Journal of Forensic Research

ISSN: 2157-7145

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Review Article Pages: 1 - 4

    Social rights and the (lack of) control of power: The Brazilian case

    Airto Chaves*

    One of the good indicators of social control of power is the way in which contemporary societies deal with transitional justice. The most academic approaches to transitional justice, especially in Brazil, usually does not observe the role played by The Supreme Court in particular, and the judiciary in general. This paper seeks to make a relatively different approach. We observe the regulatory frameworks of the Brazilian authoritarian periods, such as the preamble of the 1937 Brazilian Constitution and the preamble of the Institutional Act n. 1/64, looking at them as they were like the Comic Code Authority, in a comparative approach, and observing, also in a comparative way, the Supreme Court as representative of a kind of “Ring of Gyges”, the mythical famous magical artifact mentioned by Plato in his Republic, in order to allow the “invisibility” of supposed heroes at authoritarian regimes, in a struggle that sought to identify “good guys” and “bad guys”, or the “good” versus “evil” in a context in which normative transitional disputes resemble reports of different narratives, and within which the version matters more than the responsibility for the violation of rights and the human dignity. This paper uses the essay style, through bibliographic review as a method to talk about the theme described in this abstract.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

    Study of Diatom Flora of Kaalesar Ghat of Rapti River at Gorakhpur for Forensic Consideration

    Dubey A. D., Ashutosh Mall* and Lav Kesharwani

    Diatoms are unique algae. They are scientifically known as Bacillariophyceae. Diatoms have been used in forensic science in a variety of ways, the most frequent being the diagnosis of death by drowning. When a person drowns, water will enter the lungs and then enter the bloodstream through ruptures in the peripheral alveoli before being carried to the other organs such as the liver and heart. Naturally, the microscopic contents of the water, which will include diatoms, will pass into the blood as well. The detection of diatoms in the organs can contribute to a diagnosis of death by drowning, a process referred to as the ‘diatom test’. A study was conducted in the department of Forensic Science, SHUATS, Prayagraj which included the extraction and identification of diatoms from the collected water samples from three different sites of Kaalesar Ghat of Rapti River in Gorakhpur. The acid digestion method was used for diatom extraction. And, after analysis total 13 diatom species were found. The identified diatoms were of great ecological assessment that plays an important role in criminal investigations related to pre-mortem or ante-mortem drowning.

      Commentary Pages: 1 - 2

      A Novel Epigenetic Reader of PRMT1-Mediated H4R3me2a

      Quan Zhao, Bing Yao

      Deregulation of chromatin modulators and chromatin structure play an important role in cancer progression. Unregulated PRMT1 which triggers asymmetric dimethylation of histone H4 on arginine 3 (H4R3me2a) is essential for human Colorectal Cancer (CRC) cell proliferation. Thus, to define the physiopathological significance of this particular epigenetic code will contribute to precision therapy in CRC. In the current study, we found that SMARCA4 is a novel effector molecule of PRMT1-mediated H4R3me2a. PRMT1 and SMARCA4 act cooperatively to CRC progression through transcriptionally activating expression of EGFR and TNS4 to enhance EGFR signaling. These findings reveal a critical interplay between epigenetic and transcriptional control during CRC progression, suggesting that PRMT1/SMARCA4 inhibition is a novel therapeutic intervention strategy for CRC.

        Review Article Pages: 0 - 4

        Forensic Ornithology: Exploring beyond the Sky

        Arushi Chawla*and Drishti Patel

        Ornithology is a branch of zoology which is concerned with the scientific study of birds. Ornithologists study the morphology, anatomy, habitat, behavior, taxonomy, systematics, evolution, eating and breeding habits of birds. Birds are often the victims of heinous crimes and aircraft accidents. Forensic ornithology is a branch of ornithology, which deals with the identification of the specific bird species from the fragmentary remains at the site of incident. Forensic Ornithologists use physical microscopic and DNA bar-coding techniques for comparing the fragmentary remains and identification. Identification of the species of the bird helps to understand their true nature, their habitat, and thus manifest how they can be conserved and protected from crimes. A bird strike can cause significant damage to an aircraft and thus to human life. The data on birds provided by forensic ornithologists can also be used to stop them from coming to airports and avoid accidents. The purpose of this review article is to promote the importance of birds and also the field and scientific techniques of forensic ornithology and enlighten people about the same. Birds serve as predators, pollinators, scavengers, seed dispersers, seed predators, and ecosystem engineers and thus help maintain the ecosystem. This makes them of decisive and crucial importance to humans as well as our planet. The right application of forensic ornithology can lead to safer travels both of humans and birds.

          Case Report Pages: 1 - 6

          Sustained Human Combustion. A case-Related Reconstruction of a Bizarre Scene

          Franklin van de Goot, HRM van de Goot and J Keja

          Withi n forensic sciences, every investigation is unique. Even though similar situations can certainly occur, every situation is, in itself, different from all other ones. Much evidence for similar cases can be obtained from classical literature. However, one should always exercise restraint by recognizing that even though a specific case may be similar to cases in classic literature, it is never exactly the same.

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Citations: 1571

Journal of Forensic Research received 1571 citations as per Google Scholar report

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