Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy

ISSN: 2155-9619

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Full Length Research Paper Pages: 1 - 3

    Evaluating the Radiation Dose Hazardous Indexes Using Hpge Detector in Sekota, Ethiopia

    Baye Zinabe Kebede*

    This research paper desired to illustrate the presence of naturally occurring radioactive minerals concentration and the way how naturally occurring radioactive minerals were identified in Wag-himra iron ore deposit soil site. The deposit area covers five Kebelles of the border of Sekota wereda, Ziquale and Abergelle wereda. We were used HPGe detector to identify the presence of natural occurring radioactivity concentration in iron ore/alloy deposit soil, and applied appropriate research methodology particularly experimental design were more preferable. The researcher was collected samples from ten places across iron ore deposit area by using critical sampling techniques and prepared as a desirable manner. The chosen sample was sealed for four weeks in order to obtain secular equilibrium, wherein the rate of decay of the daughters’ equivalent that of the parent. Radium equivalent activity, external hazard index and representative gamma index of the sample were 56.19 Bq/kg,0.1515 Bq/kg,0.804 Bq/kg,0.408Bq/kg,0.00011 Bq/kg respectively. However, internal hazard index was slightly approaching to recommended value and it may cause the significant radiation hazard through long dwelling to the area.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

      Radiation Dose to Nuclear Medicine Technologist During Manual Synthesis of High Specific Activity Non-Carrier Added Lu177 Labelled Radio pharmaceuticals

      Sarepaka V Ramana Murthy

      Introduction: Technologists working in Nuclear Medicine are exposed to radiation when doing tasks such as labeling/synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals, radiopharmaceutical administration, scan acquisition, and radiation survey. When working with therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals, the radiation dose could be significantly higher. The radiation dosage to the technologist in this study involved synthesis of Lu-177-DOTATATE (DOTA-Tyr3-octreotate) and PSMA-617(Prostate specific membrane Antigen) was estimated. Aim: The purpose of this study is to calculate the whole-body radiation dose to a technologist who is involved in the labelling of two different Lu-177 labelled compounds, namely Lu-177 DOTATATE and Lu-177- PSMA, and to compare the occupational burden to the dose limits recommended by India's Atomic Energy Regulatory Board. Materials and methods: A survey meter cum contamination monitor was used to detect radiation levels before the start of the labelling in the Hot lab by maintaining it at the area where the technologist generally stands during synthesis. An instant personal monitoring device like electronic pocket dosimeter was used by the technologist at chest level, performing the labelling of Lu177 (135mci to 520mci) received fortnightly by our department. Data were collected for 16 syntheses of Lu-177 DOTATATE and13 syntheses of Lu-177 PSMA-617 followed by the quality control. Mean time required to complete synthesis of Lu-177 DOTATATE and Lu-177 PSMA-617 was 52.68min and 52.39min respectively. Mean whole body radiation dose was 0.041 ± 0.004 mSv and 0.037±0.002mSv. Higher dose was obtained during the synthesis of Lu-177 DOTATATE. Conclusion: Data suggest that during the manual radio labelling of Lu -177 compounds, the whole-body radiation exposure to technologist is within the limits prescribed by AERB.

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