Dynamics of single ions and molecules at the surface of solids in solution

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Dynamics of single ions and molecules at the surface of solids in solution

7th Annual Congress on Materials Research and Technology

February 20-21, 2017 Berlin, Germany

Kislon Voitchovsky

Durham University, UK

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

At the interface with solids, liquid tend to behave differently than in bulk. The interaction of the liquid molecules with the surface of the solid and their loss of configurational entropy often results in this interfacial liquid being more ordered and less mobile than its bulk counterpart, with dramatic consequences for the behavior of dissolved molecules and ions. The nanoscale organization and dynamics of interfacial liquids is key to countless processes from lubrication to protein function, heterogeneous catalysis, crystal growth and self-assembly. Experimentally little is known about the behavior of the interfacial liquid at the molecular level, partly for lack of technique able to gather in-situ local information, including over inhomogeneous interfaces. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) can in principle overcome this difficulty and provides sub-nanometer maps of the solvation landscape and the local solid-liquid affinity. Because the measurement is dynamical, more information can be derived about the nanoscale flow of the liquid parallel to the solid. Here, I present studies investigating the unusual dynamics of ions and small molecules at the interface with minerals in solution using a combination of high-resolution AFM and molecular dynamics simulations. I show that hydration water can drive the selfassembly of counter-ions, control adsorption of molecules such as stearate and nitrate, and dominate the surface restructuring of the solid. Tracking the dynamics of single atomic sites in solution shows remarkably slow changes ranging in the millisecond time-scale. Interfacial self-assembly of the liquid itself can also be achieved, for example, when using homogenous solutions comprising two pure liquids such as water and alcohol. The resulting solid-like nanostructures are remarkably stable and comprise both types of molecules. These structures can be exploited for controlled self-assembly and the development of functional interfaces.

Biography :

Kislon Voïtchovsky is currently an Associate Professor (Senior Lecturer) at Durham University, UK. His research focuses on “Molecular-level phenomena occurring at solid/liquid interfaces”. He is particularly interested in mesoscale effects (1-10 nm) that occur at the boundary between atomistic and continuum descriptions of the liquid. Such effects tend to occur in systems where the solid is structurally and chemically heterogeneous on the nanoscale and can give rise to unforeseeable phenomena, often induced by molecular group effects. He is an expert in Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid and developed an experimental approach to map the local behavior of interfacial liquids with sub-nanometer precision.


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