Ultrahigh sensitivity, self-referenced and multimodal photonic biosensors

Biosensors & Bioelectronics

ISSN: 2155-6210

Open Access

Ultrahigh sensitivity, self-referenced and multimodal photonic biosensors

9th World Congress on Biosensors and Bioelectronics

August 29-30, 2018 Tokyo, Japan

Ibrahim Abdulhalim

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Biosens Bioelectron

Abstract :

Photonic structures and reading methodologies that improve the performance of biosensors were developed based on Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR), guided mode resonance, enhanced spectroscopies and Total Internal Reflection (TIR). 1. A self-referenced sensor based on enhanced optical transmission through metal nanoslits. A self-referenced ultra-large tunable penetration depth SPR sensor. 2. A TIR sensor in which the angular edge is converted into a dip with high figure of merit. 3. A self-referenced SPR sensor based on thin dielectric grating on top of thin metal film. 4.Polarimetric approach that improves the detection limit of SPR in the spectral interrogation mode and guided mode resonance and guided mode SPR and SERS/SEF substrates with ultrahigh enhancement of the electromagnetic field. In spectral SPR the dip width is around 50 nm and therefore the resolution is limited even though the spectral sensitivity is considered relatively high. Using a special methodology, we found that the derivative of the phase difference between the TM and TE waves can give the highest resolution, although practically the more directly measured cosine function of the phase difference is the best to use. Several structures were found to reveal self-referencing, thus enabling a better detection limit. High penetration helps in detecting large bioentities more reliably such as bacteria and cells. Figure of merit is defined as the ratio between the sensitivity to the width of the resonance dip; hence its enhancement also improves the detection limit. Combining all this in one system together with compact reading methodology and unique signal processing allows refractive index sensing limits down to 10-8. Metallic nano-sculptured thin films (nSTFs) prepared by the glancing angle deposition were recently found to exhibit optimum SPR sensitivity, SERS and SEF signals at around 30% porosity and used for the detection of large bioentities. In addition, new configuration that combines coupling between extended SPR with localized SPR was found recently to give ultrahigh field enhancement thus improving the detection limits and simplifying the setups of SERS and SEF biosensors.

Biography :



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