defects and morphology dependent activities. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Facile solvothermal method was used to synthesize oxygen defective BiO2-x with yolk-shell structure. Electron paramagnetic resonance and X-ray photoelectron spectral analyses were adopted to verify the existence of oxygen vacancy. Photocatalytic activity was evaluated by bacterial inactivation. Scavenger studies were utilized to find the key active species in the inactivation process. Findings: Temperature gradient originating from the heating rate caused the variances between the diffusion rate of the core and the formation rate of the shell, resulting in the formation of BiO2-x spheres with different interior structures. Yolk-shell BiO2-x can completely inactivate 7 log E. coli within 3 h, superior than core-shell BiO2-x and commercial Bi2O3. Conclusion & Significance: The oxygen vacancy with a high affinity for molecular oxygen, and the enhanced light absorption ability resulted from multireflection of incident light within the interior voids, contributed to the prominent bacterial inactivation performance. O2- and H2O2 guaranteed the oxidation ability toward bacterial cells. This study would shed light on the design and application of efficient oxygen defective photocatalysts with intricate yolk-shell structures. Recent Publications: 1. Sun H, Li J, Zhang G, Li N (2016) Microtetrahedronal Bi12TiO20/g-C3N4 composite with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity toward gaseous formaldehyde degradation: Facet coupling effect and mechanism study. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 424:311-322. 2. Jiang Z, Qian K, Zhu C, Sun H, Wan W, Xie J, Li H, Wong PK, Yuan S (2017) Carbon nitride coupled with CdSTiO2 nanodots as 2D/0D ternary composite with enhanced photocatalytic H2 evolution: A novel efficient three-level electron transfer process. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 210:194-204. 3. Wang T, Jiang Z, Chu K H, Wu D, Wang B, Sun H, Yip H Y, An T, Zhao H, Wong PK (2018) X-Structured ├?┬▒-FeOOH with enhanced charge Separation for visible-light-driven photocatalytic overall water splitting. ChemSusChem (Accepted).

Biography :

Hongli Sun received her master’s degree in 2016 from School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology. She is currently pursuing her Ph.D. in School of Life Science, The Chinese university of Hong Kong. Her research interests focus on photocatalysis research for energy conversion and environmental remediation, including the synthesis and hybridization of bismuth-based catalysts, and applications in CO2 reduction, bacterial inactivation, hydrogen evolution, etc.

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