According to WHO, lack of knowledge is one of the leading causes for women not attending antenatal care. Knowledge and awareness of normal pregnancy and breastfeeding practices is the key to make informed decision during the precious time in women’s life. Offering structured, easy to follow education helps the mothers to be aware of the healthcare trends and available care optio
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are multisystem diseases, which is leading cause of maternal mortality and complicates 5%–10% of pregnancies. The morbidity and mortality rate can be decreased by early detection and management of hypertensive disorders by midwives. Therefore the main aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge and associated factors on hypertensive disorder of pregnancy among midwives working in governmental health facility of Tigray Ethiopia, 2017. An institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted from November, 20 to December 20, 2017 and cluster sampling technique was used to select a total of 297 midwives. The collected data were coded and entered to EPI-Info version 3.5.1 and data were exported to SPSS version 20 and the finding of the result was presented in texts, graphs and tables and those variables which have p-value < 0.05 was taken as cut of value for significance
Anxiety and depression during pregnancy are major health problems among reproductive aged women that can have deleterious effects on mother, fetus and family members. However, anxiety, depression and the associated factors are under researched in the pregnancy, especially in low income countries
Background and Aim: The postpartum period is a critical then effects on the structure of the family. Most women in the postpartum period may place at risk of undesirable experiences such as changes in sleep patterns. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the efficacy of the relaxation program on sleep quality of mothers with premature infants
As the need for graduating more nurses into the global workforceincreases, the number of nursing faculty are predicted to decline related to the aging nursing faculty workforce. When new faculty step up to fill the roles vacated by their retiring colleagues, they will need to be prepared to educate, not just in the traditional classroom, but in a cyber environment as well. Whether as short-term adjunct faculty or as a full time career path educator, the knowledge and skills of educating are very different then those needed as clinical nurses. Syllabi development, traditional classroom management, organizing course and program content, supervising online discussion boards, and promoting critical thought development in students are just some of the necessary abilities. Personal skills to procure a teaching position include effective CV development, job search activities, and successful interviewing techniques for the academic environment. The unique characteristics of academia require specific qualities in successful faculty. This presentation will offer guidance to nurses wishing to transition to the role of faculty, especially in the online format, although the skills can be applied to the traditional role as well. From how to find the first teaching position to virtual classroom management, focused and useful recommendations will be provided. Preparing students to enter successful nursing careers can be a rewardingcareer transition for nurses who wish to give back to their professional.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by a protozoan parasite called Plasmodium, which lives part of its lifein humans and part in Anopheles mosquitoes. The disease is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions, includingAfrica, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and some parts of Europe.Malaria in pregnancy considered to be one of the major public health issues in sub-Saharan Africa. Pregnant women are of a specific risk group for Plasmodium falciparum infection, malaria and related health issues. This increased risk is partially due to physiological changes of immunity. Moreover, in pregnancy and by virtue of specific expression variants of the P. falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein-1, parasite strains adhere to the syncytiotrophoblast, that is the surface lining the placental intervillous space. The research was conducted in the Dichemso district in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Dichemsois district of about 25000 inhabitants. Subsistence farming and trade are the main sources of income in the district. In the year 2000, P. falciparum among women attending antenatal care at Church of God Hospital was detected in 41% and 59% by microscopy and PCR assays of peripheral blood samples, respectively. From January 2019 to January 2020, women attending Church of God hospital for delivery were asked to participate in the present study and recruited after informed written consent was obtained. All women were clinically examined, sociodemographic data were documented, and venous peripheral blood collected into EDTA. Fever was defined as an axillary temperature >37.4°C. Following expulsion and after a small incision had been made into the maternal surface of the placenta, blood from the intervillous space was collected with a syringe containing EDTA. P. falciparum was screened for in both placental and peripheral blood samples by microscopy, HRP2 test, and PCR: malaria parasites were counted microscopically on Giemsa-stained thick blood films per 500 white blood cells for peripheral samples and per 100 high-power fields for placental samples in which the presence of leukocyte-associated haemozoin was also recorded.
Undergoing chemotherapy for cancer patientto get rid of disease is the essential part of the treatment of many cancer conditions. The most common and effective treatment modality to manage cancer is chemotherapy. According to Zhou et al. (2011), this modality has some severe effects on body,mind, spirit, social life and family life as well. Some physical effects aree.g. myelosuppression, gastrointestinal toxicity, cardiotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, ototoxicity etc.Sometimes the chemotherapy treatment to manage these side effects is discontinued. Apart from the physical problems,patients also face sleep disruption and other symptoms of depression and anxiety. Patients may also have trouble concentrating or paying attention and mood change (National Comprehensive Cancer Network, 2019). Any person, who is diagnosed with cancer, has many types of reaction, concerns and worries. If not all, maximum patients get shocked and reluctant withdisbelief; they feel feared of the consequences of treatment, prognosis of disease and get anxious. They become angry, guilty and blame their God. As a result, most of the time people feel sad, face loneliness, and some of them lose control on their emotions and get emotional that decreases their quality of life. For these kinds of situations, there should be a person to attend them all the time during their tenure of chemotherapy treatment, to prepare patients at home and empower them in managing their worries with courage (Cancer Council of Australia, 2019).
Malonga Kaj FranÃ§oise
Introduction: The HIV infection causes and promotes the huge nutritional deficits in children. The aim of this work was to analyze the nutritional status of children infected with HIV put on ARVs in the Ruashi Health Zone in Lubumbashi. Methods: We conducted a descriptive cross study that focused on 51enfants aged 3 months to 17 years selected 8 support structures of People Living with HIV AIDS, from January to June 2016. Data collection was performed by literature review and the usual descriptive statistics and anthropometric indicators were used.Result: The prevalence of global malnutrition was 31.37% (n = 51), 7.84% moderate malnutrition. The average weight of 19.25 kg with a minimum weight of 4.5 kg, and a maximum of 49kg. The overall prevalence of anemia (hemoglobin <11 g / dl) was 9.8%. Wasting concerned 3.92% and 7.84% of children were chronically malnourished. The prevalence of acute malnutrition was 25.48%, including 3.92% of severe acute malnutrition. Immunodeficiency (CD4 <350) in 5.88% of cases, undetectable viral load at 88.37% and an adherence to 92.16%Conclusion: HIV / AIDS affect child health status in Ruashi with 31.37% global malnutrition and 7.84% stunting. Good nutritional and therapeutic support to children is needed.
Introduction: Gender inequalities remain a cause of great concern in Congo. The impact on maternal health, particularly in rural areas, reflects this. Objectives: Describe the epidemiological profile of reproductive health-related diseases in women in a rural health center in Congo. Patients and methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study from January to September 2019 at the Centre de santé de Bétou, in Likouala, Congo. Women aged 13 to 45 years received for a reproductive health problem were included. Data were collected from the registers and processed using MS Excel®. Results: A total of 2127 women were included. Of these, 1063 came at least to the first prenatal consultation (49.7%), 994 (44.19%) for a birth and 70 for genderbased violence. Pregnancies were pathological in 15.46% of cases (n=329). Sexually transmitted infections were found in 11.8% (n=251) of pregnant women. HIV test coverage was 4.6% (n=98). The caesarean section rate was 11.06%. Maternal and neonatal deaths represented 696/100,000 and 22.3/1000 live,births respectively. Rape constituted 41.4% of cases of gender-based violence (n=29). Conclusion: This work shows high morbidity and mortality among pregnant women in Bétou,low coverage of HIV testing and a high rate of rape. The availability of qualified human andmaterial resources is a challenge
Objective: Persistent thin endometrium is a major challenge in ART. Couple phase cycle cancellations due to this problem. There are many methods which have come up recently to resolve this challenge. One of such treatment involves PRP instillation. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of PRP in persistently thin endometrium. Design: Prospective interventional study Materials &methods : Thirtyone women who were scheduled for FET , and were diagnosed to have persistently thin endometrium were involved in this study. These patients also had 2 or more cycle cancellations. In addition to HRT with estradiol valerate, 0.5 ml of autologous PRP was instilled into uterine cavity 48-72 hours before progesterone exposure. Frozen embryo transfer was performed when the endometrium reached an optimal pattern in thickness & vascular it you. Results: Mean endometrial thickness was increased from 5.83 to 7.13 mm post PRP. Power Doppler showed good vascularity , reaching the zones 3 & 4 of endometrium. Positive beta Hcg was 73.3%. Twenty two pregnancies documented. Conclusion: Autologous PRP use in persistently thin endometrium sounds reassuring considering endometrial expansion post PRP
Lee, Hsiao Lu
This purpose of this research aimed to investigate the association of demographic characteristics and moral sensitivity among nursing students. This study was conducted under quasi-experimental research design, subjects were two-hundred and fifty nursing students enrolled in Nursing Ethics Learning sessions for a sixteen-week intervention. Approaches for interventions included theoretical framework learning two hours per week, with a total thirty-two hour sessions, multistrategic methods incorporated lecturing, case study, movie review and The World Café, individual and groups assignments were based on movie review regarding ethical issues analysis.
Dr.Said Hussain Shah
The objective of the Research paper is to identify the treatment of Scabies in homeopathic. The research Project is experimental and descriptive. The population in the research is the patients of scabies. The researcher selected twenty patients of scabies in TehsilKabal of district Swat as a sample. The sample was kept under controlled observation. Primary and secondary data was collected about the scabies and its treatment. Different medicines were prescribed to a group of the sample consisting of 10 patients. The second group consisting of 10 patients of the sample was prescribed the mixture of PUMMARIA INDICAand AJUGA BRACTEOSABoth the groups were interviewed and observed by the researcher. The research finds out that the mixture of PUMMARIA INDICA and AJUGA BRACTEOSA is more effective treatment of scabies than the treatment prescribed by the previous research works.
Human Patient Simulation (HPS) is a pedagogy that has been used extensively in the past decade in both academic and hospital settings. The HPS scenario and manner of teaching varies greatly among teaching sites. Because of the variety of pedagogical approaches this project developed a template and designed scenarios that focus on safe quality nursing care with an interdisciplinary focus. The strength of HPS is the ability for teachers to observe many students at one time. Educators can build meaningful and compelling experiences that can guide learners into deeper and more nuanced understanding of complex situation.
Biniyam Endeshaw Kassay
A significant number of deceases, 16 million unnecessary days of hospital stay and large amounts of spending is caused by HealthcareAssociated Infections (HCAI), according to the World Health Organization (WHO) . Major effort has been put into improving hand hygiene standards for healthcare providers (HCP) to manage hospital internal sources of contamination. In recent years strains such as Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) present an increasingly hard challenge to hospital hygiene because their spread cannot be reliably prevented by antibiotics. Life science industry representatives (IR) may escalate this problem: They often