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Journal of Forensic Research

ISSN: 2157-7145

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 12, Issue 2 (2021)

    Perspective Pages: 1 - 2

    Fireworks: Requisite for Forensics Evolution from Conventional to Green Crackers in India ??? A Perspective

    Sweta Sinha and Kavita Goyal

    Social life in India is enriched with festivals, traditions and cultural events, often, associated with bursting crackers during celebration. Firework exhibition and bursting crackers are a symbol of jubilation. The hazardous effects of fireworks are often obscured by the cloud of smoke and amusement ultimately breeding root cause to severe accidental injuries. Fire accidents occur due to surpassing supervisory measures while handling fireworks [1-3]. The illicit production, sale, illegal trade of crackers is another major direct challenge for criminal judiciary system and regulatory authorities [4-6]. Television, print and social media are crammed with evidences apart from actual incident data where crackers played a major role in crime. The chemistry of conventional fireworks has not much transmuted since archaic times. Common constituents in fireworks are carbon centered fuel, a reducing agent and an amalgamation of metal salts functioning as oxidant and colourants. The lightening of fireworks commences with an exothermic process engendering smoke as a by-product holding gases like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide, as well as suspended particulate matter between PM2.5-PM10. Conventional fireworks also integrate hazardous chemicals like nitrates of strontium, sodium and barium, carbonates of strontium, calcium, barium and copper, sulphates of strontium and calcium, chlorides of calcium and barium, aluminium and magnesium salts, sodium oxalate, copper oxide, iron dust powder and potassium perchlorate, which act as stabilizers, oxidizers and colorants [7]. Both metals and radicals determine the presence of explosive material. All these residues are hazardous in nature

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

    A Lead to a Speedy Identification of Disaster Victims ??? Forensic Anthropology

    Isha Chauhan

    Identification of victims is one of the most significant concerns while investigating the scene of occurrence but due to the delay in time of identification
    it becomes difficult for the authorities to enable identification. The use of modern forensic techniques including the knowledge from disciplines like
    forensic anthropology, toxicology, post blast residue analysts, forensic odontologists so as to speed up the investigation. The paper reviews the role
    of a forensic anthropologist in the Disaster victim identification, on and off site. The use of radiographic techniques in order to know the biological
    profile of the deceased as well to assist relocation in case of a fragmented body. In the current scenario, the forensic involvement of experts though
    has been increased in identifying the victims, but still there needs to be more deployment at ground zero in order to increase proper investigation.
    Disaster victim identification is a multidisciplinary approach and so collaboration from all the disciplines is needed so as to render justice.

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 2

    A Reviewon Homologous Relations in Muscle Forms: Result of Phylogeny between Reptiles and Man

    Oghenefego Michael Adheke

    The biological diversity of vertebrates is uniquely significant to the concept of phylogeny. Phylogeny is a branch of evolutionary biology that
    studies the evolutionary relationships between certain organisms. Reptiles and mammals are said to share the same evolutionary ancestry called
    the amniotic-egged ancestor. This ancestor is divided into two groups; sauropsids (reptiles) and the synapsids (mammals). According to some
    authors, the broadest group of the reptilian family is the sub-class Squamata. Examples of animals within this sub-class include, lizards, crocodiles,
    snakes and amphisbaenians. However, man (Homo sapiens) belonging to the primate class, are the most intelligent and complex of all mammals.

    Opinion Article Pages: 1 - 1

    Criminological Distinguishing Proof of Single Colored Hair Follicular Strand is Now Conceivable

    Sowmya Uttam

    Raman spectroscopy is a logical method dependent on the actual marvel
    of Raman dissipating, which models certain vivacious connections that happen
    when photons crash into issue. SERS is a unique sort of Raman spectroscopy
    that gives a "primary unique finger impression" of a material in any event,
    when not many atoms are available in the objective example. Then again,
    XRF examination includes lighting a material with X-beams and looking at the
    energies of photons re-transmitted when the electrons in the example leave
    the energized states. XRF investigation is particularly valuable to figure out
    which metallic components are available in a material.

    Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

    Report Uncovers the Most Grown-Ups Passing on Rashly of Normal Causes Didn't Look for Clinical Assistance.

    Sowmya Uttam

    The exploration, distributed as of late in PLOS One, found key components
    identifying with untimely grown-up passings by examining dissection reports
    and medico-legal demise examination records of 1,282 individuals between
    the ages of 25 and 59 who kicked the bucket in Harris County in 2013. As
    indicated by milestone research distributed in 2015, there has been a
    sensational flood in the death pace of moderately aged white Americans since
    1999. Untimely grown-up passings are characterized as passing before the
    normal mortality age.

    Volume 12, Issue 3 (2021)

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 3

      A Review of Suicide Note Analysis Studies in India

      Mukta Rani

      Suicide note also known as death note is message left by someone who commits suicide or who intends to commit suicide. It is the closest and the final word we get to the suicidal mind before death. Due importance should be given at the site of crime for recovery of suicide note as it is an important piece of evidence showing psyche of the patient and plays an important role in understanding reasons of suicide. Due to scarcity of data on the study of suicide note the present article is an effort to evaluate the psychology of victim in suicide notes with respect to mode of writing, to whom it is addressed and victim’s last wish. The present article is just a small effort, studies involving larger number of suicide notes are required to have psychological insight of the person committing suicide, and eventually such data may lead to prevention of suicides.

      Case Report Pages: 1 - 3

      Sexual Abuse: Investigation of Rape, Sodomy and Murder

      Sharon Dinil Kumar and Vishal Saini*

      In the world there is widely increased of the sexual offences, this is the serious problem in every society. It has not only put permanent stains on the victim but as well as her entire family into degrades and shame. The progressive number with the sexual assault being targeted on woman, infants, homosexuals and animals, by the different manner of assault style like Sodomy and the killer is male. Many children, sadly become victims of sex-related homicides perpetrated by the very persons who are supposed to protect them from evil. There are four categories of rapists are power reassurance, power assertive, anger retaliatory, and anger excitation. It is important to bring justice to the society and should fear the consequences the criminals will face. We present a case study which will bring about the importan t facts and figures of how forensic science is helpful to give conclusions to the cases. In some cases the criminal profile has been discussed suggesting psychiatric and psychological analysis of the sexual offender in such heinous crime.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

      Perception of Forensic Odontology and its Practice among the Local Dentists of an Institution

      Shivani Bhakhri

      Forensic odontology has developed as one of the admired and significant branches of forensic sciences.Therefore, the main intention of the study is to scrutinize the perception of forensic odontology and its practiceamong the dental practitioners. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 152 subjects including interns, BDSstaff and MDS staff through a questionnaire proforma. The proforma consisting of 16 questions was prepared on thetopic of forensic odontology. The student’s t-test and ANOVA test were used as tests of significance for dataassessment and the statistical significance was set at p<0.05. In this study, 85% of dental practitioners maintaindental records and the most frequently used method among all is to record patient details (25.50%) which is followed by dental history (21.20%). Dental hard tissue (48.5%) and DNA (41.4%) examination were considered the ideal method of identification in case of mass disasters. Overall understanding of the theme seemed to be superior in senior faculty. This study shows that although there is an adequate knowledge and good attitude among dental practitioners regarding forensic odontology, yet they need more exposure from practical point of view.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

      Cheiloscopy: A Frequency Based Approach for IV Quadrant in Female Lip Print

      Shikshita Khanna

      Cheiloscopy is a forensic investigation technique that deals with identification of humans based on lips traces.The aim of this study was to establish the uniqueness of lip prints and to look out for any new character which aidsin personal identification. In the study, we followed the classification of patterns of the lines on the lips proposed by Jerzy Kasprzak in 1990. In the present study we collect the lip prints of 50 females of 18-25 years of age (havingfull dentition) were collected the lip prints were then studied for the  pattern and characteristic features present at itsquadrant for analyzing variations, and to determine the most common pattern in the study population. The statistical calculation after study estimated that Simple Bifurcation is more prominent in upper lip with 56% and Simple BottomBifurcation is prominent in lower lip with 68%. However calculation shows that A Line Like (I) feature is most common,when both upper and lower lips are taken into consideration with 44% presence. On extensive of lip prints samples,a new character “A Bar” denoted as “x” in the script was found in both upper and lower lip with a frequency of 14%and 16% respectively. The present study is an attempt to propose a better method of personal identification basedon lip prints for forensic investigation

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

      Influence of Socio-Cultural Factors on Homicide The Nigeria Case Study

      Obiorah CC

      Background: Understanding the socio-cultural factors that underlie homicide is central to prevention of such cases. This study was carried out to determine the similarities and differences in the patterns of homicide in two socio-culturally diverse parts of Nigeria.
      Materials and Method: Duplicate copies of autopsy reports of homicide victims in Port Harcourt, Rivers State and Kano city, Kano State over 11 and 6 year periods respectively were retrieved and analyzed for age, gender, circumstances of death, mechanisms of death, causes of death and types of weapons used.
      Results: show that 1,004 cases (91/year rate) and 113 cases (18/year rate) of homicides were recorded respectively in Port Harcourt and Kano city during the study periods. The predominant age group of victims in the two cities was the 21 to 30 year age group, with male: female ratio of 12:1 and 16:1 for Port Harcourt and Kano city respectively. The top ranking weapons of choice were firearm (68.9%) in Port Harcourt and sharp daggers (44.2%) in Kano city. While armed robbery and cult attacks were common in Port Harcourt, ethno-religious clashes predominated among circumstances surrounding homicides in Kano. While head injuries in the Port Harcourt homicides were mostly from gunshots those in Kano city were mostly due to blunt trauma.
      Conclusion: This study has shown that socio-cultural differences in religion, type of weapons available and to which local residents are exposed to during upbringing, gender role, functional rule of law, use of psycho-active substances and increased population and its dynamics are important factors that determine patterns of homicide in Nigeria

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