Radio Chemistry | Open Access Journals

Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry

ISSN: 2380-2391

Open Access

Radio Chemistry

Radiochemistry is the science of radioactive materials, where radioactive isotopes of elements are wont to study the properties and chemical reactions of non-radioactive isotopes (often within radiochemistry the absence of radioactivity results in a substance being described as being inactive because the isotopes are stable). Much of radiochemistry deals with the utilization of radioactivity to review ordinary chemical reactions. This is totally different from radiation science where the radiation levels are kept excessively low to influence the chemistry. Radiochemistry includes the study of both natural and man-made radioisotopes. 1. α (alpha) radiation—the emission of an alpha particle (which contains 2 protons and 2 neutrons) from an atomic nucleus. When this occurs, the atom's atomic mass will decrease by 4 units and the atomic number will decrease by 2. 2.β (beta) radiation—the transmutation of a neutron into an electron and a proton. After this happens, the electron is emitted from the nucleus into the electron cloud. 3. γ (gamma) radiation—the outflow of electromagnetic vitality, (for example, gamma beams) from the core nucleus of an atom. This usually occurs during alpha or beta decay.

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