Business and Economics Journal

ISSN: 2151-6219

Open Access

The Relations of Transformational Leadership and Empowerment with Employee Job Satisfaction: A Study among Indian Restaurant Employees


Amarjit Gill, Alan B Flaschner, Charul Shah, Ishaan Bhutani

This paper examines if transformational leadership and empowerment affect job satisfaction among Indian restaurant employees. This study utilized survey research (a non-experimental field study design). A total of 218 restaurant industry employees from the Punjab area of India were surveyed to assess their perceptions of transformational leadership, empowerment, and job satisfaction at their places of work. Positive relationships between i) employee perceived transformational leadership used by managers and employee perceived job satisfaction and ii) employee perceived empowerment and employee perceived job satisfaction were found. The paper makes recommendations to managers and owners/operators of the hospitality organizations for improving employee retention.


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