Social Contract | Open Access Journals

Journal of Animal Health and Behavioural Science

ISSN: 2952-8097

Open Access

Social Contract

In moral and political philosophy, the social contract is a theory or model which emerged during the Enlightenment Age and usually relates to the validity of the state authority over the individual. Arguments in social contracts usually imply that individuals have consented, either directly or tacitly, to abandon all of their rights and submit to the authority. The relationship between natural and legal rights is also a focus for the theory of social contracts. The phrase takes its name from Jean-Jacques Rousseau 's book The Social Contract (French: Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique), a 1762 book that explored this idea. Although the precedents of social contract theory are found in ancient times, in Greek and Stoic philosophy and in Roman and Canon law, the heyday of the social contract was the mid-17th to early 19th centuries, when it emerged as the leading doctrine of political legitimacy.

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