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Simultaneous esterification and transesterification of palm fatty acid distillate in chitosan membrane reactor
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Chemical Sciences Journal

ISSN: 2150-3494

Open Access

Simultaneous esterification and transesterification of palm fatty acid distillate in chitosan membrane reactor


International Conference on Materials and Polymer Chemistry

July 05-06, 2018 Bangkok, Thailand

Khantong Soontarapa

Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

Keynote: Chem Sci J

Abstract :

Biodiesel from Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD) with Free Fatty Acids (FFAs) of 87.1±1.3 wt.% was prepared in this study. Symmetric dense uncross-linked and cross-linked chitosan membranes were provided from the local chitosan membrane manufacturer. The process was comprised of esterification reaction followed by transesterification reaction without intermediate washing in a 2 L chitosan membrane reactor that operating under pervaporation principle. The performance of the internalpervaporation- assisted was compared with the external-pervaporation-assisted types. In view of membrane performance, it was found that the uncross-linked chitosan membrane was more desirable than the cross-linked one because of its higher hydrophilicity with the same rejection properties of methanol, PFAD and methyl ester. The optimum esterification condition for internal uncross-linked membrane reactor was at PFAD to methanol ratio of 1:15, 2.0 wt.% H2SO4 and 20 ml/min methanol feed rate for 180 min. The esterification product containing FFA and methyl ester of 1.24±0.01 and 90.7±0.1 wt.%, respectively, was obtained. That for the external type was at PFAD to methanol ratio of 1:15, 2.0 wt.% H2SO4 and 20 ml/min methanol feed rate for 120 min. The product from the external type reactor contained FFA and methyl ester of 1.12±0.01 and 93.0±0.2 wt.%, respectively. The transesterification condition was the same in all reactors at 1:6 of PFAD to methanol ratio, 1.0 wt.% NaOH and 20 ml/min methanol feed rate for 60 min. The properties of biodiesel from this study after transesterification were corresponding to Thai standards and/or ASTM D6751-02 except the acid value. The ester content of oil from this study was 96.6±0.0 compared to ?96.5 of Thai Standard. Its acid value was 0.7 compared to ?0.5 for Thai Standard and ?0.8 for ASTM D6751-02.

Biography :

Khantong Soontarapa has her expertise in membrane technology and chemical safety. She is currently an Associate Professor in Department of Chemical Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand. She is interested especially in chitosan membrane application for water and wastewater treatment, pervaporation, gas separation membrane, fuel cell membrane and development for health and biomedical applications.

E-mail: [email protected]

 

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