Hydrology: Current Research

ISSN: 2157-7587

Open Access

Sayyed Ahang Kowsar

West Indies

  • Review Article
    Achieving Ground Water Sustainability in Iran through Qanat Rejuvenation
    Author(s): Mehrdad Rahnemaei, Fardin Boustani and Sayyed Ahang KowsarMehrdad Rahnemaei, Fardin Boustani and Sayyed Ahang Kowsar

    Iran is the land of drought, floods and qanats. The ancient Persians discovered that the best place to store water was under ground, and the most appropriate method for its delivery was qanat. Their groundwater resources were sustainable before the importation of motor pumps and construction of large dams. The pumps enabled them to mine water from aquifers a few hundred meter deep and transporting it to mountain summits. The dam builders were either not aware of our geological and climatological settings, or ignored them. Enormous sedimentation, abundant evaporation, large leakage and astronomical costs make dams the most inappropriate technology for the Land of Iran and other dry lands of the world. Floodwater spreading for spate irrigation and the artificial recharge of groundwater (ARG) provides a low cost technology which is environmentally sound, financially viable and socially a.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000150

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