Impacts on Consumption of Low Calorie Sweetener during Adulthood

Journal of Pharmacognosy & Natural Products

ISSN: 2472-0992

Open Access

Commentary - (2022) Volume 8, Issue 8

Impacts on Consumption of Low Calorie Sweetener during Adulthood

Kidane Aaron*
*Correspondence: Kidane Aaron, Department of Pharmacy, University of Asmara, Asmara, Eritrea, Email:
Department of Pharmacy, University of Asmara, Asmara, Eritrea

Received: 02-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. jpnp-23-85372; Editor assigned: 05-Aug-2022, Pre QC No. P-85372; Reviewed: 16-Aug-2022, QC No. Q-85372; Revised: 22-Aug-2022, Manuscript No. R-85372; Published: 30-Aug-2022 , DOI: 10.37421/2472-0992.2022.8.200
Citation: Aaron, Kidane. “Impacts on Consumption of Low Calorie Sweetener during Adulthood.” J Pharmacogn Nat Prod 8 (2022): 200.
Copyright: © 2022 Aaron K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Consumption of a Western diet in early life is linked to higher caloric intake, obesity risk, and adult metabolic dysfunction. Given that established rodent obesogenic diet models differ from healthy control diets in two main ways, the underlying nutritive mechanisms that mediate these effects are poorly understood. 1) Elevated levels of sugar and dietary fat, particularly saturated fatty acids. In light of the fact that children consume the most sugar of any age group, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major source of sugar in their diets, it is essential to comprehend the long-term effects of habitual sugar consumption in early life without concurrent elevated dietary fat on eating patterns and body weight regulation in adulthood [1].


Dietary and lifestyle interventions to better support healthy growth trajectories in early life have received increased attention in light of the alarming rise in childhood obesity and nutrition-related co-morbidities. Sugar reduction is one of these methods. Consuming foods and beverages in which lowcalorie sweeteners (LCSs) have completely or partially replaced sugars can, at least theoretically, reduce sugar intake while maintaining a pleasant sweet taste; however, the effectiveness of LCSs for weight management and energy balance maintenance is questioned by inconsistent evidence from human and rodent models. It is unclear how habitual sugar or LCS consumption in the early stages of development affects adult energy balance control later in life. When compared to a cafeteria-style Western diet (CAF) during adulthood, the voluntary consumption of a sucrose solution in early life, which modelled a concentration and daily caloric levels commonly consumed by humans, did not have any effects on energy intake, body weight, or glucose homeostasis. Early habitual consumption of ACE-K, but not stevia, disrupted the energy balance for LCSs when they consumed a CAF diet as adults, with significant effects that were gender-dependent. All the more explicitly, both male and female Expert K-uncovered rodents consumed less calories than controls during the grown-up CAF period, yet the females showed a going with huge decrease in body weight, while the guys didn't. The reduced mRNA expression of BMP8B and UCP1 in brown adipose tissue (BAT) in males, whereas no differences were observed in these thermo genic activity markers in females, was most likely the cause of this sex-dependent disparity in ACE-K rats.

Considering the "developmental programming hypothesis," which asserts that early life is a crucial period for programming energy balance and metabolic health later in life, it was surprising that early sugar consumption had no effect on energy balance parameters. However, previous studies have shown that, despite causing long-lasting memory impairments and changes to the micro biome, adolescent consumption of either ad libitum or 5% kcals from sugar of comparable sugar solutions (HFCS or sucrose) in rats did not alter caloric intake or body weight in early adulthood. Together with these previous findings, the current findings suggest that early sugar consumption may have a greater long-term impact on memory function than on ingestive and metabolic outcomes. Adult ACE-K consumption for four weeks had sex-specific effects on adult mice's body weight, with males having higher body weights than controls while females did not differ from controls. Functional genes related to energy metabolism and changes in the composition of the community of gut bacteria were the causes of these variations. The gut microbiome did not show any significant differences in our most recent work using the early life LCS model. However, the previous study did not include adult consumption of the CAF diet. Despite the fact that both our current study and the work support the hypothesis that ACE-K consumption is associated with dysregulation of the energy balance, which is more pronounced in males [2-4].

An especially prominent finding from the current work is the impact of early life stevia utilization, with a critical expansion in admission of the sweet refreshment noticed for females during grown-up CAF diet openness contrasted with controls. However, stevia-exposed females consumed the same amount of calories as controls, and males exposed to stevia did not differ in any other way. Past discoveries show that high portions of stevia bring about body weight decreases starting a month and a half after openness in grown-up female rodents, which recommends that a more extended time of openness and a higher portion than the ADI. High doses of stevia were found to have similar weight-loss and notable anti-diabetic properties in diabetic rats. Stevia may also be an endocrine disruptor, according to in vitro research, but this effect has not yet been demonstrated in human or rodent models to our knowledge. Regardless, our data show that, when consumed within the federally recommended daily limits, stevia consumption in childhood had no effect on overall energy balance, but that it increased sex-dependently the consumption of sugary beverages in adulthood. However, during the adult CAF diet exposure in this study, food alternatives other than a sugar solution and healthy food were presented, which may have affected the total amount of sugar consumed. Importantly, compared to the majority of previous rodent LCS research that used excessive and involuntary consumption, our experiments used voluntary consumption of LCSs that was restricted in accordance with the recommended federal daily limits. This makes the results more applicable to humans. These results distinguish early life exposure as a crucial period for lasting metabolic effects and further emphasize the significance of sex differences in terms of the impacts of LCS consumption on energy balance [5].


According to our findings, consuming low-calorie sweeteners on a regular basis during the early stages of development influences adult energy balance outcomes. For example, consuming ACE-K was associated with decreased expression of genes related to thermogenesis in adult males, while consuming stevia was associated with increased consumption of sugary beverages in adult females.



Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest associated with this manuscript.


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