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Entrepreneurship & Organization Management

ISSN: 2169-026X

Open Access

Article in Press

Volume 10, Issue 6 (2021)

    Research Pages: 1 - 4

    How does the institutional context of an emerging economy shape the innovation trajectory of different types of firms? A case study of India

    Harini Mittal

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    Institutional context impacts the innovation trajectory of an economy. Impact of institutional voids in an emerging economy on firm level innovation strategies, and output is a less researched topic. Using India as a case study, this paper presents a qualitative assessment of the impact of institutional context in the emerging economy on innovation strategies and consequent outputs of Indian private firms across various firm sizes, and ages. The paper finds that in India, most innovations are imitative in nature, and/or driven by customer requirements, and/or international quality norms. “New-to-the-world” innovations are scarce and are mostly driven by MNCs, government institutions, and to some extent large Indian firms. The paper concludes that in India, large firms are more innovative because of their resilience, and the internal systems and capabilities that can overcome voids, and exploit opportunities. In start-up firms and SMEs, the fast-paced transitions create unequal opportunities for innovation to different sizes and ages of firms.

    Research Pages: 1 - 6

    An analysis of entrepreneurship development and employment generation in Nigeria: A study of national directorate of employment generation

    Babangida Shehu

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    The issues of entrepreneurship development and employment generation continue to receive high attention because of their impact on unemployment and poverty reduction in many parts of the world. The National Directorate of Employment was introduced by government in its efforts toward employment generation. In furtherance of attempts toward tackling unemployment, addressing issues of poverty and vulnerability and promoting inclusive finance at the grass-root levels, the Directorate has a Special Micro Empowerment Scheme, which is aimed at promoting social inclusion and job creation. Micro, Small and Medium enterprises such as  water/beverage sales, shoemaking, shining, carpentry, tailoring, mechanic among other vocations account for about 99.6 percent of registered businesses in Nigeria by which about 63 percent of the labor force earn a living. The Directorate has created over 2.076 million employments since it was established. The NDEs one million job creation program remains a wonderful idea in employment generation. The survey research method was used for the study. Surveys refer to an investigation of events that exist at the time of the research and connected with some problem situations that is felt over a wide area. Data analysis was done through Pearson’s techniques. The result showed a very strong positive correlation between entrepreneurship development and employment generation. This is the aim of the study. The various employment creation programmes of the NDE are designed to provide training in critical skills required to make an unemployed person either employable or self-employed. Emphasis is placed on self-employment as against paid employment as a stimulus to engender entrepreneurial spirit and create wealth. To support this concept, the Directorate provides demonstrative soft loans to outstanding beneficiaries of her various programmes.

    Research Pages: 1 - 4

    Personal Variables of Perception towards Equity Derivative Markets in India

    N. Selvaraj

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    The stock market is a place where buyers and sellers of stocks come together, physically or virtually. Market participants can be small individuals or large fund managers who can be situated anywhere. Traders place their orders to the professionals of a stock exchange who executes these buying and selling orders. The stocks are listed and traded on stock exchanges.

    In India, Traders want maximum gain with minimum risk, so is the case with derivatives. Derivatives are among the forefront of the innovations in the financial markets and aim to increase returns and reduce risk. A derivative is a financial product which has been derived from another financial product or commodity. The derivatives do not have independent existence without underlying product and market. Derivatives are contracts which are written between two parties for easily marketable assets. Derivatives are gaining importance due to increased volatility in capital and foreign currency markets. RBI finds ways for healthy development of market and takes steps to popularise the use of derivative instruments, but still awareness about the derivative instruments and its uses are quite low. Hence, it is necessary to find out the level of awareness among investing public and if found low, how to create adequate awareness to encourage the use of derivative products as hedge tools. The concept of General Insurance may be extended to the amount invested in Indian Stock Market for which the premium may be collected from the traders. To keep the interest of the traders in mutual fund the companies will play a vital role to attract the traders to invest in mutual fund so for that companies should bring such plans which is having very low risk As per the study the traders wants safe returns on their investment and all traders know the risk in share market and which is the main reason traders avoid to invest in shares and equities or mutual fund because of the fear of losing the money.The Market should maintain a good relationship in reality and should render of quick services according to the customers, in case of necessity.

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