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Entrepreneurship & Organization Management

ISSN: 2169-026X

Open Access

Current Issue

Volume 10, Issue 3 (2021)

    Research Pages: 1 - 6

    The Future of Work in Remote and Regional Communities

    John Ayoub*

    DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.294

    Tourism initiatives on the part of Destination NSW are constantly evolving, including efforts to promote Aboriginal and Outback Tourism. However, the NSW Outback is underrepresented in regard to receiving its share of tourists in comparison to the reported growth. Research in this paper is derived by reference to reports by Destination NSW (DNSW) calling for increased Indigenous and Outback Tourism, Statistics from Tourism Research Australia (TRA) as well as other professional academic papers supporting such measures in general. The concerns expressed by these Indigenous stakeholders include the requirement for incentives to establish newer forms of tourism and small enterprises for their improved economic benefit.

    Finally, this paper lists recommendations as calls to action which would lead indigenous stakeholders in the NSW Outback to more involvement in the global tourism trade.

    Research Pages: 1 - 4

    The Effect of Occupational Health and Safety, Work Accidents and Skills of Construction Workers On the Quality of Life of Construction Industry Workers In Indonesia

    Muhammad Ridha Akbar Martiano* and Anton Soekiman

    DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.295

    In Indonesia, the construction and maintenance of government buildings will continue so that every construction company that works with the Indonesian government must follow the rules set by the government in the construction legislation in Indonesia so that the results to be achieved can be in accordance with what is expected. The low welfare and quality of life of construction workers makes the quality of the workforce in Indonesia also low, one of the reasons is due to the high cost of access and the lack of time and opportunities for these non-formal workers to get education and training in order to improve their skills / skills in the construction sector. Occupational safety and occupational health (K3) construction in its application in Indonesia by construction companies is still not well implemented This research was conducted to see occupational safety and health (K3) construction, work accidents and construction workers' skills have a major influence on the quality of life of workers. The method used is a literature study, data collection is in the form of a survey to construction industry workers in West Java,. Overall, this section discusses research findings that have been analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical analysis. Descriptive statistical analysis that has been carried out found that workers 'perspectives on occupational health, occupational accidents, worker skills and workers' quality of life are at a high level. Meanwhile, the employee's perspective on job security is at a high enough level. Furthermore, the One-Way ANOVA analysis also shows that there is no influence of age, experience and type of construction work (structure, architecture, mechanical electricity) on the quality of life of construction workers in Indonesia. Multiple regression analysis also found that occupational accidents and occupational health have an effect on the improvement of construction workers' skills. This analysis also shows that workers' health and worker skills affect the quality of life of construction workers. Pearson's correlation analysis also found that the relationship between the variables of occupational health factors, worker skills and work accidents on the quality of life of construction workers and the strength of the relationship was weak.

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

    Good Governance in Oromia: Challenges and Strategies (Major Cities in Arsi and East Shewa zone in focus, Ethiopia)

    Bekele Shibru Arsedi

    The main objective of this studywas to identify the level of good governance with respect to its founding pillar elements in Oromia Arsi and East shewa zone selected urban cities. The key elements of good governance considered in the study were accountability, transparency, participation, responsiveness, control of corruption, operational effectiveness and efficiency, equity building and inclusive, and consensus orientation,. The study followed a surveyand focus group discussion. The data were collected from four selected cities i.e. Adama, Asella, Batu, and Shashemenne. Analyses were based on primary data generated through structured questionnaire for each key elements of good governance. Focus group discussion was also conducted with selected informant groups. Descriptive analyses were specified to identify the current practice of good governance. The focus group discussion data were subject to thematic analyses and triangulated with the findings from survey analyses. The pillars of good governance such as: accountability, participation, responsiveness, responsibility, efficiency and effectiveness, equity and consensus orientation, elements observed at low level within the selected city administration. Top priority problems were identified for respective cities. Fraud with respect to land administration and project authorization are among the top source of corruption. The study proposed pre-symptom actions and after symptom actions to curb corruption and establish good governance within the city administration.

    Hypothesis Pages: 1 - 4

    Impact of Covid-19 on a Small-Medium Businesses

    Siddhi Bhagat, Abbott J Haron* and Hassan Shakil Bhatti

    DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.296

    Change is essential for the survival of businesses. Change management professionals have underlined the need for organisational change and the need to involve employees in the decision-making process. Although change management is a relevant issue in today’s literature, the success or failure of change management processes depends on the choice of leadership style. The success rate of the change process has significantly been lower than expectations. This study focuses on studying communication withinSMEs (Small and Medium Enterprise), examining change readiness, and the choice of leadership style to justify the success or failure of change management. The main goal of this qualitative study is to explore change management strategies adopted by SMEs,because of the impact of COVID-19. The conceptual framework for this study is based on transformational leadership. This framework applied in the past would encourage and motivate employees towards achieving common organisational goals. Based on this notion, it is deemed that this framework can benefit change processes within SMEs. The target population consists of 15 participants. These participants will be interviewed using semi-structured questions through an online platform to maintain social distance. The data collected through the interviews will then aid data analysis process to derive a positive or a negative outcome of the study. The study also intended to make use of NVivo software for data analysis; however, a lack of experience in using the software can be a potential limitation of the course. The narrow scope of study focuses specifically on communications within SMEs to explore this phenomenon. As a result, the research only revolves around factors and themes affecting small and medium businesses.The findingsof this study will assist in identifying strategies that help SMEs survive and successfully implement organisational change. Furthermore, the study intends to explore areas of growth such as a change in leadership styles, structural changes in SMEs, technological improvement, and process developments.

    Hypothesis Pages: 1 - 5

    Transformational Leadership and Employee Creativity in an Information Technology (IT) Enterprises: Moderating Role of Openness to Experience

    Sanjeet Ghimire, Abbott J Haron* and Hassan Shakil Bhatti

    DOI: 10.37421/2169-026X.2021.10.297

    The creativity and innovation in an Information Technology (IT) industry are essential for sustainable success, gaining competitive advantages, as well as is vitalfor the survival of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). An employee is the primary source of creativity in any organisation. Although employees are involved in the daily operating task, the style of leadership caninfluencethe generation and execution of creative ideas. Furthermore, an employee's own inclination towards creativity and openness to experience play a role in enhancing the creative environment.However, the role of transformational leadership dimensions in employee creativity as well as the roleemployees' traits of openness to experience,had not been studied abundantly. The lack of study of the relationship of four dimensions of transformational leadership individually with employee creativity will be fulfilled through this study.The focus of this research is on examining the relationship between transformational leadership and employee creativitythrough quantitative researchoffourdimensions of transformational leadership. Furthermore, studying how the employee'sopenness to experience moderate the relation between transformational leadership and employee creativity is examined in this study.

    The research design is cross-sectional quantitative research where data will be collected from a survey questionnaire. The survey questionnaire will besentby using survey monkey to the employee and manager of Sydney based IT SMEs. The data will be collected on the response based on fourconstructs of transformational leadership.The collected data will be tested through regression analysis using SPSSversion 27, and the hypothesis will be tested. The test result will be interpreted to check whether the transformational leadership has a positive relationship with employee creativity and whether the relationship is moderated byemployee's openness to experience.

    Volume 10, Issue 5 (2021)

      Research Pages: 1 - 4

      Customer Lowered Electricity Price: Advancing the Modern Grid Capabilities Through Rate Design

      Myon Katz, Brendan JM, Richard T and Syed AA

      In this paper, we discuss innovative electricity pricing rate design as a solution to a problem brought about by an “Old Utility Model,” namely the problem of ratepayers
      shifting, or dumping, cost onto other electricity ratepayers. The solution involves time-of-use pricing, smartly implemented new technologies, and an updated “Utility
      of the Future “model that turns ratepayers from consumers to prosumers alongside a rate design that incentivized deep investments into DER (Distributed Energy
      Resources), energy efficiency and storage, such as whole-home batteries, while taking advantage of the practice of net metering.

      Research Pages: 1 - 6

      How Servant Leadership Relates to Conflict Management Styles at Work

      Thomas B. Fields

      Managing interpersonal conflict between employees and their supervisors continues to be challenging. Researchers have studied how leadership styles relate to conflict management in organizations, but little is known about how servant leadership relates to conflict management at work. Servant leadership is a management style in which one motivates his or her employees by serving them. The purpose of this study was to investigate how servant leadership dimensions exhibited by supervisors correlated with conflict management styles used by employees when employees experienced conflict with their supervisor. A web-based survey invitation was shared with social service employees resulting in a sample of 230 participants. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to determine if a predictive relationship existed between the servant leadership dimensions, measured by the Servant Leadership Scale, and helpful and unhelpful conflict management styles, measured by the Rahim Organizational Conflict Inventory–II.  Servant leadership exhibited by supervisors correlated positively with both helpful and unhelpful conflict management styles used by employees.

      Research Pages: 1 - 5

      Enhancing the Coffee among Small holder farmers by Value-Added System in Thandaunggyi Township, Karen State, Myanmar

      Saw Joseph Win and Taien Layraman

      Thandaunggyi is one of the townships in Karen state, Myanmar that is categorized as a conflict-affected (brown) area, characterized by late development and natural sightseeing place. However, since crop agriculture are susceptible to drought, Robusta coffee has become the sole most important alternative form of sustenance. Despite documented potential benefits of value addition, coffee is majorly produced and marketed with little processing. There is insufficient knowledge on why this is the case. Using survey data from 185 randomly selected coffee farmers from three areas in Thandaunggyi township, descriptive methods were used to summarize household characteristics and to characterize the farming systems in the study areas, while in-depth interviews with 40 participants and the Probit Regression Models were used to determine the extent of value addition contingent on the decision of a coffee famer to participate in value addition activity, and to assess the link between coffee value addition and household poverty status, respectively.

      Research Pages: 1 - 3

      The Role of Leadership in Knowledge Management and Information Sharing for Small and Medium Retail Business

      Hassan Shakil Bhatti

      The purpose of this research is to identify the role of a leader in information sharing and knowledge management within the team of retail stores. It is also trying to
      identify the mediating role of information sharing and governing role of knowledge management between the leadership and team effectiveness. It is a quantitative
      research method will be used as data collection instrument

      Research Pages: 1 - 5

      Effect of the Management of Mortality (Chicken Death) Risk on the Production of Commercial Broiler Farms in the City of Douala, Cameroon

      Viban Banah Victor and Mfondo Merlin

      This research sought to assess the effect of the risk of chicken death on the production of commercial broiler farms in Douala, the economic capital of the Republic
      of Cameroon. More specifically this work aimed to assess the effect of (the risk of disease outbreak, the risk of heat or thermal stress and the risk of technical errors)
      on the production of commercial broiler farms in Douala and to make some suggestions to stakeholders of the poultry industry on how to monitor and control this
      risk. A sample of 254 poultry farm managers and their assistants in the city of Douala were selected using the purposive sampling technique to take part in this
      study. Primary data was gotten through the use of a structured questionnaire, interviews and non-participant observations, while secondary data was gotten through
      magazines, newspapers, published articles and official reports. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (IBM SPSS 20) was used to run the major statistics from the
      data collected. The coefficient of multiple determinations (R2) was used to assess the relationships between risks management and broiler production. The results of
      this study revealed that, there is a negative effect of (the risk of disease outbreak, the risk of heat or thermal stress and the risk of technical errors) on the production
      of commercial broiler farms in Douala. The study therefore recommended among others to the farmers that, they should make sure that strict hygienic conditions and
      biosecurity rules are implemented in the farm in order to avoid disease occurrence and spread and to equally follow the instructions of the animal health professionals
      concerning vaccination, preventive treatments and density of birds per meter square.

      Volume 10, Issue 8 (2021)

        Research Pages: 1 - 5

        Challenges of Electronic Waste Management - Tamilnadu in India

        Selvaraj N*

        The usage of electronic devices is increasing day by day. Developed and developing countries, both are equally responsible for generating E-waste. Technology has short span of life. It has no shelf life. Change in technology takes place quite often; therefore the older one becomes redundant and turns into waste when new version of technology is emerged. This leads to generation of E Waste on a massive scale. In the technical era, every day companies are finding new electronic items and accordingly satisfy consumer needs. Consumers also express their interest in buying the electronic goods immediately after the electronic goods are introduced in the market. To examine the various ways to solve E-Waste problems. To assess the impact of E-Waste management to the local communities. The opinion with high loading on these factors are Companies should devolved Non-Hazardous E-waste, the factors are legal framework for E-waste management, The opinion with high loading on these factors are Increase the life of product, the opinion with high loading on these factors are Companies should make a proper and safe E-waste disposal policy and the opinions with high loading on these factors are Guidelines for the electrical and electronic equipment manufacturers A certain percentage from the price of all such electronic equipment can be directed towards the recycling budget of the government. The government can direct a small part of budget for training E-waste handlers, for public awareness and other related activities. Government must take responsibility to train and monitor the workers. It is necessary to provide them secured livelihood along with life and health insurance.

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        Business ethics: An overview

        John Kling*

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        Research Pages: 1 - 4

        Role of Women in Entrepreneurship Development

        Sahebrao B Ohol*

        During the last three decades, Indian women have entered the field of entrepreneurship in increasing numbers. With the emergence and growth of their businesses, they have contributed to the Indian economy & society. These women entrepreneurs have entered many industries and sectors. Many of the earlier obstacles to their success have removed, yet some remain. Further, there has been much progress in the training and development of women entrepreneurs within public policy and academic programs.

        This paper examines issues like why do women undertake entrepreneurship in India? What factors influence the strategic growth of women-owned businesses in India? What are the characteristics of Indian women entrepreneurs and their businesses? What have been the greatest obstacles and challenges for women entrepreneurs in India? The last part of paper gives some suggestions and conclusion for entrepreneurship development in India.

        Research Pages: 1 - 7

        Factor to Influence the Work Satisfaction of the Workers of Private Sector Banks in Theni District

        Selvaraj N*

        The banking sector is undergoing rapid change so as to face the challenges posed by new developments triggered by the entry of personal banks and foreign banks into India. The liberalization process, initiated by the government of India nearly one and a half decades ago, has caused tremendous changes within the financial services sector. Within the planet of banking, customer needs have changed then has the essential nature of banking services. The way banks meet these needs and therefore the framework within which they're delivered have as a result changed. Banks need to face a number of latest phenomena starting from regulatory issues, risk management and new technology to globalization, consolidation and branding banks in India. Within the new era of worldwide competition, they need to consider three important areas for sustained development viz., technology, customer and consolidation [1]. Job satisfaction refers to an individual’s positive emotional reactions to a specific job. It’s an efficient reaction to employment that results from the persons comparison of actual outcomes with people who are desired, anticipated, or deserved [2].

        Research Pages: 1 - 5

        Public Sector Banks Employees Job Satisfaction in Theni District of TamilNadu

        Selvaraj N*

        Job satisfaction is an attitude which ends up from balancing and summation of the many specific likes and dislike experienced in reference to the work. The banking system being a service-oriented industry, its man power is its prime asset. Its efficiency or inefficiency in delivering services to the customer features a direct pertaining to its organizational success. To analyze the connection between the extent of job satisfaction and therefore the socio economic background of the workers of public sector banks. Both primary and secondary data are used for this study. A satisfied, happy and hardworking employee is that the biggest asset of any organization, including banks. Workforce of a bank is responsible to an outsized extent for its productivity and profitability. The efficiency and performance of an employee is usually hurdled by the employees’ socio-economic background.

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