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Entrepreneurship & Organization Management

ISSN: 2169-026X

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 9, Issue 3 (2020)

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 13

    Developing a Client Performance Evaluation Model using Machine Learning Methods for a Three-Stage Technology Incubation Process

    Rahdari F and Eftekhari M

    Technology incubators, where new early-stage ventures accommodate in a supportive environment, are younger than 15 years of age in Iran. Nevertheless, it is necessary to localize the technology incubator models based on such parameters as culture, human resources, level of technology, and education system so as to meet an appropriate effectiveness. To achieve this goal, the present paper firstly introduces a three-stage incubation model considering special characteristics of the studied country. In this proposed model, the pre-incubation stage is the same as other currently used models but the incubation stage breaks down into two new stages namely technology incubation and technology development. The new model enhances market concentration and encourages incubator clients to finalize their products/services. This model has been successfully implemented in Kerman Technology Incubator and our experimental studies and evidences show the effectiveness of the proposed approach in improving the performance of the incubator. At the second phase, a machine learning evaluation model is developed with an aim to measure the incubator’s client performance. This model utilizes the advantages of classification algorithms for mapping the business success factors into quality of client level. Hence, different classification methods are applied and their performances have been compared together. Results show the efficiency of the developed model in terms of accuracy.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Turnover Intention and Associated Factors among Academic Staffs of Mettu University, Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study

    Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab and Wubye Mezgebu

    Turnover intention is a challenging issue in higher academic institutions. The contributing factors for this problem
    were not well studied. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess the magnitude of turnover intention and
    its associated factors among academic staffs of Mettu University, Ethiopia. Cross sectional study was conducted.
    Simple random sampling technique was used. Data was collected using structured questionnaires. Data analysis was
    conducted using SPSS version 20.0. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were computed. p-Value<0.05 was
    used as a cut-point to declare statistically significant variables. The overall magnitude of turnover intention was 75%
    among the respondents. The odds of turnover intention among males was nearly seven times (AOR=6.78, 95%CI=2.66,
    17.18) higher than that of among females. Besides, the odds of turnover intention among those who believe that it is
    easy to get better job was nearly three times (AOR=95%CI=1.20, 5.90) more likely as compared to those who do not
    think so. Further, the study revealed that the odds of turnover intention among those who think they can get new job
    was five times (AOR=5.04, 95%CI=2.58, 9.85) more likely as compared to those who do not think so. In conclusion;
    sex, employees feeling of easy to get better job, loyalty to organization and existence of alternative employment were
    significantly associated with job turnover intention.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

    Cross-Cultural Differences in Creativity: A Process-Based View through a Prism of Cognition, Motivation and Attribution

    McCarthy M

    Global innovation capabilities including effective leverage of employee’s creative potential across various cultural contexts have become increasingly important. Although widely recognized among researchers and practitioners, cross-cultural differences in creativity are yet to be comprehensively explored. The paper examines differences in creativity from a process perspective and identifies distinct mechanisms that underlie differences in creativity across cultures. Specifically, the theoretical framework depicts effects of motivational, cognitive and attribution preferences on information processing strategies at every step of a creativity process and outlines how these differences result in a qualitatively different creative outcome. The perspective presented in the paper traces differences in the degree of novelty and usefulness of a creative idea to the information processing strategies that occur at every given step of a creative process. The proposed model complements prevalent social or normative approaches in the cross-cultural creativity field to provide a process-based explanation for the differences in the degree of creativity that were observed by researchers in the past.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

    How Entrepreneurs Negotiate and the Impact of Negotiation and Conflict Management on the Business

    Maiti S and Choi JH

    Despite of remarkable improvement on conflict management through the implementation of various approaches across the world, conflicts issues on business are still significant in term of a consistent high number of work-related conflicts in the business sector according to recent statistics from the industries.
    Study Objectives: Conflicts are inevitable part of an organisation. The way an organisation determines the root cause of the conflicts and manages them is more important. This study aims to investigate the implementation of conflict management strategies to minimise conflicts in the construction industry.
    Methodology/Approach: A mixed research methodology was adopted including focus group interview, questionnaire survey to obtain data from 50 professionals. Qualitative research design adopted for this research. The focus group interview has identified that conflict management has been regarded as highly essential for organization due to the fact the conflict is inevitable and organization.
    Findings: The conflicts are inevitable part of an organization but what is important is how the organization determines the root cause of the conflicts and manages them effectively. The study investigates the negotiation behavior of the entrepreneurs with focusing on how negotiation and conflicts influence the business.
    Recommendations: This study recommend that managers must resolve conflict in order to work in effective way. For this they must develop strategies to resolve conflict in proper way.
    Practical Implication: The findings of the paper can contribute to the body of by providing the conceptual approach for conflict management in construction industries to inform future practice and research at a strategic and tactical level.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 9

    Impact of Prior Work Experience on Entrepreneurial Intention and Theory of Planned Behaviour in the Context of Pakistan

    Li Wen Yuan, Sikander Ali Qalati, Shuja Iqbal, Rana Yasir Hussain and Shaibu Ali

    The present study aims to investigate the impact of prior work experience influence the entrepreneurial intension in the context of Pakistan. Where 58% population lies in the age of 20-30 years, 45-45% people hold Bachelor and Master degree. 58% people have experience in private firms. Theory of planned behaviour and Kolb’s experiential learning theory examined in the study. The sample of 438 represents the population of Pakistan. Study used the PLS-SEM 3.2.7, and the techniques used involves PLS algorithm, bootstrapping, scales used witnessed by using Fornell-Larcker validity and most sensitive techniques HTMT Ratio. The study constructed the four hypothesis in light of resents literature along with the theoretical support. Moreover, study founded the positive relationship between prior work experiences, with entrepreneurial intension. In addition, components of the theory of planned behaviour also played a significant role.

    Volume 9, Issue 4 (2020)

      Review Pages: 1 - 12

      The Role of the Business Model and Business Model Innovation as Essential Components to Commercialization, Entrepreneurship, and Strategic Renewal

      John M. York*

      DOI: 10.37421/jeom.2020.9.282

      Business models are a cornerstone of innovation for both startups and established firms. The term exists as part of the management lexicon, as media and scholars devote significant attention to it, especially with Internet-based and tech businesses exploiting innovative new models. This review aims to address the question concerning the current knowledge regarding the concepts of the business model and business model innovation. Starting with the business model, the paper examines the diversity of definitions that scholars offer, particularly related to its scope (e.g., firm, network) and conceptualization (e.g., activities, value). The narrative delves into a systematic review and components of the business model. It segues to examining links with the lean startup and associated canvases that encompass components to define value creation, delivery, and capture. This section closes by highlighting the diverse multitude of business models, including fifty-five common patterns, and finally, considers the assessment of the construct, most notably Teece's seven questions. The business model innovation section delves into its diverse characterizations by scholars, leading to the identification of common themes- value, process, novel, change, activities, core elements, model, and discovery. The section discusses two relevant systematic reviews that highlight gaps for further exploration. It then dives into multiple approaches, such as business model development, reconfiguration, discovery-driven planning, customer discovery, parallel play, and reinventing-the-wheel. This discussion closes by examining the role of business model innovation in the organizational learning process, particularly that of experimentation. Finally, it addresses evaluation, featuring Amit and Zott's six questions. Themes to draw for the business model involve that it (1) is essential to define a path to innovation and successful commercialization; (2) embodies the creation, delivery, capture, and apportionment of value; and (3) encompasses exploration and exploitation functions. For business model innovation, a notable extraction is that it involves a critical organizational learning process fashioning a model that offers novelty and value to the firm and its ecosystem of customers, investors, and partners.

      Review Pages: 1 - 5

      Effect of the management of the risk of an increase in treatment cost on the production of commercial broiler farms in the city of Douala, Cameroon

      Viban Banah Victor* and Mfondo Merlin

      DOI: 10.37421/JEOM.2020.9.283

      The poultry sector plays a vital role in the development of the country and the Government considers that poultry farming is a secure employment sector for the youth of Cameroon. It is estimated that each Cameroonian consumes about 3.48 kilograms of chicken per year and the Government hopes to reach a chicken consumption rate per inhabitant of 12kg per person per year by 2035. However, this goal is threatened by numerous challenges amongst which is the inconsistency in production. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of the risk of an increase in treatment cost management (the risk of self-medication, the risk of poor diagnosis and the risk of poor drug administration) on the production of selected broiler farms in Douala. This study was carried out using a survey research design. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the poultry farms in the three clusters, Douala III, IV and V sub-divisions that represent the areas where most of the poultry enterprises in are located Douala town. Then, purposive sampling technique was used to select 216 respondents that is 52, 56, 108 poultry farm managers and their assistants in Douala III, IV and V subdivisions respectively. Primary data was gotten through the use of a well-structured questionnaire and secondary data through magazines, newspapers, published articles and official reports. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, 20) was used to run the major statistics from the data collected. The coefficient of multiple determinations (R2) was used to assess the effect of risks of increase in treatment cost management and broiler production. The findings reveal that, the R2 value of 0.74 indicates that, about 74% changes in the production of broilers is caused by changes in the risk self-medication (RSM), risk of poor diagnosis (RPD) and risk of poor drug administration (RPDA). The adjusted R2 value of 0.66 implies that the model is 66% goodness fit. All the three hypotheses of this research as well as the main hypothesis have been rejected. It was suggested that, the farmers should always seek the services of an animal and production professional and respect his prescriptions as far as disease diagnosis, veterinary drug choice and administrations are concerned.

      Market Analysis Pages: 1 - 2

      Asian Entrepreneurship Congress 2020 - Market Analysis

      Henry Walker

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      Awards 2020 Pages: 1 - 2

      Asia Pacific Entrepreneurship Congress 2020 – Awards

      Henry Walker

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      Awards 2020 Pages: 1 - 2

      Entrepreneurship Summit 2020 - Awards February 28-29, 2020 Rome, Italy

      Katia Rave

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