A bone scan is a nuclear imaging test that helps diagnose and track several types of bone disease. Nuclear medicine bone scan shows the effects of injury or disease such as cancer or infection on the bones. A radioactive material (radiopharmaceutical) is injected into a vein, attaches to the bones and is detected by a special camera (gamma camera) that takes images or pictures that show how the bones are working.
Nuclear medicine bone scan is used to evaluate the source of bone pain; for example, foot or hip pain and to find other diagnostic images or abnormal laboratory results. Usually the nuclear medicine bone scan is suggested to find fractures, stress fractures, shin splints. Nuclear medicine bone scan is also used to analyse osteomyelitis (infection of the bone), cellulitis (infection of the skin) or to assess a response to treatment (e.g. antibiotics).