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An approximate semi-classical method that uses real valued trajectories for time dependent tunneling calculations
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Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

An approximate semi-classical method that uses real valued trajectories for time dependent tunneling calculations


9th World Congress on Materials Science and Engineering

June 12-14, 2017 Rome, Italy

Michael F Herman

Tulane University, USA

Keynote: J Material Sci Eng

Abstract :

A semi-classical method will be presented that describes the time dependent tunneling of a quantum wave packet encountering a barrier. Tunneling through barriers plays a significant role in many reactions. The method described in this talk uses an approximation to the standard semi-classical stationary phase method. The approximation employed in this work leads to real valued tunneling trajectories, while most methods for this problem employ complex valued trajectories. Using only real valued trajectories will have significant advantages in applications to larger systems. It is found that there are typically three of these approximate stationary phase contributions to the wave function for each point r in the transmitted region. Two of these have energies very close to the barrier top, one slightly above the barrier top and the other slightly below it. The third approximate stationary phase contribution is at a lower energy. Difficulties in obtaining accurate values for the contributions from trajectories with energy very close to the barrier top will be considered, and the accuracy of the approximate stationary phase wave function will be discussed. Figure 1: A particle flux (red curve) encounters a potential energy barrier (black curve) and tunnels through the barrier (green curve) and a diminished flux emerges on the other side of the barrier (blue) curve.

Biography :

Michael F Herman received his PhD in Theoretical Chemistry from the University of Chicago in 1980. He has been on the Faculty of Tulane University since 1981. His work has focused on the development of semi-classical methods for modeling chemical systems. He also has developed a model for polymer dynamics in the melt, and is studying the influence of intermolecular dipolar couplings between molecular vibrations on isotopic fractionation processes.

Email: [email protected]

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Citations: 2247

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