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Journal of Nursing & Care

ISSN: 2167-1168

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 12, Issue 3 (2023)

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

    Clinical Decision Support Systems to Improve Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Nursing Home Residents: A Review

    Lucie Trappes*

    DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.586

    Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), which are thought to affect 5–10% of nursing home patients annually, are a prevalent issue. Due to unusual symptoms, concomitant conditions and the possibility of silent bacteriuria, UTIs in this population might be challenging to identify. Healthcare professionals can use Clinical Decision Support (CDS) tools to help in the identification and management of suspected UTIs in nursing home residents. An overview of CDS and its possible application in the detection and treatment of suspected UTIs in nursing home patients will be given in this presentation. Clinical Decision Support (CDS) systems are computer-based technologies that give healthcare professionals immediate access to clinical expertise and patient-specific data to enhance decision-making. From straightforward reminders to sophisticated algorithms that use patient-specific data to produce suggestions for diagnosis, treatment and monitoring, CDS systems can offer a variety of help.

    Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

    Critical Care Medicine′s Development and its Effects on Cardiothoracic Surgical Care: A Review

    Bentley Nicolas*

    DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.591

    A medical speciality called Cardiothoracic Surgical Critical Care Medicine (CTSCCM) is concerned with providing treatment for seriously unwell patients who have had cardiothoracic surgery. In order to maximize results and reduce problems, the profession is heavily invested in the postoperative care of patients. It takes specific training and experience in the management of critically sick patients to succeed in the challenging and complex field of CTSCCM. We shall examine the important facets of CTSCCM in this article, including the procedures that are involved, the difficulties faced by physicians in this area and CTSCCM's contribution to better patient outcomes. The heart, lungs and chest cavity are all involved in cardiothoracic surgery. These procedures call for a highly competent surgical team, as well as specialist postoperative care, due to their complexity. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery is one of the most frequently performed cardiothoracic surgical procedures. Coronary artery disease is treated using this treatment. A healthy blood vessel from another region of the body is removed during CABG surgery and used to circumvent a blocked or constricted coronary artery. This aids in reestablishing blood flow to the heart muscle, which can ease angina (chest discomfort) and enhance overall heart performance.

    Volume 10, Issue 1 (2021)

      Review Pages: 1 - 7

      Relationship between Self-Care, Personality Traits, and Burnout in Healthcare Professionals

      Nathan Pacheco*

      Burnout syndrome (BOS) is a psychological condition in which inordinate exhaustion, cynical perspectives, and a self-perception of ineffectiveness develop in response to chronic work stressors. The intrinsic stress of the critical care work environment predisposes critical care healthcare professionals to burnout. The sequelae of BOS are serious. Associated morbidities range from aches, pains, and headaches to chronic, pernicious maladies such as hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, type II diabetes, anxiety, and depression. Also, the presence of BOS affects healthcare professionals’ intention to leave practice. Subsequently, BOS contributes to high turnover rates, potentially costing hospitals millions. This study sought to examine the effect of personality traits and self-care on reported burnout levels in critical care healthcare professionals. Forty healthcare professionals were surveyed from two community, non-teaching hospitals in the northeastern United States. The Maslach Burnout Inventory, DSCPI-90, and Mini-International Personality Item Pool were used to measure burnout, self-care, and personality traits, respectively. Self-care was negatively correlated with burnout (r=-0.159, p=0.33). On average, professionals practiced self-care 61% of the time. The personality trait Extraversion was negatively correlated with burnout (r =-0.144, p=0.38). The personality traits Agreeableness and Neuroticism had large positive correlations (r =0.520, p =0.001) and (r=0.645, p=0.000) with the BOS dimension emotional exhaustion. Findings help identify protective, individual factors against BOS. Further research is necessary to validate the degree to which critical care professionals practice self-care and the correlations between personality, self-care, and BOS reported in this study.

      Research Pages: 1 - 6

      Patient and Nursing Professional Safety in the Face of Pandemic - COVID-19

      Thaisa Campos Fernandes*

      Objective: To identify the performance of nursing professionals in relation to the essential aspects for the provision of safe care to patients infected by COVID-19 hospitalized in the emergency department. Method: A simple literature review with data collected during the peak period of the disease in real time in available databases. Discussion: COVID-19 spreads around the world and reaches almost every continent. Immediate, important measures and education of the population, training of health professionals becomes a priority. In addition to effective prevention and control measures. Conclusion and final considerations: For a pandemic it is no easy task. However, in the case of COVID-19, it seems possible, since asymptomatic cases have not played an important role in transmission. Noticeable priority of protection to health professionals, isolate in quarantine the communicators and act quickly, given the lethality of the disease and that cases increase every day.

      Research Pages: 1 - 6

      Study on Knowledge and Compliance of Standard Precautions among Intensive Care Units

      Abdalkareem Almhammd, Yan Ting Meng, Muwaffak Al Osman, Isaac Yaw Massey, Omar Smadi and Yang Luo*

      Introduction: The standard precautions advanced by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1996, goals of Standard precautions to reducing the risk of transmission of blood-borne and other pathogens in hospitals. The prpous of this study :to assess the knowledge and compliance of standard precautions among ICU Nurses in Xi'an hospitals, and to identify the relationship between compliance, knowledge and general self-efficacy of standard among ICU Nurses in China.Methods: This study used a descriptive study design. A convenient sample of 471 ICU nurses working in 11 hospitals from Xi'an of Shaanxi Province in China. Data were gathered over four months, from June to October 2017. Tools: The questionnaire used for data collection included four parts:(1) general information,(2) knowledge of standard precautions, (3) compliance of standard precautions and (4) General self-efficacy scale. Data analyzed by SPSS 18.Result: 100% of respondents were female, their mean age was (28.6 ± 5.6), 90% of nurses have vaccination HBV, the mean knowledge score of participants were a good (17.3 ± 1.8 out of 20). (80.4%) of ICU nurses know Standard Precautions. The mean score of standard precautions compliance among ICU nurses were poor (66.12 ± 10.3 out of 80). Standard precautions knowledge was positively correlated with compliance (r=0.17) and general self-efficacy was also positively correlated with compliance (r=0.21).Conclusion: Based on the conclusions of this study, it can be assumed that the standard prevention knowledge and compliance of nurses in this study are still lacking. Standard precautions education should be encouraged, and adequate practical personal protection equipment should be implemented in order to reduce hospital infections and protect the health of patients and medical staff.

      Research Pages: 1 - 5

      Pediatric Nurses?? Professional Values and their Attitudes towards Patient Safety

      Hatice Yıldırım Sarı1*, Esra Ardahan Akgül1, Yeliz Akatın2 and Naciye Siyahgül3

      Introduction: This study was conducted to determine whether pediatric nurses’ professional values affect their attitudes towards patient safety.Methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study and it was carried out with 101 nurses working in pediatric clinics of a state hospital in Turkey in 2015. Data were collected using the Personal Information Form, the Nurses Professional Values Scale and the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Results: A positive correlation was determined between the scores obtained from the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and the scores obtained from the Nurses Professional Values Scale (r: .315, p: .001). There was a significant positive correlation between the Perceptions of Management subscale of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and the Nurses Professional Values Scale (r: .706), and its Activism (r: .796), ANA (American Nurses Association) Ethical Code 1 (r: .708), and ANA Ethical Code 11 (r: .772) subscales. There was a moderate positive correlation between the Perceptions of Management subscale of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire and the Nurses Professional Values Scale (r: .603), and its ANA Ethical Code 4 (r: .530)Conclusion: Pediatric nurses’ professional values affect their attitudes towards patient safety.

      Conference Proceeding Pages: 1 - 1

      Qualitative & quantitative analyses of nursing panel teaching strategy

      Dale M Hilty*

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      Volume 12, Issue 2 (2023)

        Mini Review Pages: 1 - 1

        COVID-19′s Effects on Health Workers

        Robin Griffiths*

        DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.582

        For medical care administrators and workers, the coronavirus pandemic offered serious new risks. In the early stages of the Coronavirus pandemic in Malaysian clinics, this study sought to determine the prevalence, trends, characteristics and sources of Coronavirus contamination among medical care workers. Using optional data from a Coronavirus surveillance framework for medical care workers between January and December 2020, a cross-sectional evaluation was conducted. To prevent the unnecessary spread of illness in high-risk situations, word-related security and wellness units should be vigilant about early illness episode detection. Effective gambling moderation strategies depend on the conversion of a few tertiary medical facilities to dedicated Coronavirus care, the observation of new methods for the administration of Coronavirus patients and appropriate asset categorization.

        Research Pages: 1 - 4

        Approaches to Improving Nursing and Midwifery Services in Bangladesh: A Network Meeting

        Mala Reberio, Mohammad Abbas Uddin*, Rabeya Basri, Shahnaj Parvin and Afroza Banu

        DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.571

        Nurses and midwives are prominent employees in the healthcare system. Their efficient utilization can be supported through appropriate deployment and training, opportunities for promotion, provision of a supportive workplace, recognition of their work and professional association activities. The present study was conducted to collect different approaches for improving nursing and midwifery services in Bangladesh. This was a crosssectional descriptive study. The participants were 180 nursing managers, including nursing superintendents, deputy nursing superintendents, divisional deputy directors and district public health nurses working in different government hospitals and offices. Data were collected from a day’s networking meeting organized by the Directorate General of Nursing and Midwifery (DGNM). The present study found seven categories of approaches to improving nursing and midwifery services in Bangladesh. These categories were (1) personal, (2) patient care, (3) professional, (4) workplace, (5) administrative, (6) training and (7) financial. Nursing and midwifery managers proposed seven categories of approaches to improving nursing and midwifery services in Bangladesh. Implementation of these approaches will contribute to improving nursing and midwifery. Nurses, midwives and related authorities should investigate these approaches.

        Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

        Healthcare Professionals′ Feelings at Work during COVID−19 Pandemic

        Samer Asad*

        DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.585

        Evidence about the effect of the Coronavirus pandemic on the psychological wellness of Palestinian medical care experts is missing and has been dismissed during the Coronavirus pandemic. This study expects to portray Palestinian Healthcare Workers (HCWs) feelings and variables causing pressure, and factors used to lessen the pressure experienced at work and to analyze the connections between HCWs level of pressure and their methods for dealing with especially difficult times and inspirational elements during the Coronavirus pandemic. Furthermore, a significant reason for their pressure was their own wellbeing and having the Coronavirus contamination. Discoveries showed a positive relationship among stress and the more youthful period of members, with doctors being less worried than medical caretakers. Moreover, getting no preparation on the treatment of Coronavirus was unequivocally connected with feelings of anxiety. Besides, there was a huge positive connection between's pressure scoring and survival techniques scoring however not with inspiration score. Taking everything into account, this study shows that Palestinian Healthcare Workers experienced personal disturbance during the Coronavirus pandemic.

        Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

        Low-Risk Pregnancy: What to Expect and How to Prepare for a Safe Delivery

        Ana Nikčević*

        DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.580

        A low-risk pregnancy is one where the mother and fetus have no significant health issues and the pregnancy is expected to progress without complications. Such pregnancies typically have a good chance of resulting in a healthy delivery of a full-term baby. To maintain a low-risk pregnancy, expectant mothers are advised to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet and sufficient rest. Prenatal care, which involves regular medical checkups with an obstetrician or midwife, is also essential for monitoring the health of the mother and fetus and for detecting any potential complications early on. While low-risk pregnancies are generally considered to be safer and less complicated than high-risk pregnancies, it is still important for expectant mothers to stay vigilant and informed about their health and the health of their baby throughout their pregnancy.

        Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

        Vital Role of Oncology Nursing: A Review

        Giulia Fiumana*

        DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.579

        Oncology nursing is a specialized field of nursing that focuses on providing care to patients who are diagnosed with cancer. The field of oncology nursing has grown rapidly in recent years due to the increasing prevalence of cancer and the need for specialized care for cancer patients. In this article, we will discuss what oncology nursing is, what oncology nurses do, the importance of oncology nursing and the skills required to become an oncology nurse.

        Volume 12, Issue 4 (2023)

          Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

          Extended Care for People after a Concluded Hospital Treatment for Coronavirus Disease

          Zdenka Tičar* and Klavdija Kobal Straus

          DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.596

          Introduction: The emergence of covid-19 called for a flexible response to the newly emerging situation, also in relation to providing healthcare for people after recovering from the coronavirus disease. This paper summarises the findings of the implementation of an extended care programme, which was established with the aim of providing support to patients who had recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection and were unable to return to their home environment after hospital treatment due to insufficient self-care.

          Methods: Descriptive and quantitative methods were used in the analysis. Correlation and regression coefficients were calculated to test the hypotheses. The analysis included data from 153 patients who were part of the extended care programme during the period from 21 April 2021 to 15 February 2022. Given the small amount of data and the uneven distribution, the non-parametric Spearman's rank correlation test was used to test the correlation of the individual data.

          Results: Based on the analysis of the data on providing extended care, it was concluded that extended care contributed to a higher level of patients' independence. Patient progress on the Functional Independence Measure shows that the age of the patient and the structure of the services required by the patient are not directly correlated with the number of points achieved on the Functional Independence Measure at the end of extended care. The number of points achieved on the Functional Independence Measure at the end of extended care is statistically significantly correlated with the number of points achieved on the scale at the start of extended care. The results show that progress on the Functional Independence Measure is not statistically significantly related to the age of the patients included in extended care. Patients aged 85 years or older make comparable progress on the Functional Independence Measure as patients younger than 85 years. The results of the analysis show the need for systemic planning of rehabilitation programmes for all age groups, in particular tailored programmes for older people after hospitalisation, with the aim of strengthening their independence, enabling them to return to their home environment and to live as independent and active a life as possible.

          Review Pages: 1 - 2

          Healthcare Professionals in the Era of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review

          Mateusz Sobiski*

          DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.602

          The perceptions and points of view of Medical care Experts (HCPs) to teleconsultations could impact the idea of the supportive cycle gave using them. As a result, the goal of this study was to learn how different HCPs felt about and viewed clinical teleconsultation during the COVID-19 pandemic. 780 Polish HCPs participated in a dedicated survey about their attitudes, beliefs and conclusions regarding teleconsultation, which we analyzed for information. Specialists and medical assistants made up 69% and 19%, respectively, of the HCPs. Family doctors made up half of the specialists (50.1%). During the pandemic, teleconsultation and very close contact were represented as the leaned toward procedures for offering clinical sorts of help with similar repeat. While paramedics and physiotherapists had the most negative attitude toward teleconsultation, specialists and medical assistants displayed the best mentality toward it. The majority of Health Care Professionals (HCPs) recognize the value of teleconsultation and when the patient is important or appealing, the majority of them will continue using this method of communication.

          Review Article Pages: 1 - 2

          Stoutness and Weight-related Ways of behaving among Chinese Youngsters: A Review

          Shujuan Lio*

          DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.599

          Weight is particularly unquestionable among the different ailments looked during children's turn of events and progression. The high prevalence of childhood obesity has developed into a global health issue and is growing overall. 11.1% and 7.9%, respectively, of Chinese children between the ages of 6 and 17 are overweight or obese. Obesity and youth obesity are linked to negative health outcomes like mental illness, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, muscle problems and antagonistic cardiovascular disease. What's more, robustness in youth could persevere into adulthood and lead to unpleasant cardiovascular outcomes or other heftiness related disorders. Past examinations have revealed different components that are connected with puberty robustness, similar to awful lifestyle, innate characteristics, environment and processing. Among these, lifestyle is a reversible component that contributes for the most part to overweight and robustness; As a result, a variety of measures have been taken to promote healthy lifestyles to lessen the impact of childhood obesity.

          Mini Review Pages: 1 - 2

          Caring Chronicles: Advances in Nursing and Patient Care

          Mounica Nikita*

          DOI: 10.37421/2167-1168.2023.12.603

          Nursing has transcended its traditional image of white uniforms and bedside assistance to become a dynamic and multifaceted profession. The book delves into various dimensions of this transformation, shedding light on the diverse roles and responsibilities that nurses now assume. One of the key themes explored in "Caring Chronicles" is the integration of technology into nursing practice. The digital age has brought forth an array of tools and systems designed to enhance patient care. Nurses now utilize Electronic Health Records (EHRs) to streamline data management, allowing for more accurate and efficient care delivery. Telehealth services, a burgeoning trend even before the COVID-19 pandemic, have made healthcare more accessible and convenient for patients. Nurses have adapted to this shift by offering remote consultations and monitoring, showcasing their adaptability and commitment to patient welfare.

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