Anticancer properties of crystallographically elucidated (-)-pseudosemiglabrin, a natural flavone isolated from Tephrosia apolinea

Chemical Sciences Journal

ISSN: 2150-3494

Open Access

Anticancer properties of crystallographically elucidated (-)-pseudosemiglabrin, a natural flavone isolated from Tephrosia apolinea

Joint Event on 23rd International Conference on Advanced Materials & 10th International Conference on Chemistry Education and Research

June 20-22, 2018 Oslo, Norway

Loiy Elsir Ahmed Hassan, Aman Shah Abdul Majid, Muhammad Adnan Iqbal, Fouad Saleih R Al Suede and Amin Malik shah Abdul Majid

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences-USM, Malaysia
Omdurman Islamic University, Sudan
Quest International University Perak, Malaysia
School of Chemical Sciences-USM, Malaysia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Chem Sci

Abstract :

Introduction: Natural products especially from terrestrial plants are considered as important sources of potential chemotherapeutic agents. Tephrosia apollinea is a perennial shrublet widely distributed in Africa and is known to have medicinal properties. Objective & Method: In the present study (-)-pseudosemiglabrin has been isolated from the aerial parts of Tephrosia apollinea. The plant material was dried and mechanically ground to fine powder. Three sequential crude extracts using n-Hexane, chloroform and ethanol were collected. The chloroform extract showed much better results compared to the other two extracts and was further subjected to fractionation using vacuum liquid chromatography (VLC) over silica gel. The elution used was n-hexane: chloroform: methanol with increasing polarity to obtain 10 fractions (F1-F10). The individual fractions were subsequently tested for antiproliferative effect against the same cell lines (HL-60, K562 and MCF-7). The fifth fraction (F5) was noted to be the most active and hence was further subjected to a small column (5x20 cm) eluting with n-Hexane: dichloromethane of increasing polarity that resulted in isolation of (-)-pseudosemiglabrin. The molecular structure of the isolated compound has been elucidated by means of physical and several spectroscopic methods including IR, UV, NMR (1H, 13C NMR, DEPT, 2D 1H-1H COSY, HSQC and HMBC) and LC-MS experiments. Furthermore, the stereo chemical structure of the isolated compound was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The cytotoxicity of the isolated (-)-pseudosemiglabrin was evaluated against eight cancer cell lines using MTT assay, in addition to human fibroblast normal colon cell line CCD-18 (as a model for normal cells). Results & Discussion: In the present work, the isolation of (-)-pseudosemiglabrin from the aerial parts of T. apollinea and its detailed stereochemistry and antiproliferative activity is reported. The natural compound showed significant antiproliferative effects against leukemia, prostate and breast cancer cell lines, interestingly, the compound did not display toxicity against the normal human fibroblast. Conclusion: It can be concluded that (-)-pseudosemiglabrin is worthy of further investigation as a potential chemotherapeutic agent.

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