Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering

ISSN: 2169-0022

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 10, Issue 8 (2021)

    Research Pages: 1 - 9

    Developing a Practical Chemical Process to Prepare Boron-Doped Carbon (CBx) Materials with High Thermal-Oxidative Stability

    Joseph Vandy Sengeh, Wei Zhu, Houxiang Li and T. C. Mike Chung*

    This paper discusses a new method to prepare boron doped carbon (CBx) material with some substitutional boron atoms homogeneously distributed in the highly graphitic structure. The chemistry involves a mesophase boron-doped pitch (B-Pitch) prepared by mixing a borane reagent (i.e., dichlorophenylacetylborane) with petroleum pitch at 400°C. The resulting mesophase B-Pitch was further diluted with the starting pitch to adjust its softening temperature and melt viscosity, they are essential during the preparation of C/C composites. A resulting B-Pitch/Pitch blended precursor with 3.3 mol% B content and a softening temperature of 300°C was directly converted to CBx CBx CBx CBx B2O3 surface layer to slow down the oxygen diffusion into the matrix and stability. CBx) CBx at 2300°C under argon atmosphere, showing a char yield of 81%. The presence of a small percentage of B atoms in this B-Pitch/Pitch precursor catalyzes the carbonization/graphitization to form a highly graphitic CBx structure. Compared to synthetic graphite, which is stable in air up to 500°C, the resulting CBx shows higher thermal-oxidative stability. In air at 600°C, no weight loss was observed after 6 hours. At 700°C and 800°C, there was no detectable weight loss for 80 minutes. Evidently, the homogeneous distribution of B atoms in the CBx matrix is essential in continuously providing a protective B2O3 surface layer to slow down the oxygen diffusion into the matrix and delay the thermal/oxidative degradation process. Overall, this new precursor technology may offer the C/C composite manufacturing with reduced pyrolysis cycles and increased thermal/oxidative stability in high temperature applications.

    Research Pages: 1 - 6

    Experimental Determination of Anisotropic Work Hardening of Aluminum Sheet Under Plane Stress

    Vaishak NL, Dilip Kumar K* and Neelakantha VL

    Metal forming process such as extrusion, rolling, sheet metal forming etc. where the work piece are subjected to finite strain and stress. Metal forming is an ancient art and is a vast subject of closely guarded of secrets in antiquity. In many respects the old craft traditions have been retained until present time. Unfortunately, a series of problem arises when commissioning a new production or when changes made from one well known material to another. Current trends towards adaptive control and flexible manufacturing systems call for more precise definition and understanding of the process. This will ensure much better control over a production, dimension and quality. Practical test to determine the best tool shape and forming condition can be very expensive and wasteful of tool and work piece material. Many cases of simple component forming operations may result in cracking during production or become weakened by high residual stress. In view of above, aluminum sheet metal forming has been active subject for the past three decades and current trends indicate importance of the sheet metal forming operation, since it has applications in automotive and aero industries. Major problem in aluminum sheet metal forming operation were deformability and spring back effect. Deformation errors and spring back effect are dependent on the number of parameters such as die and tool geometry, friction condition, loading condition and anisotropic properties of the metal. Computer modeling of sheet metal forming of aluminum sheet metal will help in predicting deformity error and spring back effect which saves lot of money and time due to the prediction gives accurate results.

    Research Pages: 1 - 3

    Use of Smog Eating Concrete in Road Construction

    Ramya HN, Darshan MN*, Naveen kumar GS, Gangashree AB and Sagar KS

    In today’s world one of the major problems is pollution. In order reduce the pollution we need sustainable solution this sustainability includes socio economical equity. and environmental protection. To achieve sustainable solution, these three issues must be solved. Titanium dioxide blended concrete is the most promising solution for this ever increasing problem. This concrete has the same structural properties to normal concrete but because of the presence of titanium dioxide in the concrete which removes the pollutants effectively. This solution provides a viable option to high traffic volume roads or areas. The smog absorbing or photocatalytic concrete acts as pollution reducer. It means which converts harmful pollutants into harmless pollutants. In our project we are making concrete blocks by replacing the cement with titanium from 0% to 5% and we tested the blocks for compressive strength and smog absorbing test to know the number of pollutants absorbed by the concrete blocks by using Multi Gas Analyser machine and we compare the results with normal concrete.

    Commentary Pages: 1 - 1

    Industrial Applications in Materials Science

    Li Huang*

    Materials researchers work with different kinds of materials (e.g., metals, polymers, ceramics, fluid precious stones, composites) for a wide scope of uses (e.g., energy, development, gadgets, biotechnology, nanotechnology) utilizing current preparing and revelation standards (e.g., projecting, added substance producing, covering, dissipation, plasma and radiation handling, man-made brainpower, and programmatic experiences).

    Research Pages: 1 - 8

    Effect of Gamma Radiation on New Promising Quaternary Cu2lnsns4 Semiconductor: Transformation via Hydrophobic To Hydrophilic Surface for Controlled Photocatalytic Performance

    Chayma Nefzi*, Bechir yahmadi, Nizar el Guesmi, Jorge M. Garcia and Najoua Kamoun-Turki

    The present work highlights the influence of gamma-radiation on Cu2InSnS4 (CITS) thin films deposited by spray pyrolysis technique. Irradiation treatment was carried out by different doses (20-40-60-80 and 100 kGy) of γ-radiation using Co60 as source. The physical investigations of samples were demonstrated using energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Maud software, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Spectrophotometer and Drop Shape Analysis System. Firstly, XRD patterns reveal a decrement in peak intensities followed by the division of peaks related to (204) and (312) lattice plans after gamma-radiation. All films were crystalized into stannite structure and the crystallites were orientated towards (112) plan. Secondly, EDX spectroscopy reflects an appreciably decrease in Cu, In, Sn and S contents. SEM micrographs clearly show a total morphological modification from nanospherical to pyramidal shapes at 60 kGy, hierarchical rods and lamellar shapes at 100 kGy. Therefore, a special emphasis has been focused on surface wettability of irradiated films, which point out the hydrophilic surface after irradiation. As known, hydrophilic character has a notable beneficial role on photocatalytic activity that may be due to the active surface area and the adsorption of dye. Based on the relationship between hydrophilicity and photocatalysis, we have confirmed experimentally the better capacity of irradiated CITS thin film with 60 kGy to decompose Rhodamine B (RhB) dye under Xenon irradiation. Long-term runs confirm the stability of irradiated CITS with 60 kGy for photocatalytic process after an overall duration for 5h:30 (4 cycles of 120 min each). This result demonstrates that irradiated CITS with 60 kGy may considered as an efficient stable photocatalyst for the remediation of water polluted.

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