Eylaph Muhammed Elhadi Hassan Suliman, Sawsan Ahmed Omerb, Abobaker Ali HassanYounis, Rahma Alsoni Abdalla Altrife, Amal Hassan Abdulla Hassan, Mehad Abdalammed Hassan Elmubarak, Rawan Eltayeb Omer Salim and Wefag Salah Eldaw Mohamed Ahmed
University of Gezira, Sudan
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Gen Practice
Diabetes mellitus is increasingly becoming a major chronic disease burden all over the world. This requires a shift in healthcare priorities and up-to-date data on the epidemiology and impact of diabetes in all regions of the world to help plan and prioritize health programs. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly becoming a major chronic disease, health burden in Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of diabetic admission and outcome; in Wad-Medani Teaching Hospital in Sudan, in one year period (January– December 2014), mainly the presenting characteristics of diabetic patients (demographic and clinical), the main causes of admissions of diabetic patients and the outcome of these admissions. It was a retrospective study of medical records of patients with DM, admitted to internal medicine department in Wad-Medani Teaching Hospital in the period of January to December 2014. It was found, that; 9.6 % of the total admissions in medical wards in Wad-Medani teaching hospital during the study period were due to diabetes. The mean age of the diabetic patients was 57 years with SD for 15 years. 55% were females and 45% were males. 62% of diabetic patients were from rural area and 38% from the urban area. 62% of patients had type 2, diabetes. The commonest cause of admission was, uncontrolled hyperglycemia in 31% of patients, and 15% were admitted because of diabetic ketoacidosis. Cardiovascular diseases constituted 18% of diabetic admissions, and 13% of diabetic patients were admitted because of infections. The majority (85%) of these patients were improved. The findings of this study would be useful to determine the burden of diabetes on the health care system and in the planning of appropriate management strategies for diabetic patients, so we recommend, improving of the quality of primary care services and specialized health centres for diabetic patients all over the country, especially in rural areas. There should be health education programmes in the heath centres, referred clinics and in the media.
Email: [email protected]