Demand response and smart grids

Advances in Robotics & Automation

ISSN: 2168-9695

Open Access

Demand response and smart grids

World Congress on Industrial Automation

July 20-22, 2015 San Francisco, USA

Pierluigi Siano

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: Adv Robot Autom

Abstract :

The smart grid is conceived as an electric grid able to deliver electricity in a controlled, smart way from points of generation to active consumers. Demand response (DR), by promoting the interaction and responsiveness of the customers, may offer a broad range of potential benefits on system operation and expansion and on market efficiency. Moreover, by improving the reliability of the power system and, in the long term, lowering peak demand, DR reduces overall plant and capital cost investments and postpones the need for network upgrades. Lessons learnt from industrial case studies and research projects evidenced that DR can be employed for overall load reductions in response to peak power concerns and for ancillary services for frequency regulation with faster scale response times (up to 4-sec response times). Advanced DR programs and innovative enabling technologies are required for such applications and to support the coordination of DR in a SG. Enabling technologies, such as smart meters, AMI, home energy controllers, EMS, wired and wireless communication systems are presented and discussed referring to real industrial case studies and research projects. Important areas for research that require to be further investigated in this field include measurement and settlement processes, developments in integrated electronic circuits, optimization and control systems, information and communications technologies. The integration of storage devices, distributed generation and on-site renewable generation in automated DR brings additional flexibility and complexity that should be coped with innovative technologies and methods.

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