Chemical Sciences Journal

ISSN: 2150-3494

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Physicochemical Analysis of Stagnant Surface Water Used for Drinking Purposes for LivestockÔ??s in Jarar Zone Somali Regional State of Ethiopia

    Abi Legesse* and Addis Ababa

    This research was carried out to investigate the physicochemical parameters of livestock drinking water samples collected from Falfal, Degehabur and Bulale areas in Somali regional state of Ethiopia. The objective of this research was to analyze the physicochemical parameters of water ponds used for livestock drink. The result was recorded that, the pH, Temperature, Total Dissolved Solid and Total hardness was 7.17°C ± 0.03°C, 22.51°C ± 0.18°C, 17.50 ± 2.60 mg/L and 825.22 ± 92.18 mg/L, respectively. The mean concentration of Chloride ion, Magnesium ion and calcium ion was 422.09 ± 64.05 mg/L, 61.37 ± 6.56 mg/L, and 200.70 13.23 mg/L, respectively. The mean Chemical Oxygen Demand and Biological Oxygen Demand were also recorded which was 12.67 0.54 mg/L and 7.47 0.67 mg/L, respectively.

    The obtained results were also compared to the national and international standards to determine the quality of livestock drinking water. Accordingly, the measured pH was in agreement with World health organization and Ethiopian standards agency standards, which was 6.5 to 8.5. The Temperature, Total hardness and chloride ion concentration was above the standard limit set by World health organization and Ethiopian standards agency. The concentration of Total Dissolved Solid, Mg2+ and Ca2+ was in agreement with World health organization and Ethiopian standards agency standards. The standards for Chemical Oxygen Demand and Biological Oxygen Demand were not available both from World health organization and Ethiopian standards agency.

      Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

      Dependence of the Composition of Conife Films on the Electrolyte Concentration during Electrochemical Deposition

      Tikhonov Russia*

      A study on electrochemical deposition in a triple-component CoNiFe system from a chloride electrolyte solution with equal concentrations of Co, Ni, and Fe was performed. The concentrations used were 0.48; 0.083; 0.00625 mol/l, and the temperature was 70°Ð¡. The relative content of the components in the film approached the composition of the electrolyte, though the concentration of each component was slightly decreased. The dependence of the composition of films on the current density is explained by concentration polarization.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

        Removal of Hg++ from aqueous solution using TiO2 nanoparticles

        Abdunnaser Mohamed Etorki, Ezzedein Mohamed Aboushloa*

        Nanometer-sized titanium dioxide prepared in the Lab chemically modified with 8-hydroxyquinolin and used for selective solid phase extraction processes, separation and preconcentration process of aluminum (III) from aqueous solutions prior to its determination by Inductively Coupled Plasma optical emission-Mass spectrometry(ICP-MS) and Graphite furnace atomic Absorption Spectrometry(GFAAS). The optimal conditions for the proposed solid phase extraction (SPE: 0,1g of TiO2- modified oxine, 6h shaking time,
        pH 6.5). The experimental results was fitted well to Langmuir isotherm equation to determine the maximum adsorption capacity.The static maximum adsorption capacity was 69.013mg/g. The lowest concentration of aluminum (Al+3) was (30.0μg/L) and the highest concentration was (14585μg/L). The method was successfully applied to the determination of trace of aluminum in areas near to the factories in
        east of Tripoli.

        Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

        Effect of Varying Acetic Acid Concentration on the Reaction Rate between Aromatic Aldehydes and Tertiary Butyl Hypochlorite

        Venu Sangal *

        In this paper the influence of solvent dielectric constant on the rate of oxidation of p-methoxybenzaldehyde and pmethylbenzaldehyde with t-BuOCl has been studied in various solvent mixtures of acetic acid and water. The results indicate that in the oxidation of p-methoxybenzaldehyde with t-BuOCl the rate increases with increase in the percentage of acetic acid (from 10% to 40%), but the rate decreases with further increace in acetic acid content (50-80% HOAc). In the oxidation of p-methylbenzaldehyde with t- BuOCl the rate is maximum at 50% HOAc and decreases on either side of this percentage.

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