Journal of Health Education Research & Development

ISSN: 2380-5439

Open Access

Oroma Nwanodi

PO Box 59, Salinas, CA 93902

  • Review Article
    Simulation for Medical Specialty Initial Certification and Maintenance of Certification in the United States of America
    Author(s): Oroma NwanodiOroma Nwanodi

    Surgical skills simulation (SSS) tests the application of factual knowledge and shows how knowledge is applied, representing the second and third levels of Miller’s Pyramid of Learning. SSS permits high-stakes scenario testing in safe environments. Therefore, SSS incorporation into initial specialty certification began in 2002 in Australia and New Zealand. The United States began SSS incorporation into specialty certification in 2008. This paper will determine where the United States stands in the process of SSS incorporation into specialty certification. Google scholar Internet and PubMed searches phrased “medical board certification surgical skills simulation”, performed on September 1, 2016 yielded 16 relevant articles. Hand search on September 1, 2016 yielded 7 additional articles. In 2008, cardiac catheterization simulation was required for interventional cardio.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2380-5439.1000195

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