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Molecular Biology: Open Access

ISSN: 2168-9547

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 9, Issue 4 (2020)

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 1

    Cell Adhesion Molecules

    Vishakha Shewale*

    DOI: 10.37421/mbl.2020.09.239

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    Extended Abstract Pages: 1 - 1

    Metabolomics and Diagnosis

    Vishakha Shewale*

    DOI: 10.37421/mbl.2020.09.240

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    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 1

    Red Blood Cells Molecular Biology

    Sudhansu Sekhar Patra*

    DOI: 10.37421/mbl.2020.09.243

    We organized extremely oriented, multi-lamellar stacks of human red blood cell (RBC) membranes used on silicon wafers. RBC ghosts were organized by hemolysis and used onto functionalized silicon chips and annealed to the multi-lamellar RBC membranes. High steadfastness X-ray diffraction has been used to regulate the molecular structure for the stacked membranes. We current direct investigational suggestion that these RBC membranes encompass of nanometer sized fields of essential coiled-coil peptides, as well as liquid ordered (lo) and liquid disordered (ld) lipids. Lamellar spacings, membrane and hydration water coating depths, areas per lipid tail and domain sizes were resolute. The mutual drug aspirin was additional to the RBC membranes and originate to interrelate with RBC membranes and rather partition in the head group area of the lo domain principal to a fluidification of the membranes, i.e., a thinning of the bilayers and a growth in lipid tail spacing. Our consequences further provision present models of RBC membranes as patchy structures and provide unprecedented structural specifics of the molecular organization in the changed domains.

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 1

    Stem Cell Biology on Covid-19

    Sudhansu Sekhar Patra*

    DOI: 10.37421/mbl.2020.09.244

    Stem cells are special type of cells which have unique volume to reinstate themselves and distinguish to give increase to specialized cell types for many tissues. Hence, they are the prime cells of all cell types. Stem cells can be embryonic, fetal, and adult or somatic types. Cells can be reprogrammed insincerely by the summary of endogenous transcription factors through using diseases similar retrovirus to produce iPSCs (induced pluripotent stem cells). There are proteins that are central in the rule of stem cell difference such as bone morphogenic protein -2 (BMP-2), leukocyte inhibitory factor and micro RNAs. Cutting edge study featuring stem cells will gear us to medical discovery of cell-based treatments of numerous diseases happening in animals and human lives. Apart from applications of stem cells there is a prevalent disagreement over the use of embryonic stem cells. The controversy marks the methods used to originate new embryonic stem cell lines which injury the blastocyst. However, reprogramming of adult cells into iPSCs holds great promise for reformative medicine. Development in stem cell research is ever growing and now a day it is gaining a concern and this is a promising indication that adult and embryonic stem cells will be used in the future to treat cancer, paralysis, cardiac failure, stroke, diabetes and many extra viruses. In this article we reviewed the belongings and organization of stem cells, regulatory factors of stem cell pluripotency and differentiation, reprograming and potential clinical applications of stem cells of ethical issues on stem cell therapy.

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 1

    Genomics of Human and Animal Populations

    Sudhansu Sekhar Patra*

    DOI: 10.37421/mbl.2020.09.245

    Genetic variation inspirations genetic factor expression, and this type of variation in gene expression may be professionally mapped to exact genomic regions and variants. Now we have used gene expression profiling of Epstein-Barr virus–transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines of all 270-separate genotyped in the HapMap Grouping to explain the thorough features of genetic variation fundamental gene expression variation. We discovery that gene expression is transmissible and that difference between populations is in agreement by earlier small-scale studies. A full connotation analysis of over 2.2 million common SNPs per population (5% frequency in HapMap) by gene expression recognized at least 1,348 genes with association signals in cis and at least 180 in trans. Replication on minimum one independent population was achieved for 37% of cis signals and 15% of trans signals, correspondingly. Our results powerfully support a profusion of cis-regulatory difference in the human genome. Detection of trans effects is limited but proposes that regulatory variation might be the key main effect contributing to phenotypic variation in humans. We also discover several methodologies that advance the present state of analysis of gene expression variation.

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