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Journal of Cosmetology & Trichology

ISSN: 2471-9323

Open Access

Articles in press and Articles in process

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

    Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Assessment of the Efficacy of a Food Supplement in Reducing Hair Loss in Male Subjects

    Vincenzo Nobile*, Enza Cestone, Gloria Roveda, Marta Pisati, Angela Michelotti and Maurizia Dossena

    Background: Hair loss is a not life-threatening dermatological condition with some physical effects but with more severe psychosocial consequences. Nutrition deficiencies have been associated to hair loss, opening the door for food supplement’s use in decreasing hair loss.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of a commercially available food supplement (Alline proMEN) containing a patented keratin (Keramax®), venus hair fern extract and a combination of 11 vitamins and two minerals.

    Patients/Methods: Men with hair loss were randomized to receive a tablet per day of the active or the placebo product over a 3-months study period. Anagen, telogen and hair density were measured as primary endpoints; while hair mechanical properties, hair structure, hair radiance, clinical analysis and self-assessment were investigated as secondary endpoints.

    Results: The mean change of the percentage of telogen hair over 1 month product use was -4.6%; while the mean change over 3 months product use was -13.2%. The hair breakage force and the hair elongation were statistically changed after 3 months of product use by +7.5 and 5.3%; while the hair radiance was improved both at 1 and 3 months. These effects were visible also on the clinical analysis, on the hair structure and by the subjects.

    Conclusion: In conclusion, the oral supplementation with Alline proMEN for 3 months was effective in speeding up the resolution of the hair loss in men, in improving the hair physical and mechanical properties and was well-tolerated. The product is then a safe and effective way to address hair loss in men.

    Full Length Research Paper Pages: 1 - 3

    Association Between Hyperuricemia and Metabolic Syndrome in a Senegalese Population

    Fatou Cisse*

    Background: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a real public health problem in our regions. Its severity requires early detection strategies based on clinical, anthropometric and biological criteria to ensure adequate management of this condition. Hyperuricemia, although not part of these criteria, is frequently associated with MS components. Thus, we have set ourselves the goal of finding a relationship between uric acid and MS. Methodology: We conducted a prospective study on 441 subjects received as part of an annual medical visit. The subjects included in the study benefited from a complete clinical examination and blood tests provided by this annual medical check (including blood sugar, lipid status, uric acid). The biochemical parameters were determined using enzymatic methods adapted to the A15 automaton. The metabolic syndrome has been defined according to the criteria of NCEP-ATP III Results: The prevalences of metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia were 6.57% and 6.34%, respectively. Hyperuricemia was strongly associated with MS (OR = 3.87, p = 0.007) and some of these components including hypoHDlemia (OR = 5.09), hypertriglyceridemia (OR = 3.05), and abdominal obesity (OR = 2.52) Conclusion: The positive association between hyperuricemia and MS demonstrates the interest of dosing uric acid in subjects at risk

    Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

    Meteors - light from comets and asteroids

    Sean M Davidson

    In studies of the oldest solar system bodies – comets and asteroids – it is their fragments – meteoroids – that provide the most accessible planetary material for detailed laboratory analysis in the form of dust particles or meteorites. Some asteroids and comets were visited by spacecrafts and returned interplanetary samples to Earth, while missions Hayabusa 2 and OSIRIX-REx visiting asteroids Ryugu and Bennu are ongoing. However, the lack of representative samples of comets and asteroids opens the space to gain more knowledge from direct observations of meteoroids. At collision with the Earth’s atmosphere, meteoroids produce light phenomena known as meteors. Different methods can be used to observe meteors, allowing us to study small interplanetary fragments, which would otherwise remain undetected. Numerous impressive meteor showers, storms and meteorite impacts have occurred throughout the recorded history and can now be predicted and analyzed in much more detail. By understanding the dynamics, composition and physical properties of meteoroids, we are able to study the formation history and dynamical evolution of the solar system. This work presents an introduction to meteor astronomy, its fundamental processes and examples of current research topics.

      Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

      An Overview of Hair Coloring and its Types

      Shanker Kumar*

      Hair coloration, often known as hair dyeing, is the process of changing one's hair colour. The most common reasons are cosmetic: to hide grey or white hair, to change to a more fashionable or beautiful hue, or to restore the original hair colour after hairdressing or sun bleaching has harmed it. The four most common classifications are permanent, demi-permanent, semi-permanent, and temporary.

        Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

        An Overview of Hair loss

        Shanker Kumar

        Hair loss, often known as baldness or alopecia, is the loss of hair on one's head or body. The head is usually engaged at the very least. Hair loss can range in intensity from a small patch to the entire body. There is usually no inflammation or scarring. As a result of hair loss, some people develop psychological distress. Alopecia areata, male or female pattern hair loss, and telogen effluvium, or hair thinning, are all common kinds. Male-pattern hair loss is caused by a mix of heredity and male hormones; female-pattern hair loss is unknown; alopecia areata is caused by an autoimmune reaction; and telogen effluvium is caused by a physically or mentally stressful event. Following pregnancy, telogen effluvium is fairly common. Hair tugging, certain drugs such as chemotherapy, HIV/ AIDS, hypothyroidism, and malnutrition, including iron deficiency, are all less prevalent causes of hair loss without inflammation or scarring. Fungal infection, lupus erythematosus, radiation therapy, and sarcoidosis are all causes of hair loss associated with scarring or inflammation. Hair loss is diagnosed in part based on the afflicted areas.

          Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

          Efficacy of a Topical Application of Ageratum conyzoides on Increasing Hair Growth and in Males and Females: A Randomised Double-blind Placebo-controlled Study

          Paul Clayton*, Ruchitha Venkatesh, Shama, Nathasha Bogoda, Silma Subah and Amanda Rao

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          Background: Alopecia affects both males and females and can cause significant psychological distress. Ageratum conyzoides, traditionally used to treat a multitude of conditions including skin disorders, gastrointestinal problems, headache and pneumonia, has been also found to have good efficacy in increasing hair growth and decreasing hair loss. Importantly, its good safety profile makes it advantageous over the current drug treatments for hair loss; Finasteride and Minoxidil, both of which are associated with adverse effects.

          Objective: A 12-week double-blind, randomised, clinical trial investigated the efficacy and safety of a topical application of A. conyzoides in males and females over 18 years of age.

          Methods: A. conyzoides topical gel of 0.5% strength was administered daily for 12 weeks to 80 otherwise healthy males and females over 18 years of age who self-reported hair loss. Hair growth was assessed by measuring hair density using HairCheck® and calculating the Hair Loss Ratio (HLR). Hair loss was assessed by the mean number of hairs lost during a one-minute combing test and a hair tugs or pull test. Other hair measures included the Hamilton-Norwood scale for men and Savin scale for women. Participants' quality of life was evaluated by self-assessment questionnaires. Biochemical and haematological parameters were also assessed.

          Results: Our study found a significant increase in hair density and significant decrease in HLR following topical application of A. conyzoides. At 12 weeks, hair density in the A. conyzoides treated group was significantly higher and HLR was significantly lower than the placebo group. No significant changes were found in the one-minute combing test or hair pull test or assessment by the Hamilton-Norwood and Savin hair loss scales. Quality of life measures and biochemical and haematological parameters showed no significant changes throughout the study.

          Conclusion: The results from our study demonstrate a net increase in hair growth following topical application of A. conyzoides.

            Editorial Pages: 1 - 1

            An Overview of Acne

            Shanker Kumar

            der in which dead skin cells and oil from the skin block hair cells. Blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, greasy skin, and scarring are all common symptoms of the condition. It primarily affects skin with a high number of oil glands, which includes the face, upper chest, and back. The ensuing appearance can cause depression, negative self, and, in the worst-case scenario, depression or suicidal thoughts. In 80% of cases, acne susceptibility is primarily inherited. Diet and cigarette smoking appear to play no function in the disease, and neither hygiene nor exposure to sunshine appear to play a role. Androgens, which cause increased sebum production in both sexes, appear to be part of the underlying mechanism. Excessive proliferation of the bacterium Cutibacterium acnes, which is prevalent on the skin, is another common reason.

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