Fanna Inna Abdul Rahman
University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Chem Sci J
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach) Milne-Redhead belongs to the family of plants known as Leguminosae. It is a plant used for medicinal purposes in many African countries. This investigation was carried out to determine the possible bioactive components of ethanol leaf extract using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopic analysis. Fifteen (15) bioactive components were identified. These prominent compounds from the ethanol leaf extract of Piliostigma thonningii were, 2,3-propanetriol monoacetate (3.58 %), 5-Hydroxymethyl-2- furancarboxaldehyde (7.72%), 4,4-ethylenedioxy-2-pentanone (3.23%), ethoxy-6-methyl-2- cyclohexane (2.52%), methyl hexofuranoside (1.42 %), Hexadecanoic acid (1.18%), nonadecanoic acid (2.77%), 13-hexloxacyclotridec-10-en-2- one (6.13%), linolelaidic acid, 11-octadecenoic acid (1.57%), methyl ester, octadecanoic acid (3.40 %), stearic acid (1.79%), 1-nonadecanol (47.34%), β-monoglyceride- palmitic acid (2.38%), 2-methyl-z,z- 3,13-octadecadienol (10.25%). The presence of the bioactive chemical components in the leaf of Piliostigma thonningii may justify the folkloric use of leaves by local people for the treatment of various ailments. Isolation of each chemical component could provide a lead to the establishment of a novel drug.
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