Journal of Forensic Research

ISSN: 2157-7145

Open Access

Article in Press

Volume 12, Issue 3 (2021)

    Short Communication Pages: 1 - 2

    Data Assessment and Forensic Medical Examination of �??Sexual Integrity Crimes�?�

    Saptarshi Pal

    A forensic medical examination when committing depraved acts is carried out only in cases where there are any changes on the body of the victims, according to which it is possible to establish the fact of such actions. An examination may also be carried out in respect of material evidence. At the same time, the jurisdiction of a forensic medical expert includes the detection of traces and changes on the body of victims, as well as the mechanisms of their formation. The fact of depraved actions is established by the court and the investigating authorities.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 3

    Determination of Sex by Applying Discriminant Function Analysis on the Linear Measurements of the Mental and Mandibular Foramen using OPG-A Retrospective Study

    Sukanya Desingurajan

    Disaster may be caused by natural events such as severe flooding, earthquake or volcanic can also be due to human activities such as mishaps involving mass transport by Land Sea, air and other causes include war, boundary disputes. Identification of individual victims by devital means is one of the most reliable methods. In case of severe disintegration visual recognition of facial features and finger prints are often impossible due to soft tissue destruction. This situation necessitates the use of the hard calcified tissue such as human dentition and jaws, pelvis and skull.

    Volume 12, Issue 7 (2021)

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 10

      The Lynching of Billey Joe Johnson

      Bryan R Burnett*

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      The victim died in 2008 by a near contact, penetrating discharge by a 12 gauge shotgun to his left head at the ear. The determination of the manner of death was suicide, later concluded by a grand jury to be accidental. However, death scene images and reports reveal an obvious homicide. The scene and autopsy were documented by six digital cameras at different times. This homicide is unusual: 1) Prior to this report, there was no expert analysis of the evidence. 2) Blowback from the victim’s head was substantial, propelling tissue as much as 14.3 m (47 feet) from the victim. 3) The shotgun’s position at discharge was not possible for either suicide or accident scenarios. 4) The shooting scene was ineptly staged. 5) The staging of the shooting scene continued into the scene processing which was image documented with metadata time stamps. 6) Multiple persons were involved in the homicide.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

      Employee Perspectives on Fire Safety at Workplaces in India: An Empirical Study

      Glorita S. Fernandes* and C. F. Mulimani

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      Fires in India account for the loss of property and lives as seen in examples of the AMRI Hospital Fire in Kolkata, Kamala mills fires at Mumbai, Carlton Tower fire in Bengaluru, etc. Hence, it is important to prepare strategies for minimizing fire incidents when possible, example workplaces. In this regard, this research study was undertaken to assess the present status of knowledge regarding fire safety practices at the Indian workplace. The assessment will help in initiation of better action strategies towards fire risk management and mitigation. In this study, employee perspectives regarding fire safety and awareness at workplaces were collected and analysed. This paper provides information about workplace fire safety protocols, preparedness of employees to handle emergency and personal coping strategies when faced with workplace fires. The study found that while most employees were aware of personal safety procedures; the awareness regarding usage of fire safety aids was lacking. Ultimately, workplace safety procedures need to be enhanced in certain cases to effectively combat and deal with future fire incidents.

      Review Article Pages: 1 - 6

      Advancing Nanomaterials for Detection of Organophosphorus Nerve Agents in Forensic Application: A Review

      Amar Pal Singh, R.K Sarin, Utkarsh Jain and Nidhi Chauhan*

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      The pesticide poisoning cases are one of the most common referred for examination in Forensic Laboratories. Currently, these laboratories detect pesticides in visceral samples by using conventional techniques namely Thin-layer Chromatography, Gas Chromatography, High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry techniques in antemortem and postmortem crime exhibits. However, these techniques are constrained by various factors including low sensitivity, efficiency, time consumption, high cost and require trained personnel to operate. The rapid development in the field of nanotechnology and nanomaterials will certainly pave the way for the development of new methods for detection of Organophosphorus pesticides in exhibits referred for forensic examination with the potentials to overcome the limitations of the conventional techniques. The researchers of various disciplines including chemical, biological, physical, medicine, explosive, fingerprinting, environment and biochemistry are exploring the Nanomaterials and Nanotechniques. Various Nanomaterials based sensors and detection techniques have been developed which have been found powerful tools for pesticides detection at very low level in food samples and contaminated water. These Nanotechniques and Nanomaterials may render great help in detection of pesticides in poisoning cases. Therefore, in forensic examination, it is decisive to apply the novel promising Nanomaterials and Nanotechniques for detection of OrganoPhosphorus (OP) pesticides with high sensitivity, selectively and rapidity.

      This review paper provides an insight of using nanomaterials based techniques for detection of OP pesticides

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